Cardiovascular dystonia: symptoms and treatment

Cardiovascular dystonia is a disorder which manifests itself as the whole complex of disorders of the cardiovascular system on the background malfunction of the autonomic NS. In connection with the etiology of this violation in medicine is called «dystonia». It should not be considered as a separate disease, but rather as a complex syndrome, which manifests as a change in the operation of the whole organism.


Among the major causal factors of cardiovascular dystonia include the following:

  • heredity (corresponding disorders manifest in childhood);
  • damage to the Central and peripheral NS (mainly the hypothalamus and brain stem);
  • chronic diseases of the endocrine system;
  • overwork and the effect of chronic stress.

Cardiovascular manifestations of dystonia may be registered as children and in adulthood.

Clinical features

Depending on the disorders in the cardiovascular system, dystonia klassificeret into 4 types:

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  • cardiac;
  • hypertensive;
  • hypotensive;
  • mixed dystonia.

Cardiac type of dystonia is manifested by disruption of the heart, arrhythmias, and feeling short of breath. Patients complain of prolonged pain in the heart area, which are blunt or acute. Pain syndrome typically occurs after emotional stress and is not associated with physical work.

Pain resemble in the clinical course of angina, but no signs of myocardial ischemia, and the administration of Nitroglycerin or other koronarolitikov (drugs that dilate the coronary vessels) is ineffective and does not affect pain. Often the appeals are combined with lethargy, sleep disorders, bad moods and General weakness.

Among arrhythmias that are characteristic of cardiovascular dystonia, mainly recorded tachycardia, bradycardia, or arrhythmia.

Tachycardia is an accelerated contraction of the heart (more than 90 beats per minute). It is accompanied by heaviness in the chest, excessive sweating. Possible shortness of breath and dizziness.

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Bradycardia, on the contrary, is characterized by slower heart rate when reducing of the myocardium do not exceed 60 beats per minute. Patients experiencing pronounced weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath. Symptoms of TMJ can also include short-term blurred vision, confusion or fainting.
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Arrythmia is a extraordinary reduction in all of heart or a separate area of the myocardium. During this violation, there is a feeling a strong impulse to the heart or fading, registers the lack of air and increased anxiety. Prolonged arrhythmia can be broken coronary and cerebral blood flow, leading to angina, syncope and development of temporary paresis.

Hypertonic dystonia manifested by intermittent irregular blood pressure. While hypertension does not exceed 170/95 mm Hg. article Increased blood pressure accompanied by headaches, especially in the neck, tinnitus, pronounced heartbeat and dizziness. Also characteristic of cardiac pain, pressing, aching or pricking character.

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Hypotensive dystonia is characterized by decrease in blood pressure in the bloodstream. It is pain in the chest, headache, dizziness, increased sweating, swelling, and cold extremities, increased irritability, and severe weakness.

Mixed type of cardiovascular dystonia combines various disorders of the heart and changes the HELL. Possible sharp deterioration of the General condition of the patient who needs hospital therapy.


It should consist of two stages – drug and non-drug therapy. First of all, it is necessary to rationalize the lifestyle, adequate sleep, avoid stress and normalize physical activity. It is also important to treat all existing chronic diseases that can affect the autonomic NS.

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Often, patients are assigned physiotherapy and therapeutic exercise. In addition, it is recommended to undergo psychotherapy, which has a positive effect on emotional state. A positive result gives the plant-based tonics on the basis of ginseng, Chinese Magnolia vine.

Drug therapy includes the administration of antiarrhythmic drugs (b-blockers or M-holinoblokatorov, depending on the type of cardiac rhythm disorders). In hypertensive dystonia use of medications that lower blood pressure. Frequently prescribed ACE inhibitors (e.g. enalapril). Can be prescribed sedatives or antidepressants. In the case of hypotonia is recommended to take nootropic agents (e.g., Fezam or Piracetam), that improve blood circulation and promote better absorption of oxygen in the tissues.

When expressed anxiety use tranquilizers. They normalize psycho-emotional state of patients and improve sleep and at the right dosage eliminate cardiac symptoms of dystonia, especially tachycardia. In cases where cardiovascular dystonia develops on the background of hormonal disorders, in the complex treatment including special medication for replacement therapy.

For successful treatment it is important to eat right. If you register dystonia on hypertonic type, it is important to limit the consumption of coffee, alcohol, salt and increase the amount of foods that contain potassium and magnesium (eggplant, grapes, cheese, buckwheat, greens, baked potatoes, apricots and wheat germ).

In the presence of dystonia, which is accompanied by low pressure, is not allowed starvation. In this case, it is recommended to increase the amount of fluids you drink during the day to 1.5 liters, products with a high content of vitamin C, which has obstensively properties, as well as such spices as ginger, cinnamon, turmeric, or chili (in the absence of diseases of the digestive system). To produce the right menu, it is advisable to consult with a nutritionist.

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