Elevated blood sugar: causes, how to treat
Elevated blood sugar is called hyperglycemia. It is a mistake to believe that the development of this condition is always associated with diabetes. There are some other reasons leading to the increase in the concentration of glucose in the blood.
In norm concentration of sugar in capillary blood on an empty stomach should be within 3,3 – 5,5 mmol/l. If more sugar – this is the pathology called hyperglycemia. This condition is accompanied by characteristic symptoms:
- Excessive thirst.
- Shortness of urination.
- Strong fatigue.
- By blurred vision.
- Itching of the skin.
In severe cases (if there has been a significant and sharp increase in sugar concentration) possible loss of consciousness and even coma. Prolonged hyperglycemia in patients having indolent infectious diseases, often caused by conditionally pathogenic flora (e.g., candidiasis), poorly healing wounds, reduced body mass, reduced skin sensitivity, distorted vision, etc.
Why increases the concentration of glucose in the blood?
The reasons for the increase in blood sugar is very diverse. For example, temporary hyperglycemia (once identified) can be caused by:
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- Overeating (especially the abuse of food rich in easily digestible carbohydrates).
- Pain syndrome.
- Large blood loss.
If hyperglycemia is detected constantly, you should look for other causes. Most often it is, of course, diabetes of the first or second type, or gestational diabetes. However, in addition to diabetes, to cause a prolonged increase in sugar can also vitamin deficiencies (especially a lack of Biotin), adrenal disease (when blood a large amount of hormones, causing hyperglycemia). In addition, hyperglycemia may be the result of adverse actions taken by the man of medicines. The child surpasses the concentration of glucose found in diabetes mellitus (type) and less – infectious disease.
Thus, hyperglycemia may develop due to variety of reasons. Therefore, in order to establish authentically, what it does, you should consult your endocrinologist and tested. For example, the diagnosis «diabetes» bet only if you define a repeated increase in blood glucose. If the analysis is bad, but other times the sugar is not elevated, it is advisable to look for some other causes of this condition. In addition, you should conduct a test of tolerance to glucose, allowing to diagnose prediabetes.
How to treat hyperglycemia?
You can never determine hyperglycemia «by eye». You should first check the level of sugar in the blood, and only then to start treatment. People suffering from diabetes should have at home portable blood glucose meter because of health deterioration can occur at any time, and indeed regular determination of the concentration of glucose in the blood is a major component of self-control is an important measure in the treatment of disorders of carbohydrate metabolism. For an emergency (severe hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia in patients with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) used insulin preparations. In all other cases it is necessary to find the cause of developed status and influence primarily for her. Hyperglycemia that occurs after eating, no adjustments generally do not require and passes through some time (of course, if people begin to limit yourself to sweet).
Treatment of folk remedies
In addition to insulin injections, there are traditional methods of normalization of sugar (they are given here only for acquaintance, as their effectiveness has not been tested, and in situations with hyperglycemia any delay in the delivery of health care can have a lot of negative consequences):
- A decoction of the pods of beans.
- Infusion and partitions of the walnuts.
- Drinks on basis of chicory.
- Tea made from bilberry leaves.
- Herbal preparations including St. John’s wort, burdock root, plantain leaves, blueberry, clover, mugwort, nettle, birch buds and other plants.
Diet for hyperglycemia
With increased sugar in the blood, besides medication, to normalize the indicator, it is important to observe the correct diet. The best way to fit a diet based on the therapeutic table No. 9. In accordance with the basis of the diet of a person with hyperglycemia should be:
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- Vegetables that contain carbohydrates, long absorbed in the gut. These include cabbage, zucchini, pumpkin, tomatoes, carrots, eggplant.
- Porridge – buckwheat, oatmeal.
- Pasta from durum wheat.
- Lean meat, fish (preferably boiled or baked).
- Lactic acid products.
Also can be used in a small amount of black bread (a few pieces a day), eggs (1 – 2 per day), sour berries and fruits (200 g per day), vegetable (especially useful olive) and butter, weak tea and coffee. It is contraindicated in hyperglycemia products include:
- Any sweets (except for those that are made specifically for diabetics), fizzy drinks, store juices, honey, jam, etc.
- Sweet fruits (grapes, bananas) and dried fruits (raisins, figs).
- Fatty, spicy, smoked, salted and pickled food.
To prevent the development of hyperglycemia, patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes should follow a diet regularly to check the level of glucose in the blood, to take timely hypoglycemic agents. For persons suffering from the first type of diabetes, it is important to positivity bread units taken in food, not to forget about the next insulin dose and again to keep control of the glucose level using the glucometer. The rest of the people to maintain a normal level of sugar in the body by using proper nutrition, physical activity and care about your health in General.