Hypotension: what is it?
We often hear expressions such as «vitality». This expression of narrow-minded, and he has no precise definition. Rather, it expresses the mood and readiness to active life. But in medicine, it should be exact. And quantitative identification of the concept of «tone» was the term «blood pressure». In addition, sometimes they say «muscle hypotonia». What is it, and how to relate these two concepts?
History of blood pressure measurement is quite short. At the end of the XIX century, despite the progress of anatomy, physiology and medicine could not manage to learn how to measure this without gross interference into the patient. Judge for yourself: all military surgeons know that trauma veins the blood from them flows quietly, and it is dark in color. When the wounded arteries blood Squirting rhythmically, according to the heart beats and can beat a jet at high altitude.
Already had lots of information, talking about how the pressure reduction and particularly its increase harmful to health. Was open communication of the occurrence of stroke with pressure, but ingeniously simple method of measuring with all the usual cuff was introduced by the Russian physician Nikolai Korotkov in 1905. Soon after this method spread worldwide and has become the only way in which pressure can be measured indirectly, without direct penetration of the artery.
The boundaries of normal pressure
Of course, this value cannot be a constant. Can a person sleep or do the heavy work. This affects the need tissues of nutrients and oxygen, which requires increased delivery. In addition, the pressure at the two-meter athlete and a young dainty girl also can not be the same. However, there are international criteria developed by who (world health organization), which may limit normal physiological range of pressures. This period from 90 to 139 mm Hg systolic and 50 to 89 mm for diastolic blood pressure.
Hypertension no longer a death sentence?
The cardiologist said that there is finally a cure for hypertension …
Recall that is called the systolic maximum pressure value, which is determined by the muscular force of the left ventricular myocardium and there is a phase of reduction. This value characterizes the cardiac output of blood into the aorta. Diastolic pressure is the smaller value, which occurs after relaxation of the myocardium of the left ventricle and reflects the passive pressure, which depends on the elasticity of the vascular bed.
Pressure above the specified bounds is hypertension lower hypotension.
There is some confusion when using the terms «hypertension, hypotension and hypertension, hypotension». In fact, they are one and the same, but serve different purposes: for example, in cases of initial diagnosis of hypertension exhibited a diagnosis of hypertension. It is the primary diagnosis, syndromic. After exclusion of all causes (renal, cerebral, hemodynamic) exhibited a diagnosis of hypertension.
Hypotension is always given less attention than her «older sister» – hypertension. The fact that hypertensive heart disease to blame in a large number of deaths from its complications – heart attack and stroke. Hypotension in this «not guilty». Always in medicine great importance is given to therapy of hypertension, but its «antipode» – hypotonic disease – as if would not exist. Just doctors record that this man is hypotensive. To raise blood pressure easier than to reduce it, then sure, why not.
Hypertension is clinically important is not so much «top» as «lower» pressure. Because it is a more permanent indicator than a periodically varying systolic blood pressure, and it exerts its damaging effect on the vessels and other structures. In the case of arterial hypotension, on the contrary, becomes more important systolic pressure, as his value depends on the normal blood supply of the brain, myocardium and other structures.
Depending on the reasons, there may be acute hypotension (collapse), which develops when fainting or shock. It is the responsibility of the ambulance, and here we consider this option will not. We will focus on chronic hypotension. As mentioned above, the risk of heart attack or stroke in hypotensive much lower, but every day he «pays» a lower quality of life. Symptoms of chronic arterial hypotension include:
- weakness, lethargy;
- chills, feeling cold;
- apathy, a reduction reaction;
- memory loss, slowing of thinking;
- frequent headaches, dizziness.
All these symptoms are really able to poison life. What to do for hypotension?
Doctors believed that I had cured the hypertension!
«Hypertension is not a death sentence. Just need to take care of myself» — the blog of actor Oleg Tabakov.
How to help the taste?
First of all, you need to identify the cause of hypotension. In some cases it may develop as a manifestation of dystonia, to be a manifestation of toxic syndrome in chronic alcoholism or worm infestations. If it is benign, hereditary character, you can use the following tools and methods:
- a full night’s sleep;
- morning activity gym at a slow pace, with a gradual warming;
- the subsequent adoption of a contrast shower, rubbing a towel;
- drinking green tea in the morning can afford one Cup of coffee;
- in the morning and in the morning you can apply adaptogens – drugs that increase «vitality»; these include Siberian ginseng, tincture of schisandra, Golden root, of ginseng and other drugs.
It is strictly forbidden to raise blood pressure with the help of cigarettes and alcohol. Nothing but harm is already done and will only aggravate the symptoms of hypotension.
With regard to muscle weakness, this symptom is not associated with blood pressure directly, as the regulation of muscle tone is of particular neurons of the spinal cord. Most often, hypotonia is a symptom of various neurological diseases, for example, peripheral flaccid paralysis.