Bleeding during early pregnancy
Despite the fact that discharge of blood from the vagina will scare any future mom, found the phenomenon of one out of every four pregnant women, with half of cases with this symptom do end in miscarriage. It should be noted that bleeding in the first trimester is the safest for pregnant woman and for the baby.
In some women the blood is throughout the carrying a child, others only during the certain period of time. In addition, the amount of discharge is also different: the bleeding can be small and quite abundant. The first thing you need to do with the appearance of these symptoms — contact your gynecologist. Whenever the bleeding was coming from, and whatever it was (even a little spotting is a reason to worry), it will be identified as a threatened miscarriage.
Particularly worry women with a negative rhesus factor, or those who did not do such an analysis. The fact is that if the mother is RH negative and baby is positive, it is likely that the pregnant woman’s body will reject the fetus. The most dangerous such as in the second and subsequent pregnancies. If you think you have this pathology, be sure to consult the gynecologist for three days.
Causes of bleeding in early pregnancy
One of the most common reasons for the presence of blood in the first weeks of pregnancy is implantation. The so-called process of attachment of fertilized egg to the uterine wall. When the zygote embeds itself in the mucous membrane (endometrium) of the uterus, it can hurt small blood vessel which is bleeding.
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Implantation occurs somewhere in the 25 – to 28 days menstrual cycle, that is, when a woman, not knowing about her «interesting condition» waiting period. In order not to confuse menstruation with implantation bleeding, it is often simply pay attention to the profusion of the discharge. If you have your period, then in abundance they are no different from the previous, with the implant same amount of blood is usually reduced. In addition, the number of days also reduced to one or two, and gain bleeding on the second or third day (usually during menstruation) does not occur.
Breakthrough bleeding during pregnancy occurs due to hormonal disruption of the menstrual cycle. It is also much less abundant, as what occurs due to implantation. However, the reason lies not in the attachment of the embryo, and in consequence of this — women have hormonal changes, there may be some hormonal disorders, which secretes blood.
For breakthrough bleeding is characterized by the fact that it can be observed not only in the early stages, but later, almost to the beginning of the second trimester. This is the most common reason why some women are not aware of the «interesting position» mid-life childbearing. Exactly the same as implantation, breakthrough bleeding is not a pathology and does not require special intervention.
As for the pathological causes of bleeding during pregnancy, should pay special attention to inflammation and infection of the cervix and cervical canal. In the presence of such diseases even a small traumatic factors (intimacy, examination by gynecologist, excessive exercise, etc) can cause spotting bleeding from the vagina.
One of the typical cases, cervical erosion, which is the damage of the endometrium of the body, both congenital and acquired during life. Erosion is often asymptomatic, although sometimes it may appear bleeding and pain. Pathology does not affect the gestation of the child’s health or birth process. Most gynecologists agree that to treat illness during pregnancy is not necessary.
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As for infectious processes, the situation is much more serious. Similar lesions seriously affect the health of the fetus, and often on its viability. If untreated, the pathology most often ends in miscarriage. It is best to cure the infection during pregnancy planning, if the «interesting position» arose not planned, it is necessary as soon as possible to treat the disease.
The most serious cause of bleeding during pregnancy is the threat of interruption. The biggest part of miscarriages occurs in the first month, most often when a woman even does not suspect that will be the mother. Among other possible reasons for this symptom are:
- polyps of the cervical canal;
- drug addiction;
- pathology of the uterine structure;
- hormonal imbalances;
- infection if exacerbation of chronic diseases;
- lack of the hormone of pregnancy;
- ectopic pregnancy and others.
Is it possible to save the pregnancy when bleeding in the first trimester?
The most dangerous are genetic abnormalities in the fetus. In this case, the effect of natural selection — the mother’s body simply rejects the non-viable cells. Most often miscarried in such cases, takes place after the death of a child, so even medical intervention will be ineffective, and maintain the pregnancy will not succeed. In 60% of cases termination of pregnancy cause a genetic disease. It is important that they do not affect the ability of women to conceive and give birth to a healthy baby in the future.
The continuation of the pregnancy may depending on what stage of rejection of the child is a woman. About early miscarriage is characterised by strong cramping pain and profuse bleeding. In this case, it is necessary to call an ambulance, and only when competent assistance possible favorable outcome. Otherwise, there are a number of complications, including death.
Do not self-medicate! Remember that the only timely treatment to the doctor will be able to help you carry and give birth to a healthy baby.