Alcohol constricts or dilates blood vessels?

Alcohol is the attribute of the holiday for many people. Every person has a different relationship to alcohol, but many people wonder about how they act on the vascular condition. From the operation of vessels depends on the work of the organs, particularly the heart, brain, liver and stomach.


It is believed that alcohol can bring your body a favor, but this rule applies only if the person was limited to a small number of drink. For example, beer is a source of b vitamins, C and folic acid, magnesium and phosphorus, and the wine elite varieties contains antioxidants. A small amount of brandy helps reduce blood pressure and eliminate headache. However, the abuse of alcohol the person will cause your body irreparable damage and will reduce the quality of life.

Alcohol and the cardiovascular system

First of all drinks with an alcohol content affect the vascular tone. In fact, initially, the alcohol dilates blood vessels, however, with increasing dose, its effect is reversed: the blood vessels constrict. Because of this fluctuating blood pressure and heart rate. The man gets hot, he feels the fatigue and depletion. A small portion of the ridge or vodka will not be harmful to humans, which has no problems with pressure. If you have hypertension, or hypotension and other vascular diseases, the use of alcohol should be approached with caution.

Systematic abuse of alcohol, even heart-healthy wine, leads to disruption of the functioning of this body. Due to the fact that the vessels dilate, and then sharply narrowed, lose their elasticity. This phenomenon leads to disruption of blood flow that threatens a person with heart disease. The constant use of vodka, cognac and other spirits leads to the development of arrhythmias that can provoke heart failure.

The abuse of beer can lead to the development of heart disease. When injected several litres of beer in the body heart is bursting because it has to pump more blood. The left ventricle of the heart, lover of beer is in constant tension, which in humans, increased blood pressure. Hypertension increases the risk of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure. These diseases can lead to severe disability and sudden death. Cobalt contained in beer, accumulates in the fibers of the myocardium, because of this, the heart muscle loses its elasticity and cannot adequately pump blood.

Alcohol and other organs

Continuous drinking of whisky, vodka, cognac leads to the death of brain cells, which disrupts the function of the latter. From the drinker, reduced cognitive ability, intelligence and working ability. Abuse of vodka and cognac leads to the development of liver cirrhosis and alcoholic hepatitis, because of a constant intoxication interferes with the normal structure of the liver and its functioning.

Алкоголь сужает или расширяет сосуды?

Rules of alcohol

To minimise the negative impact of alcohol on the body, it is necessary to follow a few simple rules:

  • Wine, cognac and vodka, can’t drink on an empty stomach, because this way it is possible to burn the mucosa of the body. In addition, a person who drinks alcohol on an empty stomach, quickly gets drunk.
  • Alcohol consumption under stress, constricts blood vessels, causing blood circulation.
  • You cannot mix different types of alcohol, because of this, there are abrupt fluctuations in blood pressure with all its consequences. When mixing different types of alcoholic beverages can quickly occur poisoning.
  • Diabetes person can drink a minimum dose of vodka, cognac, and other spirits. The dose should not exceed 100 milliliters. But alcohol, with sugar content (liquor, wine) is altogether excluded from the diet.
  • The combination of alcoholic beverages with silnokislotny leads to rapid intoxication.
  • During a party with alcohol should reduce the number of cigarettes smoked, if the person used to smoke. The combination of alcohol and tobacco overloads the body and affects health.
  • Alcohol should eat a protein food (meat, fish) and vegetables and fruits.
  • With caution to the use of alcohol should be suitable for people taking the drug. Some medicines can react with ethanol that has a high probability to lead to serious consequences including death. If the instructions for the medication provided information about the need to exclude alcohol during drug therapy you need to fulfill this requirement. Any alcohol is prohibited for children and pregnant women. Older people should minimize the use of beverages containing alcohol.

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