False chord of the left ventricle: what is it?
The presence of additional chord of the left ventricle refers to the list of common causes of pathologic murmurs. This anomaly is most common in children and is considered to be minor, not life-threatening.
What is false chord of the left ventricle?
False chord is a little similar to the threads of the tendon structure. They contain elements of the cardiac conduction system. This is caused by the risk of flow of blood not only in physiological ways, but for these tendinous structures. In this case, it may be a rhythm disturbance of the heart. In medicine chords are usually classified depending on the location (diagonally, longitudinally or transversely), as well as their number (one chord is found approximately in 60% of cases, in other cases there are several entities).
How does false chord in the left ventricular cavity?
Most often, this diagnosis does not require any medical intervention. The child has no complaints about the state of health, he can perform physical activities fully. In this case, it is recommended to lead a normal lifestyle, only systematically visiting cardiologist to monitor the heart condition. Moreover, this problem usually withdraws, and the condition of the body becomes normal with age. Because of this false chord belongs to the category «age» pathologies.
However, in some situations the patient may experience some discomfort or even rejection on the part of the heart. For additional chord in the left ventricle characteristic of nonspecific symptoms. This means that the symptoms observed in this anomaly, also commonly found in other diseases. Accordingly, for an accurate diagnosis needs a complete and thorough diagnosis. To the likelihood of additional chord of the left ventricle include:
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- rhythm disorders of the heart: bradycardia or tachycardia (changes in heart rate), arrhythmia, etc.;
- mistimed contraction and relaxation of the heart, and it is less noticeable after physical or emotional stress;
- the presence of systolic noises auscultation is one of the signs of arrhythmia, which was mentioned earlier;
- excessive stimulation of the left ventricle;
- anomalies of the velocity of blood flow through the chambers of the heart;
- changing anatomical forms of the affected Department;
- General weakness, loss of health and fatigue.
As the anomaly itself rarely produces those or other symptoms, often there are additional chords detected only in the conduct of diagnostic procedures and examination for the presence of other pathologies of the cardiovascular system. The most modern and informative methods are considered cardiac ultrasound (sonography), echocardiography (ECHO) and Doppler examinations.
Ultrasound is used to consider the anatomical features of the heart of a child. The method allows to assess the conformity of on age norms, identify certain anomalies of its development. With the help of ultrasound we can see the presence of additional chord of the left ventricle.
Echo allows you to hear changes in the body caused by a small anomaly. In addition, this method is used to assess the impact of a false chord on the work of the left ventricle and of overall heart. Most often it is the results of the ECHO to determine the need and size of medical intervention. Doppler examination is used when you need to measure the dimensions and density of about chords, and to assess its character.
Please note that for examination of newborn children exclusively used method of echocardiography. This is because the size of the heart of a small child is not allowed to see or measure anatomical features. However, the ECHO you can still hear the noises, or other changes that may cause additional chord in the left ventricle. In the presence of changes typical for this pathology, in the conclusion of the survey, most often spelled «MARS-syndrome» («minor malformation of the heart»).
As already mentioned, most often, the inconvenience of a false chord in the ventricle, undergo with age and do not require specific treatment. It is possible to note only the General recommendations for the restoration and maintenance of health. These include:
- A balanced diet with sufficient amounts of all essential micro — and macroelements, and vitamins.
- Rational combination of work and rest.
- Therapeutic exercises, evening walks in the fresh air before bedtime.
- The adherence of the day.
- Drug therapy (physician-cardiologist).
Remember that to give a full list of recommendations for treatment can only experienced specialist, based on the state of health of your child. Do not self-medicate!