Hemorrhagic stroke: symptoms, treatment, consequences
Hemorrhagic stroke is called a special form of acute pathology of blood circulation of a brain in which the skull cavity of non-traumatic method gets the blood. Most often this is due to rupture of blood vessels inside the skull because of their diseases. Hemorrhagic stroke occurs in 10 – 15% of all strokes and is the most dangerous form of acute circulatory disorders of the brain.
The causes of pathology
What are the causes of hemorrhagic stroke? In fact, the list of possible factors in the development of the disease is quite extensive. The most common causes of pathology are:
- sharp jumps in blood pressure (particularly hypertension);
- overdose drugs affecting blood clotting;
- inflammation and other diseases of the arteries;
- chronic dependence on alcohol and drugs;
- pathology blood and blood;
- heart disease;
- atrial fibrillation;
- lack of exercise in sufficient quantities.
Symptoms of hemorrhagic stroke
Characteristic clinical manifestations may vary depending on what part of the brain is affected. In General, experts distinguish more than a hundred possible symptoms. But how to suspect a hemorrhagic stroke? Be sure to pay attention to the General condition of the patient. Patients with hemorrhage in the cavity of the skull are noted severe headache, changes in facial expressions and speech, impaired consciousness and perception of reality.
Other possible symptoms of hemorrhagic stroke is isolated numbness of half of her face, the tingling in her, a sharp pain in the eyes, loss of vision and balance. In addition, patients can work to improve. All these symptoms are only the harbingers of the attack itself, the clinical picture develops later.
Hypertension no longer a death sentence?
The cardiologist said that there is finally a cure for hypertension …
If the patient is conscious, he complains of a rapidly progressive headache, nausea with vomiting, pronounced heartbeat, with possible pain in the chest, which is already hard speech, intolerance to light, impaired perception of reality with a partial loss of vision, paresis or paralysis of extremities or facial muscles. If the patient is unconscious, then it may be one of the five stages of loss of orientation in space:
- Stun — loss of orientation, weak reaction to external factors and uncomprehending look;
- Somnolence — unaware person is like sleep with open eyes, in which the patient continually looks at one point that it is difficult to determine;
- Stupor — like somnolence, like a dream, but this time more deeply, in which pupils react poorly to light but preserved reaction to the touch to the corneal and swallowing reflex;
- Coma — a deep sleep in which there are no any reactions.
Emergency treatment of hemorrhagic stroke in the case of a patient with loss of consciousness will be to provide it with optimal conditions. Most importantly — do not try to return the patient to consciousness! It is better to try to prevent the tongue as this can block the airway, resulting in the patient begins to choke. Before the arrival of the doctor, the patient is placed on the bed and slightly raise the head.
The prognosis of recovery in hemorrhagic stroke
Hemorrhagic stroke is considered to be one of the quite severe pathologies, the consequences can be unpredictable. In half of all cases the disease ends in death, and in 80% disability. The most difficult recovery of patients in coma. In this case, the mortality is up to 90%, with the clarity of consciousness — only 20%. The most susceptible middle-aged women (30-40 years) due to the effects of childbirth and the postpartum period for the body.
Standards of treatment after hemorrhagic stroke, and when it
The pathology treatment must start immediately is a guarantor subsequent recovery of vital functions of man. Therapy with stem cells. They are administered intravenously, and then they go into the affected areas of the brain and replace destroyed after hemorrhage neurons. In addition, the patient is also prescribed drugs, regulating blood pressure, relieving brain edema, eliminates vasospasm, and so Operation in most cases ineffective.
An important role plays the recovery period after the hemorrhage. It is extremely important to restore the necessary functions to return to normal human walking, facial expressions, speech, etc. this task is not running in the cases of good physiotherapy. Effective techniques include physiotherapy, acupuncture, swimming, magnetic therapy, electrical stimulation, etc.
An integral part of the recovery period will be the occupational therapy — work on special simulators, restore lost skills and so on. In some cases, prescribe hot and cold baths, the temperature of which is chosen individually.
«I have cured hypertension, You can too!»
Actor Oleg Tabakov said
Plays an important role and nutrition of the patient. Diet, for the most part must be aimed at lowering blood pressure and cholesterol levels in the blood, elimination of possible edema. Perfect for that table No. 10 by Pevsner. Recovery takes an average of 2 – 3 months, but in more severe situations, the period is extended to six months. Severe patients awarded a disability.
For the treatment of hemorrhagic stroke in time to see the symptoms. Be observant and do not worry for your health!