Dystonia of cerebral vessels: symptoms and treatment

Dystonia of cerebral vessels is a disorder of the autonomic nervous system, in which the organs and tissues in insufficiently supplied with oxygen. The disease occurs in adults (70 %) and children (25 %). Males suffer from this disease more often than women.

 

Symptoms

Symptoms of dystonia in cerebral are different. This state is one of the manifestations vascular dystonia.

The disease manifests itself:

  • Intracranial pressure.
  • Disorders of the nervous system — irritability, tearfulness. Sick and dizzy, possible muscle twitching (tics). Characterized by the appearance of tinnitus, suffers from sleep, there is unsteadiness of gait.
  • The pressure fluctuations upward or downward.
  • With puffiness of face and swelling of the eyelids.
  • Nausea, and sometimes vomiting.
  • Fatigue, General weakness, decreased performance.
  • The causes of the disease

    In children, dystonia is formed due to the mismatch between the speed of development maturity level of the neuro-hormonal system, as well as if there is a genetic predisposition.

    In adults the causes of the disease are:

  • The depletion of the body due to intoxication, injuries or previously transferred infectious diseases.
  • Sleep disorders, which appear early awakening in the morning, difficult, long falling asleep or insomnia.
  • Melancholy, depressed mood, constant fatigue.
  • Improper diet, unhealthy food.
  • The absence of motor activity or, conversely, too active way of life.
  • The imbalance of hormones in the period of carrying a child and menopause, and puberty in adolescents.
  • Endocrine disorders.
  • The presence of harmful habits.
  • Compression of neck vessels osteochondrosis, causing the blood flow to the brain is disrupted.
  • A sudden change of climate or time zone.
  • Poor environment of the region.
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    Diagnosis and treatment of the disease

    To establish such a diagnosis as dystonia of the blood vessels of the brain, you need to consult a neurologist, therapist, surgeon, endocrinologist, cardiologist. These experts will help to exclude organic disease and to confirm or refute the presence of vascular dystonia.

    In the diagnostic process is conducted such surveys:

  • Urine and blood tests.
  • Functional examination included ECG, duplex scanning of vessels of head and neck; may need a transcranial Doppler.
  • Radiography of the spine (neck) of the skull.
  • In some cases, can not do without imaging (CT and MRI).
  • Drug therapy of vascular dystonia involves the use of various groups of drugs to improve the functioning of the autonomic nervous system. These include:

  • Soothing preparations containing barbiturates, bromides, Valerian and hawthorn.
  • Remedies to improve blood circulation in the brain.
  • Drugs affecting the autonomic and Central nervous system — antidepressants, antipsychotics, hypnotics, nootropics, stimulants based on caffeine.
  • Can also be used vitamin supplements, antioxidants, diuretics, calcium supplements, adaptogens with extract of Siberian ginseng, Schizandra, ginseng.
  • To reduce the excitability of the autonomic nervous system and improve the process, doctors prescribe Glycine. This amino acid contributes to the improvement of metabolic processes in the brain. The result asthenoneurotic component of dystonia is not so pronounced.
  • As a complement to the treatment of vascular dystonia showing massage, acupuncture, herbal medicine, physiotherapy and hydrotherapy.

    As rehabilitation when the disease can be used rest and treatment in sanatorium.

    If the patient was diagnosed with vascular dystonia, doctors recommend:

  • To respect the day. Each day a person should sleep at least eight hours. Sound sleep helps to normalize blood pressure.
  • Often ventilate the room in which you sleep. Alternate physical and mental stress. How you can spend less time at the computer. Not less than two hours a day to walk on air.
  • Exercise, swimming, Cycling, skiing, skating. During training to avoid exercise with the range of movement of the head and torso, sharp turns.
  • To harden. Spend every day wiping the body with a damp towel. To perform massage, take a contrast shower. Will benefit coniferous-salt and radon baths.
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    Such recommendations are suitable and for dystonia.

    Success in the treatment of the disease largely depends on the emotional state of the patient. Develop rules of relaxation, take part in autotreninga, use the methods of psychological relief.

    The consequences of the disease

    As a rule, the disease in the initial stage is not detrimental to health and leads to serious consequences. However, the symptoms interfere with normal work and learning, cause anxiety and fatigue.

    Disease in the chronic form, runs hard, and in the absence of proper treatment can lead to the development of hypertension, coronary artery disease and subsequently stroke and myocardial infarction.

    Timely and proper treatment is the key to success. After the therapy in 90% of cases, symptoms disappear, normalized sleep and appetite, restores the body’s adaptive ability.