Heart disease list and symptoms

Heart disease is a broad group of diseases associated with disruption of the normal functioning of the body. The pathological process may relate to coronary artery, valvular, or one of the layers of the heart muscle. Some of the diseases for a long period of time do not show a single symptom, while others manifest dramatically, causing the patient a lot of suffering. Consider what are heart disease, and what symptoms they are accompanied.

List and names of heart diseases

The most common disease of this organ:

  • Arrhythmias and blockades (arrhythmias and conduction). To this group of pathological conditions include tachycardia, bradycardia, arrhythmia, arrhythmia, syndrome of premature excitation of the ventricles, of blockade at various levels of the heart muscle.
  • Atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries. This pathological process involves not the heart itself and the vessels feeding it, which leads to characteristic symptoms.
  • Hypertension. This group includes hypertensive disease and symptomatic arterial hypertension.
  • Coronary heart disease. The cause of this condition is decreased blood supply to the body. In this group of pathologies included myocardial infarction, angina pectoris and cardiosclerosis.
  • Cardiomyopathy. Group of diseases in which there are increase in size, congestive heart failure and systolic dysfunction. This can occur in systemic autoimmune processes, heart defects, alcohol intoxication and other conditions. This group includes and cardiomegaly («bull’s heart»).
  • Of myocardiodystrophy. A list of diseases which manifest themselves through the violation of metabolic processes in heart muscle. This problem may occur due to lesions of the kidneys, liver, intoxication or diseases of the endocrine system.
  • Congenital and acquired heart defects. The most common diseases of this group are defects of the heart valves. They appear in utero or in adulthood after infectious or autoimmune diseases.
  • Inflammatory diseases of the various layers of the heart muscle. These include endocarditis and myocarditis.
  • Acute and chronic cardiovascular failure. An extensive group of illnesses, which includes cardiac asthma, pulmonary edema, collapse, shock, and other conditions.
  • Diseases of the pericardium (pericarditis). The pericardium is the outer layer of the heart which separates him from the rest of the chest.
  • Important! In a separate group included benign and malignant tumors of this organ. Cancer can be either primary or the result of metastasis of tumors from other organs.

    Thus, heart disease is a big list of heterogeneous diseases that can be subdivided into three groups:

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    • pathology of the valvular apparatus (vices);
    • disease of the coronary vessels and their consequences for the heart (ischemic heart disease, heart attack, angina, etc.);
    • lose most of the heart muscle (pericarditis, endocarditis, etc.).

    The causes of these conditions, men and women are very different, ranging from disease to the nervous system and ending with genetic mutations in utero. Some of them deadly, such as tetralogy of Fallot (congenital heart defects), others are not dangerous, but lead to the development of unpleasant symptoms and significantly worsen the patient’s quality of life. In any case, without proper treatment, these diseases can progress, causing serious consequences, therefore, should be under medical supervision.

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    In what diseases of the heart that give disability?

    There is a list of regulated diseases and conditions that would give disability. Depending on how seriously impaired function of the heart muscle, the patient can be rated 1,2, or 3 group of disability.
    This takes into account not only the disease itself, but also the presence of concomitant diseases, as well as the ability to work, self-care and social interaction. Here’s some of the disease under which the patient is entitled to a disability:

    • defects with severe heart failure;
    • arterial hypertension 3 degrees with the defeat of target organs;
    • condition after myocardial infarction and others.

    A clear testimony and the group sets up special medical Commission, which takes into account all aspects of the life and health of the patient.

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    What are the symptoms for heart disease?

    The clinical picture and symptoms of lesions of the heart are very diverse. In most cases, the symptoms of heart disease are as follows:

  • Pain behind the sternum and in region of cardiac muscle. Pain may be associated with insufficient blood flow or severe blockage of one of the branches of the arteries supplying the heart. The different character of pain: burning, crushing, sharp, squeezing, bursting, etc. Occur at rest and during exercise. Sometimes pain in these diseases can radiate to the arms, the abdomen, back and other parts of the body.
  • Shortness of breath. This is a condition in which the patient feels shortness of breath. At the beginning of the many diseases it develops only during exercise, and with the progression of the pathological process may disturb the patient and alone.
  • The change in heart rate. Normally, the patient does not feel his heart beat. With the disease heart rate may increase, and people complain that the heart is «pounding like crazy and jumping out of my chest». Part of heart disease, on the contrary, is accompanied by a slowing heart rate (bradycardia).
  • Cough and dyspnea. These symptoms are often the signs of chronic heart failure pulmonary circulation. Congestion in the vessels lead to irritation of cough receptors in the lungs and bronchi and cause coughing.
  • Weakness, lethargy, fatigue. A non-specific indication that occurs in the body, malfunction of internal organs.
  • Swelling. The appearance of edema suggests that the heart is not pumping enough blood. Such develop swelling in the lower extremities.
  • Pressure surges. Some patients notice them only under the help of special equipment, others may determine the pressure rise in your state. There is a weakness, «to see spots», dizzy, shaking hands.
  • The increase in temperature. Inflammatory disease occur with high temperature and symptoms of intoxication of the whole organism.
  • Other symptoms: nausea, vomiting, fainting, collapse, shock.
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