In the eyes to burst a blood vessel: causes
Broken blood vessels in eyes doctors called subconjunctival hemorrhages. As a rule, this is not a dangerous situation, which itself takes place within 1 – 3 weeks.
What is a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
The conjunctiva is the transparent membrane of the eye that covers the top of the sclera, the cornea and the inner surface of the upper and lower eyelids. Subconjunctival hemorrhage is blood released from ruptured blood vessels between the conjunctiva and sclera.
From which bursts a vessel in your eye?
The conjunctiva has nerve endings and small blood vessels are usually barely visible to the naked eye. However, they become larger when inflammation of the eye. These vessels are somewhat fragile and have weak walls, which can easily burst.
Subconjunctival hemorrhages appear as bright red or dark red spots on the sclera. Most of these occur spontaneously, without apparent reason, the development of bleeding from normal conjunctival vessel. As most subconjunctival hemorrhages are painless, people can detect them just by looking in the mirror. Many of them are first noticed by people people who see in the eyes red spots. Most often the blood vessels in the eyes burst during the following situations:
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- Voltage when lifting weights.
- Increased pressure in the veins of the head – for example, when lifting a weight or lying position upside down.
- The friction of the eye and wearing contact lenses.
- Some infectious diseases of the eye (e.g., conjunctivitis) where a virus or bacteria weaken the vascular wall of small blood vessels under the conjunctiva.
- Diseases causing disorders of blood clotting.
Subconjunctival hemorrhage can also be due to eye injuries, severe infections and operations on the eyeball.
Appear as broken blood vessels in eye?
In most cases, subconjunctival hemorrhage does not cause any other symptom, except the presence of blood on the sclera. Very rarely people during the rupture of the vascular wall and started bleeding can experience pain, sensation of pressure in the eye or under the eyelid. During the resorption of hemorrhages people may feel eye irritation.
By itself the bleeding is visible to the naked eye the blood stains with clear boundaries on the sclera. Sometimes the whole of the sclera may be covered with blood. In spontaneous subconjunctival hemorrhage blood from the eyes does not flow. In the first 24 hours after burst a blood vessel, bleeding may increase and then slowly begins to shrink in size due to absorption of blood.
Diagnosis of subconjunctival hemorrhage
Doctor examines a patient to determine the reasons why in the eyes of the patient burst a blood vessel. Also carried out measurement of blood pressure. If the cause of subconjunctival hemorrhages is trauma, you need a more thorough examination, which may include a computer and magnetic resonance tomography, optical coherence tomography of the eye fundus examination and other instrumental methods. In newborns, most often the rupture of the conjunctival vessels is caused by the birth process.
What to do when a broken vessel in the eye?
Usually, ruptured conjunctival blood vessels do not bear any danger to health and life of the patient. The doctor should be visited if hemorrhage under the conjunctiva disappeared within 2 – 3 weeks or they show up constantly. In addition, the medical help you need to apply when the vessels burst in both eyes or it is combined with bleeding gums or easy formation of bruises on the body. Immediate medical consultation is needed in cases when subconjunctival haemorrhage is associated with:
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- Recent trauma to the eye or head.
- The presence of bleeding disorders.
- The presence of hypertension.
Typically, a person with a subconjunctival hemorrhage does not require any treatment. If the patient feels in the affected eye irritation, lighten it by using artificial tears. The eye of the dressings is not necessary. Refrain from taking aspirin and other medicines that affect blood clotting. But if a person takes these drugs before the appearance of hemorrhages under the conjunctiva, it is necessary to consult with your doctor about whether to cancel these funds without risk to health. In any case it is impossible to stop them without a doctor’s permission! Sometimes these drugs are taken on vital indications, and discard them when subconjunctival haemorrhage is impossible.
If the blood vessels under the conjunctiva burst as a result of injury, an ophthalmologist prescribes a treatment, which is necessary for acceleration of the healing process. If subconjunctival hemorrhages are the result of infectious process, the doctor may prescribe antibiotic eye drops or ointment. Most often this condition resolves on its own within 2 – 3 weeks. Usually there is a complete recovery, without any long-term consequences, as with a conventional subcutaneous bruises. Like a bruise, a subconjunctival hemorrhage changes colors (from bright red to yellow) in the healing process. Subcutaneous bruise on the extent of absorption changes the color to green, black and blue, because blood is seen through the opaque skin. Because the conjunctiva is transparent, with subconjunctival hemorrhages such colors is not observed.
Very rarely repeated hemorrhage under the conjunctiva in the same place, the same eyes can be caused by pathologically fragile capillaries, the walls of which are often spontaneously burst. In these cases, the ophthalmologist may cauterize these insignificant blood vessels with a laser or electrical diathermy.
Is it possible to prevent the development of subconjunctival hemorrhage?
If a person often burst blood vessels under the conjunctiva, it is necessary to visit a doctor to determine the causes of this phenomenon. Targeted treatment of the underlying cause subconjunctival hemorrhage can prevent further episodes of rupture of the vessels.