Anemia in pregnancy — causes and treatment
During pregnancy a woman faces many changes in his body. This is due to the fact that now her body is a protective barrier, protecting the unborn baby from external influences. When the fruit is Mature enough, give him enough strength to adapt to the world outside the womb, occur birth. And while it is up to you and your health care depends on the future of the child.
What kind of anemia found in pregnant women?
One manifestation of these changes is the decrease of the amount of hemoglobin in the blood. If this is due to increased circulating blood volume, such a phenomenon does not pose a risk for mother and child. Thus the body simply adapts to the implementation of new features.
But if anemia in pregnant women is true, that is, the level of hemoglobin in the blood begins to fall, for whatever reason, it is necessary to sound the alarm. Today anaemia is found in every second pregnant woman, especially affected those who carry twins or triplets, and if the period between this and the previous pregnancy is less than 4 years.
Anemia occurs most often due to pregnancy, but it may already be available to the expectant mother. Not every woman watches the level of your hemoglobin, so it may just not be aware of this disease. Therefore, obstetrician-gynecologists advise to pass the examination of the body to detect hidden diseases.
If you have previously had lowered hemoglobin, then during pregnancy you can almost not feel the symptoms of the disease, the fact that the body was used to his disadvantage and easier to adapt this time. But if the anemia was caused due to pregnancy, many say unpleasant and sometimes unbearable symptoms.
There are three stages of the disease, each of which characterizes the hemoglobin level, the General analysis of blood:
Causes of anemia during pregnancy
In 99% of all cases of anemia in pregnancy iron deficiency takes the form. The body of the expectant mother requires large amounts of iron for growth of the fetus and formation of the placenta. If iron, for whatever reason, enters the body, immediately developing its deficit.
The most common causes of this condition include:
- malnutrition (lack of iron in foods and vitamins that help it absorb);
- diseases of the liver and stomach;
- a short period between births;
- early morning sickness;
- carrying two or more children;
- chronic infection;
How does pregnant women have anemia?
As a rule, a pregnant woman may not experience symptoms of anemia during pregnancy in the early stages, but on stages 2 and 3 degrees will start to encounter warning signs:
- dizziness and tinnitus;
- pain in the head;
- heart pains;
- shortness of breath;
- loss of consciousness;
- sleep disorders;
- a sharp change in tastes;
- pale and dry skin;
- brittle hair and nails;
- itching and burning in the vagina.
These symptoms are caused by a lack in the body’s cells of oxygen, for transportation is responsible red blood cells. If their number has decreased dramatically, causing a condition of hypoxia (oxygen starvation). It is very dangerous for the expectant mother and her fetus.
Studies to confirm iron deficiency anemia
Some external signs are not enough for raising such a serious diagnosis. Therefore, doctors recommend the pregnant woman to a number of additional tests to confirm or refute the presence of anemia. Chief among them is the laboratory blood test for the detection of hemoglobin level, number and size of red blood cells. Also, it will determine the color index and hematocrit.
It is necessary to set the concentration of iron in the blood total iron binding capacity the ability of serum and transferrin saturation with this element. The presence of the disease will show the following figures:
- hemoglobin < 110 g/l;
- the color indicator < 0,85;
- the diameter of RBCs < 6.5 microns;
- OSS > 64,4 mmol/l;
- serum iron < 12.6 µmol/l;
- saturated transferrin < 16%.
What happens if you don’t restore the iron reserves?
Anemia during pregnancy can cause many unfortunate consequences. First, the risk that may occur miscarriage, increases sharply. Another danger is premature birth – premature babies can lag behind in development or have hearing, speech, motor functions.
During childbirth, even if they did have mothers with anemia can cause bleeding. This will further aggravate the situation of lack of hemoglobin and may lead to death. In addition, kids whose mothers suffered from iron deficiency during the inspection can detect this disease.
How to treat iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy?
Anemia in pregnant women is not treated by adjustments to diet. To correct iron deficiency need to take containing medications. The fact that iron, have been reported with food, not to digest completely, and sulfate or ferric hydroxide contained in medicines easier on the body.
These drugs are taken inside, more often they are presented in the form of a syrup with a variety of fruit flavors. But there is iron produced in the form of tablets. The most popular means are:
- I work;
For best utilization, additionally prescribed drugs, containing vitamin C, B12 and Folic acid.
To the mother and her baby for 9 months not happened nothing irreparable, you need to visit a doctor and pass all the tests. Under this rule, you can identify current diseases and to avoid unfortunate consequences.