Hypertrophy of the left ventricle on ECG
Hypertrophy of the left ventricle of the heart is a condition in which the walls or cavity of the Department increased as a result of a number of factors. Most often, the hypertrophy of the ventricle related to the effects of hypertension. In healthy patients the condition is diagnosed, if they lead an active lifestyle and is heavily involved in sports. Hypertrophy is a problem that threatens severe complications.
The symptoms of hypertrophy of the left ventricle
As already mentioned, this condition is not always pathological, so in certain cases (when we are not talking about the disease), the patient is usually not disturbed by any symptoms. If we are talking about the pathology, the clinical picture can be very diverse. In addition, the disease develops gradually and at first does not bother the patient. The initial symptoms of left ventricular hypertrophy include:
- shortness of breath and weak heart pain occurring after sports or due to other physical stress;
- dizziness, fainting feeling «sadhane», lack of oxygen during exercise;
- the decrease in activity, quick fatigue;
- heart rhythm disturbances, up to the atrial fibrillation or tachycardia;
- the feeling of «fading» of the heart that triggers the fainting.
All of the above described symptoms resemble the clinical picture of coronary heart disease. This disease causes spasm of blood vessels that nourish the heart muscle, causing it needs oxygen stronger, and as a result increases. Due to the progression of hypertrophy over time, the symptoms may vary for radically different:
- increased blood pressure, frequent jumps are observed;
- the heart rhythm disturbance and headaches become a permanent nature;
- the discomfort experienced previously only in the heart, spread across the chest.
To these symptoms are added, sleep disorders (such as chronic fatigue and sleepiness, and a lasting feeling of anxiety, which is difficult to fall asleep), weakness, decreased performance, etc.
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Left ventricular hypertrophy and other pathologies
Not always the as increasing the walls or cavity of the ventricle is an independent pathology. It can occur as a symptom of many other diseases. Such diseases include acquired and congenital heart disease, myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema, atherosclerosis, acute or chronic heart failure and acute glomerulonephritis.
Signs of left ventricular hypertrophy on ECG
To correctly identify the pathology on the ECG can only be a specialist, therefore, needs the description of the characteristic changes of the results in this article no. Note that if you are unhappy the results of the survey are not supported by the corresponding terminal of the doctor-Uzist, often is not a problem. In a healthy patient’s left ventricle is slightly larger than the right, but hypertrophy, the ratio may increase to 5:1 inclusive.
In addition to ECG and ultrasound, to diagnose disease is also use the methods of computed tomography, chest x-ray, magnetic nuclear resonance. Sometimes I use a CardioVisor.
Complications of left ventricular hypertrophy
As already mentioned, you have to worry only with the appropriate findings, ECG and heart ultrasound. If the patient indeed showed an increase in mass of the heart muscle, is to consult with your doctor about necessary treatment. Hypertrophy of the left ventricle faces a large number of complications:
- heart failure;
- severe violations of rhythm of cardiac contractions (krasitelei or ventricular tachycardia).
There may also be pathology in the work of the left atrium.
Features of occurrence and development of diseases in athletes
Due to high physical stress, the left ventricle of the heart in athletes may increase in size without causing any symptoms. The pathology is, and often there are deaths physically active young people on the training for this disease. To prevent such an outcome, it is necessary to systematically undergo preventive examination by a cardiologist and the right to make the loaded mode: alternate of vigorous exercise training of moderate severity.
Treatment of left ventricular hypertrophy
Treatment of diseases should be comprehensive and include medical (with medicines) and non-pharmacological (physiotherapy) methods. Patient is prescribed beta-blockers which reduce heart rate, reduce their power and suppress cardiac conduction. Suggest to stick with salt-free diet to increase the consumption of fruits, vegetables, greens, lean meat and dairy products. Should give up fatty foods and to get rid of bad habits: drinking coffee, alcoholic beverages and Smoking cigarettes.
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The patient must systematically undergo a check-up at the cardiologist, do an ECG and heart ultrasound. The decision about the need for surgical intervention is made by the doctor. Surgery used to correct major defects. In certain cases, resort to angioplasty — intervention for the opening of the affected vessel and installing a thin catheter that has a balloon for expansion. A method of stenting of coronary arteries used for the installation of the stent – frame, serving to increase the clearance of the site. In some cases, resort to prosthetic valves.
Important points in the diagnosis and treatment of left ventricular hypertrophy is a visit to the cardiologist and timely EKG. Only caring about your health can save you from disastrous consequences!