Lupus: the disease, symptoms, how to treat photos
Systemic lupus erythematosus – a disease known for more than a hundred and fifty years. The name of the disease was due to the similarity of symptoms with the bites of the wolf, causing red spots on the body and called lupus erythematosus. Later, doctors found that the external symptoms associated with certain pathological changes within the body.
Systemic lupus erythematosus – an autoimmune disease. The human body perceives some of its own cells as foreign and begins to produce antibodies against them. The consequences of such phenomena in suppuration of tissues and organs. Chronically prolonged lupus causes suppuration of the joints, muscles and other parts of the human body, including kidney, skin, heart and blood vessels. Despite the progress in medicine, doctors do not know how to treat the disease, and can only relieve his symptoms, to prevent worsening of the disease.
As with all inflammatory diseases, lupus is characterized by periods of exacerbation and remission. There is a classification for which there are three stages of disease: minimal, moderate and pronounced. In addition, the nature of the flow is allocated to acute, subacute and chronic course of the disease. Systemic lupus erythematosus more commonly affects women than men. The first symptoms often appear between the ages of fifteen to forty-five years, after which the symptoms will only get worse. In rare cases, lupus is detected in early childhood or in old age.
Varieties of pathology
Lupus erythematosus may manifest in several variants, which have different severity, but all in one way or another provoke the development of classical symptoms of the disease. Consider the types of lupus:
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- Diskoidnaya lupus – the disease is characterized by skin lesions. Most often the symptoms are on the face, the skin of the skull, in the armpits. In place of the spots formed scaly thickening. This rash lasts long enough and the periods of recurrence short.
- Drug induced lupus – the illness, triggered by taking certain medications. Symptoms of this type of gathering with the classic lupus patients develop arthritis, rashes, fever, chest pain. Usually these symptoms disappear after the patient stops taking the medicine. The most aggressive substances that trigger lupus are hydralazine, isoniazid, procainamide, methyldopa, dilantin, and carbamazepine. Knowing what kind of disease, the patient will need to cancel certain products and to replace more loyal counterparts.
- Neonatal lupus, or neonatal lupus. The disease occurs in those children whose mothers suffered from lupus erythematosus or other autoimmune disorders. Such babies can have congenital heart defects, anomalies of the liver, diseases of the blood (reduction of quantity of formed elements). The most terrible violation – a heart pathology. For systemic lupus erythematosus in newborns can be diagnosed in advance. Knowing what it is, treatment can begin in the first hours after birth.
The causes of the disease
Doctors are unable to establish the exact cause of the disease since the occurrence of lupus is influenced by a complex of reasons: genetic factors, environmental exposure, immune status and hormonal background. A triggering factor to the development of lupus, the potential patient may be stress, severe colds, pregnancy or abortion. Doctors do not consider viruses as causes of lupus, however, viral diseases often provoke the rapid development of pathology. Systemic lupus erythematosus it is impossible to catch from another person.
Symptoms of the disease
Diagnosis often is difficult because symptoms of the disease are very individual. It is very difficult to select all criteria that match lupus. However, consider the most common symptoms manifested in patients:
The whole complex of these symptoms do not necessarily occur in all patients suffering from systemic lupus erythematosus. Often the disease affects only one system of organs, and provokes the appearance is only part of the symptoms. Most often affects the musculoskeletal system, causing ill feeling myalgia, they have inflamed joints. Multi-organ lupus affects multiple organs from different systems. The most susceptible are the kidneys, Central nervous system, heart, lungs, blood vessels and the blood.
Kidney patients develop lupus nephritis, after which the body stops actively excrete decay products. While patients are often unaware of the kidney failure because painful sensations this pathology not characterized. The most striking symptom of renal disease, edema around the eyes and in the feet can decrease the amount of daily urine.
In the CNS, the patients complain of headache, memory problems, visual disturbances, convulsions. Others only see that the behaviour of these patients has changed – they become depressed or irritable.
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Changes in the blood and blood vessels are characterized by a decrease in the number of red blood cells and platelets. The decrease of these elements threatens the fragility of blood vessels, bleeding, increased blood clots.
Change of heart may affect all membranes, causing endocarditis, myocarditis or pericarditis. With the involvement in the pathological process of large vessels developing coronary vasculitis.
Easy affected by lupus erythematosus, produces shortness of breath, cough, respiratory distress, chest pain. Autoimmune inflammation of the lungs is easily spread on serous membranes in contact with other bodies. In this case, it is possible to Radiomania pain.
The treatment of the disease
Therapy of the illness requires treatment by doctors of different specialties – Nephrology, rheumatology, Hematology. Before you treat the patient by other specialists, conducted a comprehensive examination of the body. Because to cure the disease not the therapy resolves the following problems:
To treat patients using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants, phytotherapeutic drugs. Patients it is important to follow a diet less to be in the sun, loading the body with moderate exercise.