Angiodistonia of cerebral vessels

This diagnosis is frequently a companion at virtually any pathology. This is due to the fact that the processes in the human body are closely interrelated, and pathology in one organ leads to changes in many others. And blood vessels in the brain react to frequent intoxication (chronic infections), trauma, stress, hormonal disturbances, surges of blood pressure that leads to a change in their tone and development of angiodystonia.

Angiodistonia. What is it?

This pathology of the veins and arteries, which is based on the violation of the structure of the vessel walls or the formation processes of the muscular layer. As a result of these violations, the vessels lose the ability to adapt to changing environmental conditions, manifested either in the form of weakness of the vascular walls, or in high tone.

Angiodistonia vessels of the brain, respectively, as described above, the pathology occurring in the vascular system of the brain. Violation of blood flow in the vessels prevents normal blood flow in specific brain regions and can cause serious consequences, violating the normal functioning of the patient.

When may occur angiodystonia in the brain?

This pathology is not a separate disease. As a rule, it occurs in the background of some underlying disease. It can be:

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  • Hormonal disturbances in the body due to diseases of the endocrine glands (adrenal, thyroid, ovaries, pituitary, hypothalamus).
  • Autonomic dysfunction.
  • Chronic infections in the body (caries, chronic tonsillitis, sinusitis, pyelonephritis, cystitis, etc.).
  • Acute and chronic diseases of internal organs (atherosclerosis, peptic ulcer, pancreatitis, colitis, amyloidosis, hepatitis).
  • Traumatic brain injury, contusion or concussion, multiple sclerosis.
  • Insufficient physical activity of the patient (lack of exercise).
  • Personality disorders (increased anxiety, fear, suspiciousness, irritability).
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Ангиодистония сосудов головного мозга
Symptoms and signs of angiodystonia brain:

  • Headache is of different nature and localization. Most often this pain is pulsating or pressing character, located either in the temporal or occipital areas. The headache may be combined with dizziness and loss of consciousness.
  • Changes of blood pressure. It can be a symptom of an underlying disease (hypertension, atherosclerosis), which resulted in angiodistonia.
  • Violations heart rhythm (arrhythmia, disruption of the heart), sometimes pain in the heart area. These symptoms can join numbness in extremities, pain in the neck, thoracic spine and back.
  • A group of symptoms that reflect oxygen deprivation to the brain weakness, fatigue, drowsiness, pre-existing conditions.
  • The decrease in visual acuity, periods of blackouts.
  • The deterioration of memory.
  • Sleep disorders (insomnia, restless or broken sleep).
  • How to confirm the diagnosis of angiodystonia?

    Issues angiodistonia engaged in physician-angiologist, which is conducting a comprehensive examination of the patient, ascertain the cause of the vascular pathology, prescribes treatment, corrects lifestyle. For the diagnosis of angiodystonia the following methods:

    • Rheoencephalography (REG) is the study of brain vessels, which is determined by the tone of their walls, as well as reaction to surrounding influences.
    • Ultrasound of Central (aorta, hollow vein) and peripheral vascular (limbs);
    • ECG and Ajax (heart ultrasound) used for the study of the heart and determine the level of ischemia in the myocardium;
    • Electroencephalogram (EEG) – the study of the electrical activity of the brain. This type of diagnostics is needed to identify the possible consequences of angiodystonia (e.g., convulsive readiness).