Multiple sclerosis: what is it?

In the normal Central nervous system, including the brain, is composed entirely of nerve tissue. When sclerosis of the parenchyma (functional units of the body consisting of identical cells) is replaced by connective tissue. The structure and function of connective and nervous tissue are different, so the new cells are unable to perform the functions of the Central nervous system. Disrupted body as a whole.

Types of multiple sclerosis

There are 7 main kinds of multiple sclerosis.

  • Most common multiple sclerosis is an inflammation of the nervous system with irreversible destruction of the myelin sheath of nerve fibers. New cells are formed more slowly than destroying the old. Because of this, the nerves lose their natural protection, become «exposed». Most often multiple sclerosis affects women, young people aged 20 to 40 years and the inhabitants of Northern Europe.
  • Another common type is the senile sclerosis. Actually, it’s not sclerotic changes in their usual medical sense, but age-related dementia — dementia. Typically, the pathology associated with death of neurons due to old age. Senile (like memory loss) may occur in people with Alzheimer’s disease, pick’s disease, etc.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis affects not only the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord but also peripheral vessels. The disease progresses chronically, gradually, over time, leads to a significant deterioration of health. Found in 50 cases out of 1 000 000 patients. Unlike multiple sclerosis, this disease is more often diagnosed in men after reaching the age of forty.
  • With the development of vascular sclerosis of the brain is crucial in atherosclerosis. Cholesterol plaques clog the arteries and veins that violates the circulation in the Central nervous system. This leads to lack of oxygen and nutrients in the brain. The body is suffering from hypoxia (oxygen starvation), partially loses its function. The lack of oxygen in the cells causes the development of cysts and scars in the brain.
  • Subchondral sclerosis zamechatelnyh plates characterized by flow pathology in the joints, their bone tissues. In the subchondral plate, there has been active circulation, which is disturbed by chronic diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system.
  • Tuberous sclerosis is a type of neuroectodermal pathology. This means that if the disease affect not only the nervous system but also human skin. The pathological process is accompanied by dermatologic manifestations and the formation of benign tumors in the internal organs.
  • Pick’s disease is rapidly progressing chronic disease of the brain. In this disease the brain atrophy, most often on the part of the forehead and temples. Diagnosed in patients of middle (50 – 60 years) age are rare. Pick’s disease is manifested acquired dementia, with severe disorder of speech, memory and thinking.
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    When the occurrence of sclerotic changes in other organs, the patient can diagnose otosclerosis — an abnormal increase in the bone in the middle ear; osteosclerosis — bone seal, etc.
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    We should also highlight postmyocardial cardio. What is it? So we call a disease that develops as a result of myocarditis — inflammation of heart muscle. When cardiosclerosis myocardial tissue, which forces the heart to contract are replaced by connective tissue. Distinguished history of large and small focal cardiosclerosis. These concepts characterize the size of the scar of connective tissue is formed of muscle cells. Micardisbuy cardiosclerosis dangerous loss of heart its functions and the development of heart failure.


    The causes of multiple sclerosis depend on which organ is damaged and the variety of the disease. Possible factors in the development of pathology can be:

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    • inflammation;
    • wear and tear of joint tissues;
    • pathology of the cardiovascular system, in particular atherosclerosis;
    • circulatory disorders;
    • metabolic disorders;
    • malfunctions of the immune system;
    • hereditary characteristics;
    • a weakened immune system;
    • senile age.


    Often treatment of multiple sclerosis are medication methods and depends on the specific type of disease. Patient is prescribed the diuretic and hormonal drugs, as well as (if necessary) anti-inflammatory and immunomodulators. In disorders of the mind and psyche, we recommend taking sedative drugs. Particularly challenging cases involve the use of antidepressants. As maintenance therapy administered vitamin complexes and antioxidants.

    In multiple sclerosis full recovery is impossible, as no such cases yet was not. To maintain the health of the patient assigned to the immunomodulators, chemotherapy and corticosteroids. Patients with multiple sclerosis are advised to avoid stress, overwork, overeating, infectious diseases and heat — all these factors can trigger a relapse.

    Multiple sclerosis is a serious disease that involves the pathological process of almost all tissues and organs. Do not self-medicate, just in time to appointed correct therapy can get rid of the effects of multiple sclerosis!