In blood glucose: causes
To determine the level of glucose is usually prescribed blood sugar. Glucose is the main indicator of metabolism and breakdown of carbohydrates, so keep an eye on this indicator is extremely important. Regulates the level of glucose endocrine system and more specifically pancreas.
The rate of glucose in the blood
The lowest level of glucose observed in children up to 14 years. For them, the norm is the index of 3.33 — 5.55 mmol per liter. In adolescents and adults from 15 to 60 years is considered normal 3.9 – 5.8 mmol per liter.
High blood glucose seen in the elderly after 60 years (up to 6.4 mmol per liter), and pregnant women (at a rate of from 4.6 to 6.7 mmol per liter).
Please note that child bearing may provoke the development of diabetes. This is especially true for those girls who are already sick with this disease. That is why during pregnancy most prescribed blood sugar and carefully monitor glucose levels.
What happens if the index is beyond the limit of the rules?
There are two options. If glucose is elevated, the excess is stored in the proteins of the tissues of the cardiovascular and nervous systems, kidneys or eyes. This leads to damage of the organs, consequently their dysfunction.
When there is insufficient amount of glucose energy the cells begin to starve, their ability to perform certain functions is greatly reduced. Most addicted to carbs, your brain, it feeds exclusively at their expense. Therefore, in chronic decrease of glucose affects the Central (brain and spinal cord) and peripheral nervous system can be destroyed nerve cells.
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Why, you may notice increased glucose in the blood?
High blood sugar called hyperglycemia. This condition most often develops due to:
- of diabetes;
- disorders of the endocrine system of another nature;
- tumors of the pancreas;
- acute or chronic pancreatitis;
- chronic pathologies of the kidney or liver;
- myocardial infarction;
- bleeding into the brain;
- cystic fibrosis (genetic disease, which affects at once all slezovydelenii organs, including the pancreas).
Please note that insufficient or incorrect training can «smear» the results. For example, elevated glucose level will occur after emotional stress, Smoking, date of analysis not on an empty stomach, with unbalanced diet.
To diagnose the rise in blood sugar possible without analysis. To do this, pay attention to how you feel. Dry mouth, nocturia (frequent urination at night), unexplained weight loss with increased appetite, the appearance of boils, sweating, decrease in immunity — the list of symptoms of hyperglycemia is sufficiently large. Upon detection of the at least two manifestations of those that were listed above, be sure to consult your doctor!
Why blood is not enough glucose?
The glucose is called hypoglycemia. This condition is characterized by such pathologies as:
- hyperplasia (overgrowth) of the pancreas;
- adenoma (a kind of neoplasm) or cancer of the pancreas;
- hypothyroidism — a disease of the endocrine system, which the thyroid gland produces insufficient thyroid hormones;
- cirrhosis or liver cancer;
- cancer of the stomach or adrenal glands;
- intoxication due to poisoning by alcohol, arsenic or overdose of some drugs.
Remember that to detect and treat hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia can only be a qualified doctor. Do not self-medicate, get tested, consult the test results with an endocrinologist and be calm for your health!
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