Multiple sclerosis: what is it?
In the normal Central nervous system, including the brain, is composed entirely of nerve tissue. When sclerosis of the parenchyma (functional units of the body consisting of identical cells) is replaced by connective tissue. The structure and function of connective and nervous tissue are different, so the new cells are unable to perform the functions of the Central nervous system. Disrupted body as a whole.
Types of multiple sclerosis
There are 7 main kinds of multiple sclerosis.
When the occurrence of sclerotic changes in other organs, the patient can diagnose otosclerosis — an abnormal increase in the bone in the middle ear; osteosclerosis — bone seal, etc.
We should also highlight postmyocardial cardio. What is it? So we call a disease that develops as a result of myocarditis — inflammation of heart muscle. When cardiosclerosis myocardial tissue, which forces the heart to contract are replaced by connective tissue. Distinguished history of large and small focal cardiosclerosis. These concepts characterize the size of the scar of connective tissue is formed of muscle cells. Micardisbuy cardiosclerosis dangerous loss of heart its functions and the development of heart failure.
The causes of multiple sclerosis depend on which organ is damaged and the variety of the disease. Possible factors in the development of pathology can be:
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- wear and tear of joint tissues;
- pathology of the cardiovascular system, in particular atherosclerosis;
- circulatory disorders;
- metabolic disorders;
- malfunctions of the immune system;
- hereditary characteristics;
- a weakened immune system;
- senile age.
Often treatment of multiple sclerosis are medication methods and depends on the specific type of disease. Patient is prescribed the diuretic and hormonal drugs, as well as (if necessary) anti-inflammatory and immunomodulators. In disorders of the mind and psyche, we recommend taking sedative drugs. Particularly challenging cases involve the use of antidepressants. As maintenance therapy administered vitamin complexes and antioxidants.
In multiple sclerosis full recovery is impossible, as no such cases yet was not. To maintain the health of the patient assigned to the immunomodulators, chemotherapy and corticosteroids. Patients with multiple sclerosis are advised to avoid stress, overwork, overeating, infectious diseases and heat — all these factors can trigger a relapse.
Multiple sclerosis is a serious disease that involves the pathological process of almost all tissues and organs. Do not self-medicate, just in time to appointed correct therapy can get rid of the effects of multiple sclerosis!