Atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels: symptoms and treatment diet

Atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels doctors call disease, the main feature of which is the formation in cerebral vessels atherosclerotic plaques, capable at any moment to break away and cause a stroke.

The disease is particularly insidious, because even with a small residual lumen in the artery, the patient may feel only General symptoms (dizziness, weakness), which are easily mistaken for ordinary ailment and not give them due importance. Suffer from atherosclerosis equally often by both men and women in the age group of 45 – 60 years. A disease doctors call the scourge of modern times: every third inhabitant of the metropolis in the age of 60 years die from atherosclerosis.

Affects disease and youth: the effects of a sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work and power consumption of enormous quantities of animal fats. What kind of doctor treats atherosclerosis of the main arteries of the head? How to treat the disease? What are the characteristics of diet in atherosclerosis, and how to cure it? These and other questions

consider the following.
What is atherosclerosis and atherosclerotic plaque?

Atherosclerotic plaques is called specific deposits formed on the inner walls of arterial vessels under the action of certain diseases, poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle. How plaque is formed and what it is?

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  • Fatty stains. The appearance on the walls of arteries deposits of cholesterol in the form of discreet spots.
  • Liposcelis. On the surface of cholesterol plaque particles appear connective tissue, catching the platelets and fibrin from the bloodstream. There is a possibility of separation of the thrombus and occlusion of they vessel in the brain (stroke).
  • Atherocalcinosis. On the surface of the thrombus deposited particles of calcium salts, the plaque grows and over time can clog the vessel completely (constrictive clot).
  • Diagnosis

    Suspected signs of atherosclerosis can ordinary therapist. He also will direct the patient for further examination. Cures disease neurologist. Diagnosis of atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels is made on the basis of the following modern methods of investigation:

    • The General analysis of urine and blood.
    • Biochemistry of blood.
    • Duplex scanning of the arteries and blood vessels of the patient’s body (not the brain).
    • Ultrasound of intracranial vessels.
    • Introduction into a vessel in the brain is a special substance that helps to determine the density of the vascular wall (angiography).
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    The symptoms of atherosclerosis

    The early signs of the disease are quite diverse and manifest themselves only after a while with the increase in the thickness and density of atherosclerotic plaques. Over time the patient with atherosclerosis of brain vessels may be noted:

    • A long and exhausting migraine, alternating with short weak headaches.
    • Drowsiness.
    • Insomnia.
    • Атеросклероз сосудов головного мозга: симптомы и лечение, диета

    • Nightmares during sleep.
    • A permanent state of overexcitement accompanied by anxiety, sensitivity and suspicion.
    • Impaired memory and coordination.
    • The whirling head.
    • Difficulty swallowing solid food.
    • The roar in his ears.
    • Speech disorders (the person is «thick», says stupidity).

    The stage of the disease

    Atherosclerosis has several stages:

  • The initial stage with periodic manifestation the main symptoms and their disappearance after rest.
  • The progression is characterized by increased symptoms. The patient is inclined to overestimate their own strength and greatly irritated from failures.
  • Decompensation of the disease is marked by partial or complete loss of memory and self-help skills. The probability of full or partial paralysis and stroke is extremely high.
  • Transient ischemic attack or minor stroke is a condition in symptoms similar to a stroke but lasting from several hours to 1 day.
  • Ischemic stroke occurs when a complete stenosis of the atherosclerotic plaque lumen vessel of the brain, causing the death of some part of the brain cells due to oxygen starvation.
  • Hemorrhagic stroke occurs approximately in one third of cases and characterized by swiftness. A feature of this complication is the rupture of the vessel wall due to its blockage, causing the blood goes directly to the brain. Symptoms of hemorrhagic and ischemic types of stroke are similar in many ways, so their diagnosis is very difficult.
  • Risk factors

    The factors provoking the emergence and growth of atherosclerotic plaques in the Lumina of blood vessels, doctors believe:

    • sedentary lifestyle;
    • lack of fresh air;
    • frequent stress;
    • a long depression;
    • poor nutrition, obesity;
    • Smoking;
    • hypertension.
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    Than to treat atherosclerosis?

    Treatment of atherosclerosis should be comprehensive and include drug therapy, diet and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. In severe cases (strokes) possible interference of the surgeon. Medication for atherosclerosis (the choice of drug and exact dosage is performed exclusively by the attending physician!):

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    • Statins are used for reducing the concentration of «bad» cholesterol in the blood and softening of atherosclerotic plaques.
    • Fibrates are drugs that control the level of triglycerides in the blood.
    • The derivatives of nicotinic acid to reduce the concentration of triglycerides.
    • Antiplatelet agents thin the blood, accelerate the blood flow, not allowed to form thrombi.
    • Medication group of the bile acid resins are a kind of resin, linking animal fats in the small intestine, preventing their absorption.
    • Antihypertensive drugs are assigned to patients with atherosclerosis to normalize and lower blood pressure. This group of drugs important to drink regularly, strictly at the same time, otherwise there is a risk of stroke.
    • Vitamins a, b, C – secondary therapy for lifting immunity.
    • Receiving sedation elevated anxiety and severe stress.

    Атеросклероз сосудов головного мозга: симптомы и лечение, диета
    Radical treatment of atherosclerosis is surgical removal of the plaques located in the main blood vessels of the brain. Operations are conducted in two ways:

  • Endarterectomy – removal of thrombus from the lumen of the vessel open method (dissection of the skin, vascular walls, scraping plaque, the layered stitching on all fabrics).
  • Removal of an atherosclerotic plaque with an endoscope. Device with a stent on the end is put into a large vessel, leading to blockage. Then a stent (a kind of prosthesis of the vessel) is installed in the place of narrowing and restores local blood supply.
  • Non-drug treatment of atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels is as follows:

  • Regular sports, gymnastics in the morning.
  • Daily exposure to the outdoors (Hiking at least one hour).
  • The adoption of oxygen baths.
  • The use of oxygen cocktail daily.
  • Daily sleep for 8 hours daily rest at least one hour.
  • Maintaining normal blood pressure levels.
  • Complete cessation of Smoking.
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    Diet for patients with atherosclerosis

    This power system was developed by dietitians for patients with atherosclerosis to get rid of «harmful» cholesterol in the blood and removing cholesterol plaques on the inner walls of blood vessels and arteries. Diet are allowed to use and healthy to people at risk, with little relief in order to prevent disease. What to eat patients with atherosclerosis:

    • White wheat, rye bread, crackers from it app cookies, nesdobnoe pastries, bread from wheat flour with added bran.
    • A variety of light soups.
    • Lean beef, veal, chicken, Turkey, rabbit – all in a baked or boiled.
    • All varieties of fish without restrictions (but the preference it is recommended to give low-fat white varieties), seafood.
    • Beets, potatoes, squash, zucchini, broccoli, cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, lettuce, carrots, eggplant, green beans.
    • Low-fat dairy products: milk 1%, cheese 3% (occasionally allowed 9%), yogurt 2.5% fat-free cheeses to 17%, low-fat sour cream as condiments (15%).
    • Buckwheat, oatmeal, barley and millet.
    • Unlimited egg white, the yolks a week are allowed to eat no more than 2 pieces.
    • Vegetable oil is unlimited, the butter you can eat 5 – 10 grams per day.
    • All of the fruit.

    What patients are strictly prohibited:

    • Baking.
    • Legumes, mushrooms, sorrel, spinach, radish, radish.
    • Fatty meats: duck, goose, pork, offal.
    • Sausage and sausage products, ham, smoked products.
    • Canned foods, fast food, snacks.
    • Fish eggs, oily fish limited.
    • The yolk of chicken eggs to 2 a week.
    • Fatty dairy products.
    • Mustard, pepper, hot sauces and spices.
    • Ice cream (only diet – very limited), cocoa, chocolate, confectionery.
    • Strong black and green tea, cocoa, coffee (fully banned).
    • Alcoholic beverages.