Lower pressure – 90: what does it mean?

The problem of blood pressure and its deviations in the direction of increase or decrease is one of the most urgent today. Conducting measurement with instruments, you get two results – an upper and a lower pressure. Hypertension both the average increase is approximately the same. However, often with normal or slightly elevated top pressure bottom «jumps» much more.

Arterial (blood) pressure

Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure with which blood presses against the vascular wall. The top (systolic) refers to the pressure arising from the contraction of the left ventricle (systole), the lower (diastolic) when it is relaxing (diastole). Considered normal pressure from 110/70 to 130/90 mm Hg.

The upper pressure due to the force of cardiac contraction, so it is called «heart.» The bottom pressure depends on the condition of the vascular system, and kidneys. The kidneys synthesize the substance, renin, which affects vascular tone and, consequently, the lower the pressure, sometimes called «renal».

If the lower pressure is 90, and the top 130 and above – this is the upper limit of normal, and sometimes – tendency to the development of hypertension. The increase in pressure may occur during physical exertion, emotional experiences and stressful situations. If the increase is persistent, it most likely evidence of the onset of the disease – hypertensive disease.

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Diastolic (lower) pressure

The norm is 70 to 90 mm Hg. article If within a certain time diastolic pressure is on the figure of 90, what does that mean? While increasing the top pressure of a possible initial stage of hypertension. With isolated increase in diastolic blood pressure should be examined, as this condition can cause a variety of factors, primarily the following diseases:

  • renal disease;
  • malfunction of the adrenal glands;
  • endocrine disease (malfunction of the thyroid gland, pituitary gland);
  • problems with the spine (osteochondrosis, hernia of intervertebral discs);
  • atherosclerotic vascular disease;
  • defects or tumors of the heart.
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Other reasons:

  • stressful situations and chronic stress;
  • the abuse of alcohol;
  • use of stimulant drugs (medicines, biologically active additives to food, energy drinks);
  • excessive Smoking;
  • fluid retention caused by overeating habits and frequent errors in the diet (fried, fatty foods, pickles, smoked, canned).

Нижнее давление – 90: что это значит?

The danger of high diastolic blood pressure

Depending on the causes a persistent increase in bottom pressure, the possible complications of already existing diseases and the negative effects of an unhealthy lifestyle. In the absence of treatment of the underlying disease or a serious approach to the need for treatment, the disease will progress, creating a threat for the vital functions of the body.

Lower high blood pressure causes insufficient blood supply of organs and tissues of the body. It is fraught with disruption of their power and as a consequence sclerotic rebirth. Healthy organ tissue is replaced with connective tissue, and the normal functioning of the body is irreversibly violated. Changes can occur in the heart, and kidney, liver and brain. Replacement of nerve cells in the brain connective tissue cells leads to impaired memory and intellect.

Symptoms

Early in the disease may show no symptoms. With an increase in pathology and the development of hypertension (increase in pressure) the danger is a sharp pressure rise and the occurrence of hypertensive crisis. While there is intense headache, maybe nausea and vomiting, flashing «flies» before the eyes, dizziness. Possible reactions of the Central nervous system like seizures and the appearance of hallucinations. From the peripheral nervous system may develop temporary paresis of the limbs, loss of sensation in certain areas of the body.

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Treatment

If there is underlying disease causing the increase in bottom pressure, should be taken seriously, his treatment and doctor’s recommendations. For other reasons it is necessary to adjust diet, limit Smoking, and it’s better to abandon it, not to use psychoactive substances without a doctor’s prescription and selection of the dosage to be sufficient time in the fresh air, to be a feasible physical activity (controlled AD). Treatment of high diastolic blood pressure is with medication. The drugs used in raising the lower pressure:

  • beta-blockers (Atenolol, Bisoprolol, Metoprolol, Propanolol);
  • blockers receptor angiotensin II (Losartan, Valsartan);
  • calcium channel blockers (Verapamil, Nifedipine);
  • ACE inhibitors (enalapril, Ramipril, Perindopril);
  • diuretics (diuretics) along with potassium (Hydrochlorothiazide, Diacarb, Lasix + potassium Panangin or Asparcam);
  • diuretics with kaliysberegayuschimi effect (Triamterene, Spironolactone).

With the development of hypertension, drugs used quick actions:

  • Nifedipine (Corinfar);
  • Captopril (Capoten).

The use of any drug should be agreed with the doctor. If there is a hypertensive crisis, you should immediately call an ambulance. The detection of symptoms or check-raising the lower pressure you need to seek medical help. The doctor will prescribe the necessary examination, which may reveal have not yet established disease, contributing to the increase in diastolic pressure. In any case, the doctor will give advice on treatment and lifestyle.