❤ Low blood sugar: causes and symptoms
Called hypoglycemia low blood glucose (below 2.8 mmol/l) in human blood. Similarly, as increased sugar (hyperglycaemia – more than 5.5 mmol/l), this condition is considered unfavourable and associated with a number of pathologies. However, in some cases, hypoglycemia is a physiological process and no evidence of disturbances in the body.
Often low sugar level observed in patients that are not properly prepared for the study. There are frequent cases of physiological decrease of glucose. All of these options are considered a normal variant.
The causes of low blood sugar
First we need to divide all the possible causes of hypoglycemia into two groups: physiological and pathological. Normal sugar can be reduced in people with insufficient caloric intake, an unbalanced diet and those who have low body weight. Negatively on the level of glucose impact and insufficient portions, too big breaks between Breakfast and dinner, long dietary restrictions. Often hypoglycemia is diagnosed in athletes, because intense exercise also usually reduce the sugar in the blood. Nervous and emotional stress affect the same.
In women during pregnancy or breastfeeding small hypoglycemia is a normal variant. They are normal indicators are slightly «out» and no longer be 3.5 – 5.5 mmol per liter, as another adult.
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An interesting fact is that too many simple carbohydrates (for the most part, sweets, and alcoholic and carbonated beverages) can cause hypoglycemia. This is due to biochemical processes in the body that occur during the ingestion of sugar. Simple carbohydrates are digested and absorbed faster than all the other micro — and macronutrients, resulting in a sharp release of insulin by the pancreas. Hormone lowers glucose in the blood, and may be displayed on the analysis results.
Incorrect receiving too much insulin or glucosaminidase drugs can also lead to hypoglycemia. Pathological causes are much more dangerous, because they indicate changes in the internal organs. These include:
- insulinoma – the so-called tumor, which, like the pancreas, produces the hormone insulin;
- renal and liver failure;
- the lack of production of hormones of the adrenal glands and hypothalamus;
- congenital deficiency of some enzymes involved in the breakdown and absorption of carbohydrates and other diseases of the immune system.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia
Low blood sugar is accompanied by a rather characteristic symptoms. Glucose «feeds» more brain, if there are not enough carbohydrates in the diet a person feels a sharp deterioration of health associated with the lack of power of the main body. Prolonged lack of sugar may develop hypoglycemic coma in which the patient loses consciousness. The main manifestations of lowering blood glucose include:
- sudden feeling of weakness and fatigue;
- excessive sweating;
- tremor (shaking) of hands, feet and even whole body;
- acceleration of the heart and increase heart rate;
- undue fear of death;
- increased excitability and irritability;
- different mental disorders;
- increased feeling of hunger;
- pallor of the skin;
- lethargy etc.
The main problem is that the state of an organism affects not only the lowering of glucose levels, but also processes that result from this. It disrupted the work of all organs, but primarily affects the immune, cardiovascular and urogenital system.
What to do if low blood sugar?
Explain why you have reduced glucose is, only a qualified doctor. Most of all, this has been not just a therapist or a pediatrician (if hypoglycemia occurs in children), and a specialist endocrinologist. At home it is not necessary to attempt to reduce the sugar, it is better to focus on preventive measures. What is the action plan?
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It is necessary to completely limit foods with a high glycemic index (a complete list is available from your doctor). The basis of the diet should be seafood, fatty fish, dairy products (especially cheese), wheat germ and flax seeds, vegetables and fruits rich in chromium. In addition, the cost to monitor diet. Ideal is eating 5 to 6 times a day in small portions.
Smoking disrupts the process of balancing blood sugar levels, so those who suffer from this addiction, you need to get rid of bad habits. In addition, prohibited, and caffeine. Please note that it contains not only coffee. Caffeine in large quantity there is in tea, energy drinks and chocolate and other sweets – biscuits with cocoa, chocolate ice cream, chocolates etc. should Not be abused and carbonated and alcoholic beverages, especially on an empty stomach, as it was already mentioned that they cause a sharp insulin spike.
Naturally, it is necessary to exclude those factors that may lead to reduction of blood sugar levels. Do not sit on a diet and much exercise. Remember that to paint a detailed plan of action to correct hypoglycemia can only endocrinologist. Schedule a consultation with a specialist and do not self-medicate, it is harmful to your health.