First aid for stroke

Fundamentals and principles to assist in stroke should be known to almost everyone. The disease is very dangerous and treacherous, and properly performed first aid for a stroke can save the life of a loved one and to prevent the development of severe complications.

How to detect a stroke

This disease constitutes a severe disturbance of blood supply to a certain area of the brain, which occurs due to different causes (rupture of the vessel, its blockage, etc.). To assist, you first need to know the symptoms which this pathology is evident. So, in most cases, to suspect a stroke if

  • The patient begins to get sick and dizzy.
  • He can’t talk or speech becomes slurred and incomprehensible.
  • Marked memory disturbances.
  • A person ceases to coordinate their movements and do not controls the body.
  • Complains of numbness of the face, hands or feet.
  • The signs of a stroke are varied and depend on the species, volume and area of brain lesions. To navigate, you can ask the patient to perform simple exercises. For example, you stick out your tongue (if you stroke the tip will deviate from the middle line) or smile, then there will be paralysis of one side of the face.

    Atypical manifestations of stroke

    The signs of the disease are largely determined by the size and localization of the affected area of the brain. So, sometimes patients may experience the following complaints:

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    • shortness of breath, breathing problems and chest pain as with heart attack;
    • dry mouth and ringing in the ears;
    • nausea, vomiting and abdominal discomfort;
    • sharp pain in one half of the body;
    • vision problems, floaters in front of eyes;
    • seizures type of epilepsy;
    • depression or emotional arousal.
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    Give a clinical example. Woman 57 years with a diagnosis of chronic heart failure rest of the family out of town. At some point, she felt a little dizzy, and blacking. In a minute all over, and she joined the feast. Family noticed her heightened arousal and emotion, but chalked it up to the joy of the holidays and the consumption of alcohol. After returning home she suddenly became ill, and she lost consciousness. Unfortunately, arrived on the scene, the doctors stated the death of the patient. Post-mortem diagnosis of massive stroke of the brain. And the first signs appeared during the holidays.

    This example suggests that others need to be alert against this disease, especially for people at risk for stroke (elderly and senile age, vascular problems, etc.).

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    What to do before the ambulance

    First aid must begin as soon as possible. First around need to call the ambulance. It is important to describe the patient’s condition and what happened to him, so the dispatcher can send a trauma team, which will be a neurologist.

    Important! Don’t start to help until I called the paramedics. Even a 10 – 15 minute delay without provision of skilled care can cost the patient’s health.

    While an ambulance is on its way to help stroke patients in the following ways:

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  • Do not move, nothing do not move the patient. If conscious, place him on a flat surface so that the head and shoulders slightly raised.
  • If the patient is conscious, try to reassure and distract him from the ongoing conversation or story.
  • Undo the collar of the shirt, remove the tie and belt tight, i.e., provide the patient normal breathing. If it happened in the room, open the window and let the fresh air.
  • Don’t feed or water the patient. He might have damaged the nervous apparatus of the larynx, and he would simply suffocate or drown.
  • No need to offer him painkillers or other drugs before arrival of doctors. Even if the patient tells you the pills in his pocket, it’s better to wait 20 to 30 minutes until the doctor.
  • If the patient vomits, lay him on his side so he wouldn’t choke from vomit. After the attack of vomiting need to clear his mouth of mucus, and residues of the gag content.
  • Mouth the patient should be removed dentures, saliva, leftovers and so on. This is to ensure that the patient can breathe without the risk of choking with a foreign object.
  • If the patient is unconscious but breathing, then you need to put it to one side and make sure he doesn’t fall over.
  • If signs of breathing and heartbeat, in the presence of certain skills it is possible to do massage of heart and conduct artificial respiration. If others do not own these first aid, then at random it is better not to take any action.
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    Once the professionals will arrive on the scene, one of the witnesses need a quick and extensive information to tell you what happened, what did they complain about the patient and what actions have been taken. This will help doctors to make a rough picture of what is happening and take appropriate action. Competent first aid after a stroke can be crucial prior to arrival of the resuscitation team and save the patient from death and severe complications.