Cure tachycardia: pills, medicines that make?
Tachycardia is a condition in which there is increased heart rate to a level higher than normal (60 – 80 beats per minute at rest). The status of the heartbeat known to all people: as a rule, it is accompanied by redness of the skin, feeling of fever and other signs of activation of sympathoadrenal system. Well, when tachycardia occurs as an adequate short adaptive response to changes in the external environment. Then she runs out soon. But if the heartbeat is observed for no reason, what to take with tachycardia?
In itself, the heartbeat that occurs without apparent cause, can be a symptom of a number of diseases and pathological conditions of the endocrine and other body systems. It is known that tachycardia may be a sign of hyperthyroidism, pheochromocytoma (tumor of the adrenal cortex). Similar symptoms occur with dystonia.
It is important to remember that conducting system of the heart is organized on «many levels». Those familiar beats that we hear and determine the pulse, occur in the main pacemaker – predserdno sinus node. Therefore, this rhythm is called the sinus, and an increase in the frequency of excitation of this node in the preservation of all of the lower parts is called sinus tachycardia.
If excited started the lower divisions of the heart, then there are more severe disorders – supraventricular, ventricular tachycardia form. The most severe form in which the inevitable death within a few minutes is the flicker of the ventricles: their separate chaotic fibers begin to shrink, but total reduction does not occur, so this condition is equivalent to cardiac arrest and clinical death.
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Pharmacotherapy increasing the frequency of excitation of the sinus node
Treatment of tachycardia begins with preventive measures. Before giving the patient a cure of the tachycardia, are trying to cope with the heartbeat non-drug ways:
- exclude the use of stimulating drinks (coffee, tea, Cola);
- exclude the use of alcohol (including beer), Smoking;
- limit spices, spicy, stimulating food;
- normalize sleep;
- limit the consumption of aged cheese, chocolate – these substances can provoke palpitations.
In addition, the patient with tachycardia is carried out an ECG and ultrasound of the heart. Treatment for sinus tachycardia you can apply the following over-the-counter drugs, which have a slight sedative effect, soothing and helps to normalize heart rate in functional disorders:
- Corvalol (valocordin). May be dissolved under the tongue while taking the pills or is used in the form of drops (20 – 40).
- Fotosidan (herbal tea containing mint, motherwort, Valerian).
- Persen Forte capsules (1 capsule 3 times a day);
- Novo-Passit. Best consumed in the form of syrup.
These combined herbal drugs in most cases, you can drink regardless of meals, 2 – 3 times a day for 7 – 10 days. Sometimes it turns out that the patient has anemia, which manifests itself in the form of tachycardia. In this case, the increased heart rate is compensatory, it promotes greater oxygen transfer for the same period of time compared with the usual frequency. In this case, are appointed by Antianemic drugs, as well as iron tablets – «Aflubin».
If the heartbeat is a secondary symptom of the disease (e.g., hyperthyroidism), there shall be more serious drugs – beta-blockers.
Blockers are drugs that are accepted in a number of a variety of diseases. One of the main indications is hypertension and increased heart rate.
The classical representative of this group is Inderal (propranolol). It is well reduces heart rate, lowers blood pressure. But it can be taken only with the prescription of a physician, as beta-blockers have many side effects (eg, bronchospasm), so they should not be prescribed to patients with bronchial asthma and other obstructive lesions of the lungs. In these cases, it is possible to use calcium antagonists for example Verapamil.
In severe cases, chronic congestive heart failure with blockers can be used cardiac glycosides (strofantin, digoxin), which increases the force of ventricular contractions.
Treatment of other forms of tachycardia
If tachycardia developed in the structures, which took on the function of the sinus node (ventricular tachycardia), the situation is urgent. The symptoms are the following:
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- anxiety, palpitations;
- feeling of compression in the chest, «lump» in the throat;
- the darkening of the eyes, sudden weakness and nausea;
- blanching of the skin.
What are you taking? You need to call cardiomegaly «ambulance», which will record an ECG. You can drink soothing drops, for example, Corvalol. In the case of confirmation of the diagnosis of ventricular tachycardia are assigned serious antiarrhythmic: Quinidine, Lidocaine, Cordarone, Ajmaline, Procainamide, and others. If you can’t stop an attack on the call, the patient is transported on a stretcher in the cardiology Department, where he provides comprehensive assistance.
No need to repeat that these anti-arrhythmic remedies are not only powerful, but highly specialized drugs, and not every therapist will have the knowledge to assign them to the patient. Therefore, treatment of these types of arrhythmias conducts cardiologist, cardiologist and emergency physician or physician-aritmology.
In conclusion, it should be noted that sinus tachycardia can and should develop under transient load, e.g. when doing sports. In this case the worry should not be. But an important indicator of the health of the body is the ability to bounce back after the termination of the enhanced load. If, after loading for a long time concerned about the shortness of breath and palpitations, this may indicate the disruption of adaptation mechanisms. In this case, you need to see a doctor, even if no more worries.