Elevated red blood cells: what does it mean?

The red blood cells is a group of formed elements of blood cells. They are important in the normal functioning of the whole organism. The deviation of their parameters from normal values may be a sign of a physiological process or to indicate the development of pathology. Consider the situations in which increased red blood cells should alert the patient.

Where and how are these cells?

Erythrocytes (red blood cells) is a small disc-shaped cells that contain hemoglobin. Their key function is to transport gases, they carry oxygen to tissues and remove them from the carbon dioxide. In addition, they have protective properties and derive from cells of toxic substances, and are also involved in hematopoiesis. The formation of these cells occurs in the bone marrow, ribs, and spine. In children the process of education involves separate areas of the long bones of the limbs.

Through a series of consecutive transformations of a stem cell precursor is formed, the Mature red blood cell that has no nucleus. The average duration of the existence of this cell is 3 – 4 months. After that it is destroyed in the spleen, and its remnants go to the liver and are involved in the formation of bile. In the blood there is a small number of young cells-predecessors of reticulocytes (0,3 – 1,1%).

Normal values

The number of red cells in the blood to normal depends on the gender, age, lifestyle, nutrition and other factors. In addition, the parameters of the standards can be influenced by the characteristics of the diagnostic equipment of the clinic, so a standard form of analysis along with the obtained patient data always indicate the reference values of the norm.

Hypertension in the past now?

Cardiologists risk to remain without work — hypertension now curable!

In women, intake of these cells is approximately 3.5 to 5.2 х1012 /l among men and 4.2 – to 5.8 х1012 /l, in children 3 to 4.6 х1012 /l, and the newborn – 4 – 5,5х1012 /l. Important! In the analysis of erythrocytes can be simply signed or marked by the acronym RBC (red blood cells). In the analysis of these red blood cells is not only their quantitative content, but other options:

READ  Angina: classification, symptoms and treatment
  • HGB – hemoglobin. Its concentration in the cell can be increased (erythremia), decreased (anemia), or normal (the average content of HGB in women 120 – 140 g/l and in men, respectively, 130 – 160).
  • HCT – hematocrit (volume of red blood cells to blood plasma). He goes down with massive blood loss, trauma, starvation, pregnancy, and increases with dehydration, radiation pressure and kidney problems.
  • RDW is the distribution of erythrocyte volume. May indicate anemia.
  • MCV – average volume of red blood cells. If mean corpuscular volume is elevated, then it may be a symptom of macrocytic anemia.
  • MCH – mean content of hemoglobin in the erythrocyte. Shows how many hemoglobin in one erythrocyte. Can point to the deficit and not the absorption of iron in the body.
  • MCHC – average concentration of hemoglobin in the erythrocyte.
  • All these parameters are important in diagnosing the type of anemia and the selection of proper treatment regimens. Also examine the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). It is an indicator of the General condition of the body. If the erythrocyte sedimentation rate is raised, it means that the body is an inflammatory process. In addition, ESR grows in tumors, worm infestations and allergies. Low values of ESR can be seen in the polycythemia (thickening of red blood cells and increased content of red blood cells).
    Повышенные эритроциты в крови: что это значит?

    Reasons for the increase in red blood cells

    Why, may be increased red blood cells:

  • Diseases of the blood. In case of blood cancer, polycythemia, an increased red blood cells. Also in the blood smear is found a large number of immature cells-predecessors.
  • Disease, and heart disease. If the heart is not doing its function of pumping blood, there is compensatory increased content of erythrocytes. In this way the body tries to avoid oxygen starvation.
  • Diseases of the respiratory system. If the blood is insufficiently oxygenated due to problems with the lungs, the body sends bone marrow signal about the need to increase the production of red blood cells. Asthma, diseases of the bronchi these cells are usually higher than normal.
  • Some infectious diseases (diphtheria, whooping cough, etc.). These diseases lead to breathing problems, so the content of erythrocytes increased.
  • Diseases of the liver, spleen and kidneys. In these authorities is the destruction of old erythrocytes. If they are damaged, this process of decomposition slows down.
  • Dehydration and fluid loss (diarrhea, vomiting) observed thickening of the blood, the red blood cells is relatively increased.
  • Prolonged exposure in areas with low oxygen content. The inhabitants of the highlands, where the thin air with low oxygen saturation, have an increased level of red blood cells to capture more oxygen and to saturate them with fabric. This physiologic polycythemia is a normal variant.
  • Burns and excessive sweating there is increased blood viscosity and relative polycythemia.
  • Important! During active physical activity, lack of water and stress there is a physiological increase in red blood cells, which is readily eliminated by the spleen and not even seen by the man. Frequent use of carbonated beverages or drinking chlorinated water may cause an increase in red blood cells.

    Questions for Dr.

    Question: what can cause elevated levels of red blood cells in an adult?
    Answer: Increased content of red blood cells leads to thickening of the blood, it is easier to form blood clots that can become a cause of various complications. It disrupted the work of all organs, increasing the size of the liver and spleen, malfunctions occur in the brain.
    Повышенные эритроциты в крови: что это значит?
    Question: I Have a bit overstated red blood cells. The doctor said that is a physiological process that is associated with the fact that I smoke for 20 years. What does it mean?
    Answer: It means that if you smoke in the lungs receives a large amount of carbon dioxide and other toxic substances. To handle them, the body stimulates the production of red blood cells and compensates for the lack of oxygen.

    Question: a child with a sore throat. In the analysis of blood monocytes, erythrocytes, leukocytes and increasing erythrocyte sedimentation rate. What could it be?
    Answer: you Described the signs are nonspecific. This condition is observed in tonsillitis, diphtheria, infectious mononucleosis and other diseases. To find out the cause of the disease, the child must show a doctor.

    Overcame hypertension for 1 month

    After 10 years of struggle with the disease Oleg Tabakov has told how was able to get rid of hypertension.

    Question: my father was diagnosed with the syndrome of Pickwick, when he went to the doctor about the high blood cells. What does it mean?
    Answer: This syndrome affects people with extreme degrees of obesity. They can’t do deep and fast breathing that leads to excess carbon dioxide in the blood. One of the clinical signs is an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells.

    Preventive measures

    To prevent polycythemia need to pay attention to the quality of food and water. Carbonated drinks, excessive chlorine content in the water, lack of vitamins can cause elevated red blood cells.

    In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver violated the processes of digestion of food, and a growing number of toxic substances, which are selected from cells of oxygen. This leads to oxygen starvation and to stimulate the formation of red blood cells. Timely execution of tests will help to notice blood abnormalities at the earliest stages and to take necessary measures to determine the cause and treatment of polycythemia.