Pain in frontal part of the head and temples: causes
Headache is one of the most frequent complaints with which people go to the doctor. The causes that can lead to such pain can be very diverse. Not necessarily a headache reflects problems in the head, so to postpone the visit to the doctor and conducting a survey is not necessary, it is possible to miss a serious disease. The doctor will help you figure out where the hidden pathology, and that is causing the pain.
Why headache in the forehead?
All the reasons to have a headache in the forehead, can be divided into several large groups:
- pathology of brain vessels;
- pathology of the nervous system;
- infectious factor in the form of viral or bacterial intoxication;
- muscle spasm;
- traumatic brain or other injury;
- other reasons.
Each reason, in turn, has its own characteristics that you need to know to prevent the development of severe disease and excruciating pain.
Vascular causes of headache. Blood vessels play an important role in the delivery of oxygen to brain tissue. Hypoxia (oxygen starvation) irritated pain receptors and headache. Spasm of blood vessels in the head can be caused by high blood pressure (hypertension), inflammation of arteries (arteritis). In addition, pain can occur when a sudden vasodilation or excessive filling them with blood. Then there is pulsation in the head, the patient feels that his head is pounding rhythmically. Pathology of the veins (weakness of the venous wall, venous stasis, obstruction to outflow of venous blood in the form of tumors or scar) leads to increased intracranial pressure, which causes bursting pain from the inside. The patient in such cases feels that the head is going to explode.
Nervous causes. There are pain, referred to as fascicular or clustered. It occurs abruptly, is accompanied by redness and watering of eyes, deprives a person of sleep. Appears suddenly and also suddenly disappears. The causes of such pain are not fully understood. Another common reason for pain in the forehead from the nervous system is a migraine. Pain arises abruptly, cover not only the forehead but also other parts of the head, mainly on one side. Neuritis of the facial or trigeminal nerve is one of the reasons for the frontal pain. The disease is manifested by pain in the front part of the head that extends up to the forehead. This pain usually occurs after exposure to cold or infectious diseases (SARS, influenza).
Infectious causes. Toxins of viruses or bacteria poison the body from the inside, depriving it of fluids and oxygen. The brain, like anyone else, responds quickly to hypoxia and dehydration, so the receptors send signals about the anxiety that manifests itself in the form of pain. This applies not only to infections in the head and internal organs. Very often such infectious diseases as sinusitis or sinusitis cause severe pain in the frontal part of the head. This is due to the fact that accumulated in the axils of pus or exudate (inflammatory liquid) presses from the inside against the walls of the sinuses, causing unbearable pain. In addition, it may be infectious themselves inflammation of the meninges (meningitis) or brain tissue (encephalitis). In these cases, will hurt not only the forehead but also other parts of the head (nape, whisky). But pain, in these diseases the patient has nausea, vomiting, loss of consciousness and fever.
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Muscle spasm, low back pain. Reasons may be incorrect position of the head and neck while working at a Desk or computer, the curvature of the spine and degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine. To strengthen this pain can any emotional stress or stress. Feature of of stress of pain is that it binds the head as in a vise. The pain starts from the forehead and extends to the temples, neck, embracing his head.
Injuries to the head or spine. Even the most minor injury could leave behind serious consequences. So, a small «bump» on the forehead can cause bleeding in the brain (stroke) that will appear sharp headache. Spinal injury will lead to displacement of the head or vertebrae that interferes with the blood supply to the brain and also cause pain.
One of the most unusual but very common causes of headaches in the forehead is the poisoning of food additives. Nitrates, nitrites, monosodium glutamate, flavor enhancers contained in the products that poison the body and cause headache. Space-occupying lesions in the brain (tumors, cysts of Echinococcus) also cause pain. If they are localized in the frontal part of the head, the pain will occur in these departments. In addition to the above reasons, the frontal part of the head can hurt for unexplained reasons, when the examination no pathological changes were found. Such pain is called pain of unknown origin or idiopathic pain.
Headache in the forehead and temples
Very often pain in the frontal part of the head accompanied by pain in the temporal part. The reason for such pain can be vascular pathology in these areas or chronic fatigue, stress, injury or dislocation of the temporomandibular joint, as well as a number of other factors.
Summarizing, we can say that to ignore the headache is not worth it. Any pain is a signal that the body something is wrong. Especially require the advice of a specialist condition when pain occurs intermittently, does not pass after taking pain medication, is accompanied by other symptoms (nausea, vomiting, fever, convulsions, loss of consciousness, etc.). If you experience headaches in a child you need to contact the pediatrician or child neurologist who will find out the cause of illness.