First aid for stroke
Fundamentals and principles to assist in stroke should be known to almost everyone. The disease is very dangerous and treacherous, and properly performed first aid for a stroke can save the life of a loved one and to prevent the development of severe complications.
How to detect a stroke
This disease constitutes a severe disturbance of blood supply to a certain area of the brain, which occurs due to different causes (rupture of the vessel, its blockage, etc.). To assist, you first need to know the symptoms which this pathology is evident. So, in most cases, to suspect a stroke if
The signs of a stroke are varied and depend on the species, volume and area of brain lesions. To navigate, you can ask the patient to perform simple exercises. For example, you stick out your tongue (if you stroke the tip will deviate from the middle line) or smile, then there will be paralysis of one side of the face.
Atypical manifestations of stroke
The signs of the disease are largely determined by the size and localization of the affected area of the brain. So, sometimes patients may experience the following complaints:
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- shortness of breath, breathing problems and chest pain as with heart attack;
- dry mouth and ringing in the ears;
- nausea, vomiting and abdominal discomfort;
- sharp pain in one half of the body;
- vision problems, floaters in front of eyes;
- seizures type of epilepsy;
- depression or emotional arousal.
Give a clinical example. Woman 57 years with a diagnosis of chronic heart failure rest of the family out of town. At some point, she felt a little dizzy, and blacking. In a minute all over, and she joined the feast. Family noticed her heightened arousal and emotion, but chalked it up to the joy of the holidays and the consumption of alcohol. After returning home she suddenly became ill, and she lost consciousness. Unfortunately, arrived on the scene, the doctors stated the death of the patient. Post-mortem diagnosis of massive stroke of the brain. And the first signs appeared during the holidays.
This example suggests that others need to be alert against this disease, especially for people at risk for stroke (elderly and senile age, vascular problems, etc.).
What to do before the ambulance
First aid must begin as soon as possible. First around need to call the ambulance. It is important to describe the patient’s condition and what happened to him, so the dispatcher can send a trauma team, which will be a neurologist.
Important! Don’t start to help until I called the paramedics. Even a 10 – 15 minute delay without provision of skilled care can cost the patient’s health.
While an ambulance is on its way to help stroke patients in the following ways:
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Once the professionals will arrive on the scene, one of the witnesses need a quick and extensive information to tell you what happened, what did they complain about the patient and what actions have been taken. This will help doctors to make a rough picture of what is happening and take appropriate action. Competent first aid after a stroke can be crucial prior to arrival of the resuscitation team and save the patient from death and severe complications.