Blood from the nose every day: causes
Nosebleeds happen at least once in life each person. Often a bloody nose is not in any doubt about the health and is regarded as a «reaction vessel for something». But if such bleeding bother you every day, you should think and conduct a thorough examination, because this condition can be a cause of serious disease in the body.
The reasons that may occur nasal bleeding
Blood pressure above normal. The connection is very simple. When the figures of pressure in the vessel exceeds the norm, this means that the blood vessels are constricted, including in the head. The combination of symptoms epistaxis and hypertension increases the risk of stroke, so if you have this condition need to undergo additional screening.
It often happens that blood flows because of the withering away (atrophy) of the upper layer of the mucous membrane of the nasal passages (epithelium) that is in contact with air. This happens if often use vasoconstrictive drops. The mucous membrane of the nose becomes thinner, it becomes very fragile. Any damage leads to rupture of the vessel and bleeding.
In malignant tumors in the nasal cavity, bleeding from the nose, along with symptoms such as headache, foreign body sensation in the nose and the different discharges. It can be benign (polyps, hemangioma) and malignant. In any case, do not delay, if there is some sort of growth in the nose, especially if he’s bleeding.
URTI and rhinitis lead to thinning and drying of the nasal mucosa and fragility of blood vessels. These factors lead to frequent nose bleeding.
Hormonal disorders in the body (e.g. at puberty or during pregnancy). It should be noted that often bleeding from the nasal cavity pregnant can be a sign of hypertension, which can lead to hypoxia (oxygen starvation) of the fetus, placental abruption, miscarriage or premature birth.
Collagenosis (SLE, scleroderma) is a disease of autoimmune nature, which cause damage to connective tissue (including vessels). Vascular walls become very fragile.
Hypo — or avitaminosis of vitamin C. it is known that this vitamin is involved in strengthening the vascular wall. So with its lack of blood vessels become fragile, there are nasal or gingival bleeding.
Pathology blood clotting. This pathology can be classified as congenital deficiency of coagulation factors (hemophilia, for example) or acquired deficiency of vitamin K, thrombocytopenia (reduction of platelets in the blood), lack of calcium and so on.
Why pour out of his nose in a child?
Children have frequent nosebleeds associated with some features of the anatomy of the nose. They have more fragile blood vessel walls, they are closer to the surface of the mucosa than in adults. Therefore, any inflammatory process, injury, or dryness of the mucosa may lead to bleeding. In addition to the reasons encountered in adults, in children, nosebleeds can occur in the following cases:
- Adenoid vegetation. By themselves, the adenoids do not cause the rupture of blood vessels, but they impede the free movement of air, comes the stuffy nose, dryness of the mucosa and, consequently, the bleeding.
- Frequent picking your nose or getting a foreign body in the nasal passages. This leads to mucosal trauma and blood vessels.
- «Retreatment» – when parents try to treat every case of the runny nose vasoconstrictor drops, or introduction of any tampons with drugs in the nose. This leads to drying of the mucous membrane of the nasal passages.
- Dry indoor air causes the same changes in the mucous membrane that was described above. To prevent this, conduct daily airing and wet cleaning.