Intracranial pressure: symptoms and treatment tablets
Pathology of intracranial pressure called the accumulation of either a lack of CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) in certain parts of the skull due to violation of its circulation. The task of this liquid in norm — protection of the gray matter of the Central nervous system from overloading and mechanical damage.
Cerebrospinal fluid always depends on the pressure, through which circulates within the organism and constantly updated. This whole process takes about a week. However, if there is an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in a single phase, intracranial pressure increases, and in the case of the reduction of the amount of liquid decreases (this occurs most often when traumatic brain injuries, tumors of the brain, chronic administration of diuretics drugs, pathologies of blood vessels).
Very often, the increased intracranial pressure after a number of other diseases. It is therefore important to not only remove the symptoms of a particular disease or to eliminate the root cause, but take care not to come the dire consequences of the disease. Causes of increased intracranial pressure can be:
- meningitis (inflammation in the balls of the organs of the Central nervous system);
- encephalitis (inflammation in the brain due to the action of viruses);
- traumatic brain injury;
- pathology of metabolic processes, which is not enough liquid absorbed into the bloodstream;
- the gap portion of the arteries in the brain;
- excess weight, especially obesity;
- prolonged narrowing of the blood vessels;
- neoplasms of the brain;
- congenital hydrocephalus (excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain from birth);
- pathology production of CSF;
- the use of hormonal drugs;
- severe poisoning;
- diseases of the spine;
- hypoxia (oxygen deprivation) to the brain;
- excess vitamin A in the body, etc.
Symptoms of increased intracranial pressure
Normal intracranial pressure is not increased more than 10 – 15 mm Hg. article However, if it still comes to levels of 25-35 mm Hg. art, condition of patient is critical, he needs to help. Otherwise, the increase in pressure can lead to brain death and, consequently, death.
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The first sign of pathology is headache. Subsequently may change the level of consciousness, to develop ongoing back pain, impaired vision. In some cases, in the absence of nausea and the vomiting starts. Other symptoms of a pathological condition include dilated pupils, flies before the eyes, seizures, excessive sweating, muscle weakness on one side of the body, lightheadedness, bruising and even bags under the eyes. Also there may be loss of hearing acuity, sense of noise in the ears, irritability, weakness, fatigue and soreness of the upper part of the neck.
There are some symptoms which can determine the causes of high blood pressure. For example, blood pressure, shortness of breath and feeling short of breath occur when tumors of the brain. If a person has a disturbed mind, he does not coordinate motion and the body temperature rises to 38 degrees and above – the problem is meningitis.
Treatment of intracranial pressure in adults
In most cases, for the treatment of elevated intracranial pressure in adults appointed by the tablets and also physiotherapy. And medicine, and rehabilitation measures should be selected solely by the specialist.
How to reduce intracranial pressure drug method? You can’t call some one a drug that would help in this disease. Therapy should be complex: patients choose diuretics, potassium-lowering and hormone medication. Scientists have proved that homeopathic nootropic and improves cerebral blood circulation drugs in the treatment completely ineffective.
Exercises reduce the progression of the disease, no less effective than the drugs from intracranial pressure. What procedures are required in a particular patient is decided by the doctor.
Using electrophoresis with Aminophylline can improve the blood circulation in the brain, as well as its food. For a noticeable result in most cases 10 treatments lasting approximately 15 minutes.
Another effective physiotherapeutic method is a massage of the spine and cervical area. It also stimulates blood flow (especially venous blood). In this case you will need 15 – 20 procedures. Very often, doctors recommend doing this massage on its own, twice a day for 10 – 20 minutes. Not necessarily have the qualifications, just gently massage the area of the base of the skull, neck and upper back.
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As with most diseases, it is very effective moderate exercise. In the case of increased intracranial pressure everyone can choose something for yourself: physiotherapy, badminton, swimming, table tennis or sports walking. If you approach these exercises wisely, they can help improve the muscle tone of the neck and shoulders, thus preventing clamping of vessels is «tight» muscles.
It must be remembered that the patient need not aspire to a stunning success in the sport, and to rid the disease — load must be metered, but the movement is smooth and measured. For starters enough reps of each exercise for several minutes, after which you can aim for a gradual increase in repetitions.