Low pressure: causes and treatment
People who have blood pressure «jumps», it is extremely important to follow the indicators not only systolic, but also diastolic. The fact that the low bottom pressure in some cases can lead to serious consequences including dysfunction of the internal organs and even coma.
Why is it so important indices of diastolic pressure?
The upper (systolic) pressure in the first place characterizes the ability of cardiac muscle to contract and move blood through the body. The lower pressure does not indicate the activity of the heart, frequency of contractions of the body and the force of ejection of blood, and the elasticity of the walls of peripheral vessels.
In addition, diastolic pressure is also affected by the proper operation of the genitourinary system (primarily the kidneys). This is due to production of renin, a substance that promotes the maintenance of the ideal structure of internal tissues of the small arteries and capillaries.
Normal lower pressure
In order to talk about the causes and treatment of low diastolic blood pressure, it is necessary to define indicators of norm and pathology. If the lower pressure of 60 to 80 mm Hg. art is considered a normal blood pressure (there may be some differences in the normal values for people of different age). The upper pressure should fluctuate in the range of 120 – 140 mm Hg. article
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It is believed that when the indicators listed above, there is the most proper activity of the cardiovascular system, and people feel comfortable. However, in practice it individually: each twentieth of a man of middle age and younger has a reduced lower pressure, however, he does not feel any discomfort and feels quite healthy. Often this phenomenon is observed among patients with «burdened» heredity, that is, those who have relatives suffering from hypotension.
Please note that the monitor indicators are extremely important, as they can not only be caused by dysfunction of the heart, kidneys and the lack of elasticity of blood vessels, but also be a symptom of a more serious illness. To help determine the symptoms and necessary treatment will help the cardiologist.
Reasons for the decrease in diastolic blood pressure
As already mentioned, the reduction in the lower blood pressure is often associated with the elasticity of the arteries, veins and capillaries, and the work of the genitourinary system. Accordingly, malfunctions of these organs and will be the factors in the development of hypotension. In some cases, hypotension may be the norm: when adapting to new climate conditions, heavy menstruation, being in a stuffy room, after serious injuries, childbirth, vomiting, diarrhea, etc.
To answer unambiguously the question of the patient: «the bottom pressure of 50 mm Hg. article – what does that mean?» immediately, without additional diagnostics can not no doctor. The fact is, in some cases, low blood pressure is a symptom of several diseases such as:
- pathology in the physiology of the myocardium, the Atria or the ventricles;
- endocrine problems — excessive or insufficient production of hormones;
- inflammation that is chronic in nature;
- infectious diseases;
- ulcer of the duodenum or stomach;
- a wrong functioning of kidneys, due to which renin is produced insufficiently;
- anemia (deficiency of hemoglobin in the blood);
- Oncology and malignant neoplasms;
- shock and severe stress;
- psychiatric disorders: depression, neurotic condition;
- anorexia, the starvation, the consequence fashionable «mono-diet» (dietary restrictions associated with the use of only one product);
- the intoxication of the whole organism as a consequence of tuberculosis;
- ill-considered medication, side effect which is hypotension.
Associated symptoms in hypotonic crisis
Often, the symptoms of low blood pressure does not affect the patient’s state of health. If to speak more precisely, some changes in condition occur, go unnoticed just because of bad habits or neglect of their health. So, possible symptoms of hypotonic crisis can be:
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- increased sensitivity to weather changes;
- severe weakness and fatigue;
- headaches, possible even disorientation in space («flies» before the eyes, dizziness, tinnitus, etc.);
- pain behind the breastbone;
- violation of the emotional state;
- bouts accelerate the heart and increase heart rate;
- problems with thermoregulation.
Treatment of low blood pressure
As low diastolic pressure can be caused by a variety of reasons, then the treatment must be assigned a qualified professional and accompanied by his care. Very often, doctors recommend a complex of restorative drugs to restore the heart, blood vessels, kidneys and other internal organs. If you say that you can make your own at home, it is, of course, is prevention.
First and foremost, you need to reconsider your diet. It is necessary to remove from the menu fatty, overly sour and spicy, as well as other «harmful» products. The question here is not only blood pressure but also in the cardiovascular system as a whole. To boost low pressure, can be added to the diet of more cooked potatoes, legumes, nuts, boiled lean meat, rye bread, dark bitter chocolate, freshly squeezed Apple, carrot, beet and pumpkin juice.
Among other recommendations equally important are strong and normal in duration (a minimum of 8 hours per day for a person of average age) sleep, periodic ventilation of the room, contrast showers, regular (but feasible!) exercise. Remember that prevention and a healthy lifestyle is the best methods to treat low blood pressure. If necessary, taking drugs should consult with your doctor. Do not self-medicate!