High pulse, low pressure: what to do?
Low blood pressure and rapid heart rate can be symptoms of serious pathology (e.g. bleeding), or to indicate that the person is susceptible to autonomic disorders in hypotonic type, or suffer from diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Possible reasons for the development of this condition there are many and some of them pose a real threat to human life. Therefore, in this article we will discuss what to do if the pressure falls and the pulse increases.
Low blood pressure (hypotension) is pressure below 100/60 mm Hg. article, rapid pulse (tachycardia) is a heart rate above 90 beats per minute. May suffer from hypotension and tachycardia, because the drop in blood pressure with compensatory heart begins to beat faster to provide tissues and organs with oxygen and nutrients. Sensations arising in this patient, can be very diverse:
- Weakness and drowsiness.
- Heaviness in the chest.
- Trembling of the body.
- The feeling of fear.
- Cold sweat, etc.
Why quickens the pulse and lowers blood pressure?
We can distinguish four main groups of causes of hypotension on the background of tachycardia:
- Bleeding, severe dehydration, shock.
- Heart disease.
- Vegetative-vascular dystonia and other neurological disorders.
- Taking certain medicines.
You first need to sort out the cause of a condition and assess its severity. If the pressure is lowered slightly, and his pulse slightly elevated, it is necessary to drink sweet tea and relax, you can also take Valerian or motherwort tincture. In the subsequent you should always consult with a physician or cardiologist, especially if such condition first arose.
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Patients are advised to undergo comprehensive examination: an EKG, heart ultrasound, blood tests, consult with your neurologist and other doctors. To start treatment without a precise diagnosis is impossible, because to cause hypotension on the background of tachycardia can completely different mechanism of disease development. Accordingly, the approaches to their therapy are also radically different: one sick enough to change your lifestyle and give up bad habits, while others will require special cardiac medication.
If the human condition is severe (marked hypotension and a very high heart rate), you should call an ambulance. It is impossible to independently take medication as a drugs from tachycardia even more reduce the pressure. Such treatment should be under constant monitoring of heart rate (heart rate) and blood pressure.
Before the arrival of doctors you can lie down in a ventilated area, loosen or remove compression clothing, drink warm sweet tea. To walk, to stand in this condition is impossible, as in a strong reduction of pressure due to dizziness, you can fall and be injured.
How to treat low blood pressure and rapid pulse?
Tactics of treatment of patients at low pressure and a high pulse is determined by the cause of this condition:
- When bleeding is krovoostanavlivayuschee and cardiotonic therapy, parenteral introduced krovezamenauschie solutions.
- Dehydration patients are required to appoint rehydration therapy and, if necessary – drugs that normalize blood pressure.
- When shock conditions are performed resuscitation and treatment aimed at addressing the causes of shock.
- When heart disease is also shown drug therapy (the choice of drugs depends on which pathology revealed).
In the event of hypotension and tachycardia that are associated with the medication, the doctor changes the medication dosage or appoints other drugs. If the cause of low pressure and tachycardia is a vegeto-vascular dystonia, which occurs quite often, patients undergo comprehensive treatment, including:
- Medical therapy. Used course treatment wegetotropona, cardiometabolic, sedatives, cardiovascular drugs, vitamin-mineral complexes.
- Physiotherapy, water procedures.
- The herbal medicine. Some herbal remedies have a positive effect on «vegetatio» and improve the adaptive capacity of the organism. In particular, the use of funds on the basis of schisandra, Eleutherococcus and ginseng.
That can make you sick?
Of course, on their own, without medical help to improve their condition with bleeding, severe dehydration, heart problems is impossible. But if a person suffers from vegetative-vascular disorders (hypertensive type), he just needs to learn how to help themselves, because hypotension and tachycardia may occur after any emotional tension, with the change of weather, after exercise. In addition, you should learn how to prevent the appearance of these unpleasant symptoms. How to do it?
If the pressure is decreased, and there was tachycardia, it is recommended to drink a sedative tea (e.g. mint, motherwort) and lie down, slightly lift the legs. Drinking alcohol and strong coffee was impossible. After the rest should start to feel better. If it does not, you should consult a doctor.
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To prevent tachycardia and hypotension and to facilitate the course of autonomic dysfunction, it is necessary to abandon bad habits, since Smoking, and alcohol negatively affect the heart and blood vessels. In addition, it is important to change the way of life: the body needs proper rest and sleep.
For stimulation of vascular tone daily is recommended to take a contrast shower, to do restorative exercises, walking, swimming. To avoid dehydration, especially in hot weather, you should drink plenty of water. In addition, it is important to learn to control their emotions. If you do not be nervous it is impossible, in stressful situations, you can take herbal sedative preparations based on Valerian root, motherwort or mint.