Blood sugar 7: what does it mean?
Today is an obligatory condition for people over 40 years it is blood sugar (glucose). The results of the analysis can be judged on how carbohydrate metabolism in the body. If the analysis is normal, do not worry. When the level of sugar should pass additional tests, sometimes to take decisive steps to prevent diabetes.
In some cases, you need to know the blood sugar?
The most common symptom, confirming a higher content of sugar (glucose) in the blood is constant thirst. Also often appear inexplicable itching skin, the increase in the content of urine (polyuria). All of these can be signs of incipient diabetes. But it could be such an option when the disease does not manifest itself in the form of symptoms, then the blood sugar will in time help to establish the diagnosis and prevent serious complications. Therefore, it is recommended to undergo annual screening for glucose content in the blood.
In some cases, the sugar level may exceed the norm?
Not always said about hyperglycemia in diabetes mellitus. Sometimes it’s just a protective reaction of the organism and the release of nutrients into the blood.
- Regular use of certain drugs (corticosteroids, hormonal contraceptives, antidepressants).
- Heavy physical work or sports stress (exercise).
- Mental stress (exams, tests). It is believed that the brain more than other organs needs glucose.
- The violation of adrenal function.
- Infectious diseases, when the body overall the metabolism.
- Repetitive stresses, anxiety, threat to life (accidents, earthquake, flood).
- Diseases of the hypothalamus or pituitary glands, which control all the metabolic processes and hormonal changes in the body.
If blood sugar 7, what does that mean?
Screening examination of patients is carried out on an empty stomach. If the value of glucose within 3,3 – 5,5 mmol/l exhibited a conclusion. If the above glucose of 5.6 but below 7.1 mmol/l, repeat the analysis and pass an additional examination, it may be a sign of prediabetes or impaired glucose tolerance. If this level exceeds 7.0 mmol/l, then conduct additional tests.
One of these tests is the analysis with the sample of «sugar load» (glucose tolerance test). After determining the fasting glucose levels the patient is asked to drink a sugar solution and then after 2 hours, the analysis is repeated. The conditions for the proper conduct glucose tolerance test:
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The results of the test exhibited a diagnosis. At the level of 7.5 mmol/l – the norm, the level of 7,5 – 11,0 mmol/l is an indicator of prediabetes, and levels above 11.1 mmol/l are saying about diabetes in a patient. There are two variants of the results. If fasting level is within normal limits, and after test exceeds it, it is impaired glucose tolerance. If on the contrary, fasting glucose is higher than normal and after the test – within normal values, it is impaired fasting glycaemia.
Both of the diagnosis relate to the condition of pre-diabetes are reversible. When properly adjusted lifestyle can prevent or delay the appearance of diabetes. It all depends on the patient and his willingness to change lifestyle.
What to do if glucose level is not included in the normal range?
If we are talking about prediabetes, when blood sugar 8 or 9 mmol/l, you should get advice from endocrinologist and nutritionist. With such indicators the body gives to understand that carbohydrate metabolism is already compromised and the patient is on the border with diabetes. To reduce the likelihood of developing diabetes patients are advised:
- To normalize the weight. If it is elevated, it is necessary to establish diet with all the rules. This can help dietitian. The basis of all recommendations of nutritionists at prediabetes is the exception to dairy food, since it is a strong stimulator of the release of insulin into the blood. It is also recommended to exclude the products in the decay which rapidly produce glucose in large quantities. These include dates, watermelon, pineapples, raisins, honey, potatoes, zucchini, pumpkin, oat and rice cereals, pasta, flour, beef liver, butter and mayonnaise. In the diet of people at risk may include meat, poultry, fish, eggs (protein), greens, vegetables, wholemeal bread. Diet must be observed until the return of weight, numbers of glucose and insulin to normal. Then the diet can be gradually expanded.
- Physical activity safe and even beneficial to those people who have no comorbidity. Recommended fitness, swimming, horse riding, Cycling, Jogging.
- People burdened with heredity (that have relatives with diabetes), with hypertension or signs of atherosclerosis are already so sugar levels are assigned to the hypoglycemic agents (eg, drugs of Metformin, such as Siofor and Glucophage).