Kidney pressure: symptoms and treatment

Renal pressure — this disease many other names: increased renal pressure, renal hypertension, nephrogenic hypertension, etc. However, all of these terms combine quite a serious pathology, which disturbed the activity of the kidneys, which leads to unpleasant consequences for the whole organism.

The mechanism of renal hypertension development similar to that of hypertension. Moreover, these two diseases are «under the hand», is rapidly molodeya. It is noted that in the last few years as the renal and hypertension began to ache not only elderly people but also patients under 40 years old.

Feature of renal pressure

A distinctive feature of this disease is that it seems goes in a circle. What do we mean? It’s simple. In any lesion of the kidneys, their function is not fully satisfied. The blood rushes to the organs more slowly and less often, causing water and sodium are retained in the vessels. This provokes the swelling that so often patients complain of a nephrologist and cardiologist. However, this is not the problem caused by accumulation of water and ions. In addition to swelling, they also stimulate «vbuhanie» the walls of the arteries and small capillaries, which exacerbates their sensitivity.

A heightened perception of the damage of renal receptors, which in turn secrete the enzyme renin. He chain transforms itself into angiotensin, and then aldosterone. All of these biological fluids increase vascular tone, which reduces the lumen of blood vessels. This phenomenon certainly provokes an increase in pressure. Enzymes that reduce the tone of blood vessels, cease to be produced in sufficient quantity, and the receptors of the kidneys are irritated stronger. The reaction goes in a circle, and as was said earlier.

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The classification of the nephrogenic arterial hypertension

Overall, the increase in renal pressure usually occurs for two main reasons, from which follows the differentiation of the disease into two groups. Renovascular (or renovascular) hypertension occurs when the patient has problems with directly by the blood vessels, both congenital and acquired. The main diseases of this kind include:

  • hyperplasia of the walls of the renal artery (a congenital disease in which the inner part of the vessel expands, which narrows the lumen);
  • coarctation of the aorta (also congenital abnormality, a type of heart disease when the lumen of the main arteries — the aorta — narrowed segments, that is, in some specific areas);
  • aneurysm of a specific vessel (the so-called congenital «protrusion» of the artery due to its weakening or thinning);
  • atherosclerosis and embolism of the renal arteries and veins (acquired diseases, which narrows the lumen of blood vessels of the kidneys);
  • sclerotic paranephritis (an acquired disease in which thickened fibrous capsule — the structure in the kidney).

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Renovascular hypertension concerned about 3 – 5% of patients with arterial hypertension in anamnesis. In addition, the importance of the fact that this pathology often affects young people, and patients of middle age. This disease is found more frequently than the second type of renal pressure, which will be discussed below. In children renovascular hypertension is diagnosed in almost 90% of cases, in adults — 45 – 60%.

The second type of renal pressure is hypertension when diffuse pathologies of the tissues of the kidneys themselves. In this case, the root cause there may be hypoplasia of the body (congenital disorder in which the kidney is smaller in size than normal), full or partial doubling of the body, tumors, and various inflammation — glomerulonephritis and pyelonephritis.

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Signs of kidney pressure

In the early stages of the disease, the hypertension goes unnoticed for the patient. Only some patients report headaches and disorders of psycho-emotional state. Among the objective symptoms of kidney pressure doctors allocate only a systematic increase of diastolic blood pressure. In some cases, when listening to the expert notes continuous systolic murmur at the top of the abdomen on either side of the middle line.

With the disease begin to appear the first symptoms (weakness, dizziness, heart pain, shortness of breath, etc.), which the patient often did not attach much importance. In the later stages, there are serious deviations:

  • headache and dizziness;
  • the ringing sensation in the ears;
  • the tides;
  • feeling of heaviness in the head;
  • vision problems;
  • symptoms of excessive stress the left heart and coronary insufficiency — aching or nagging pain in the chest, feeling a rapid heartbeat;
  • lower back pain;
  • haematuria (blood in urine);
  • polyuria (excessive amount of urine excreted per day);
  • muscle weakness;
  • paresthesia is a sensitivity disorder, when the patient experiences unpleasant numbness, tingling, «creepy».

Treatment of nephrogenic arterial hypertension

The primary goal of therapy is to reduce arterial pressure and to regain lost renal function. In this case, use medical and surgical methods of treatment. In the first case, prescribers, influencing the cause of high blood pressure — anti-inflammatory tablets to reduce production renina etc. In consultation with your doctor can resort to some homeopathic methods is to drink herbs, green tea, fresh juices.

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The necessity of surgical intervention occurs when the patient has previously listed congenital abnormalities or if the pressure increases due to cysts, blockage or stenosis of blood vessels. To be cured of the pathology often resort to the technique of balloon angioplasty. The inside of the vessel introduced a special stent, with which the artery walls become stronger and expand.

If the kidney has lost its function, recovery even with surgical intervention impossible. So do not waste your precious time and don’t self-medicate and consult a qualified doctor and be healthy!