Diet after heart attack for men and women
In myocardial infarction the body is on the verge of death. No wonder that after a successful cure doctors recommend radically change the way of life for both men and women.
After stenting of the heart arteries after heart attacks and strokes it is necessary to observe the limitation of physical activity, providing a gradual increase in body burden with constant medical supervision. The same principle can also be seen in the diet postinfarction patients. What can I eat after myocardial infarction, and what are the principles of diet cores?
The main methods of rehabilitation
After the transfer of heart attack patients need to completely change the lifestyle and habits for the healthier. Doctors recommend:
Tip: replace the usual large flat plate with small bowls – so the portions seem much larger.
Diet after heart attack
Meals patient should be strictly balanced. The exact menu can be clarified with the physician or medical staff. The basic principle of supply after a heart attack is considered complete exclusion from the diet of salt a significant limitation, the daily volume consumed by the patient of a liquid.
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What you can eat in the first week after a heart attack?
In the acute period, the food should be fractional (with up to 8 meals per day). There is need in very small quantities and only puréed or liquid food without salt:
- boiled or steamed low-fat fish, beef, chicken, rabbit;
- white crackers from nesdobnoe bread;
- boiled eggs;
- dairy products (fat content 3%);
- various boiled porridge;
- vegetable soups (pureed or passed through a blender).
What are the characteristics of nutrition in the second and third week after the transfer of myocardial infarction?
In the subacute period it is advisable to attach to the above menu the first week a few new dishes (still no added sodium chloride and sea salt):
- oven baked fish and meat;
- vegetables and fruits without heat treatment, not chopped in the blender.
What are the principles of diet in the period of scarring and after it?
After 3 to 4 weeks after myocardial infarction, a period of scarring of the wounds (for men this time can be slightly reduced). Come into force the following restrictions:
- smaller meals (5 to 6 times a day);
- eating a day not more than 5 grams of salt;
- you can drink not more than 1 litre of fluid a day (juice, tea, juice, soup and soup count too!);
- limited daily intake of protein (0.4 kg of chicken, fish or meat or 0.6 kg of cheese) is intended to protect the body from excessive load.
What you can eat during the scarring?
During the scarring can be eaten the following products:
- dried apricots, prunes, raisins (rich in potassium, essential for proper recovery of the heart muscle);
- seafood (contain herself heart iodine);
- berries and fruits in any form (mashed, baked, fresh);
- vegetable puree and all the vegetables in any form, except fried;
- whole wheat bread, bran (you can add them to cakes, kefir or yogurt in jelly);
- fruit juice, jelly, natural fruit drinks, brewed rose hips;
- weak green or black tea;
- milk soup;
- porridge (for obesity should restrict their use);
- vegetable oil;
- butter (limited, not more than 20 – 25g per day);
- a variety of sauces (spicy and fatty condiments to the dishes banned);
- diet sweets (the doctor’s opinion about any product).
You need to ban or restrict?
Infarction in the first few weeks is completely banned and later allowed in very small doses the following foods:
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- strong meat and fish broths;
- fried foods;
- rye and black bread, croutons from it;
- some sweet fruits (bananas, grapes, dried dates);
- butter cakes, store-bought and homemade cakes, pastries, cookies, buns;
- smoked products, sausages, sausages;
- preserved foods: fish, meat, vegetables, fruit, jam (with the exception of home preservation without chemical additives);
- fatty dairy products (more than 3% fat it is impossible);
- some varieties of vegetable crops (cabbage, peas, radishes, beans, chickpeas);
- the yolks of chicken eggs (weekly authorized to use up to 2 pieces, but it is desirable to do without them);
- bacon, butter, heavy cream and mayonnaise sauces;
- hard cheese;
- alcoholic beverages;
- store-bought ice cream;
- ostrosti, spicy condiments;
- cocoa, chocolate, chocolate candy, energy drinks;
- coffee, strong black tea.
Adherence to diet is a lifelong recommendation for patients with myocardial infarction. It is important to maintain vitality and prevent recurrent relapses and serious complications such as congestive heart failure, diabetes and strokes.