Phlebitis of the lower extremities: symptoms and treatment
Phlebitis is a disease, inflammation of the vein walls. The most common form of the disease is phlebitis of the veins of the lower extremities.
The types of the disease
Doctors distinguish acute and chronic phlebitis of the veins of the lower extremities. The danger of the disease lies in the fact that after prolonged inflammation of the vascular walls simply collapse. In the acute form of the disease the patient is acutely feels all the painful symptoms, in chronic phlebitis, the disease can be a long time asymptomatic.
At the place of defeat of the vascular wall secrete:
- andfleet – defeat the inner wall of the vein with subsequent inflammation begins after mechanical damage of the vessel;
- periflebit – defeat the outer shell of the vein;
- panfluit – involvement in the pathological process of all the shells of the vessel.
Phlebitis of the veins of the lower extremities may develop like:
- injection phlebitis – vein inflammation that develops after an improperly performed injection or by chemical reaction to a medical product;
- migratory – the defeat of the veins of the upper and lower extremities, which develop as a result of prolonged inflammatory process.
To provoke inflammation can veins different causes, but most often it is:
- infectious factor, occurs when infection with Staphylococcus aureus;
- a mechanical factor that can influence the vessel in case of wrong catheterization of the vein or if an incorrect puncture during injection of the hand;
- chemical factor that affects the veins in the arm and lower limbs after chemical burns;
- allergic reaction.
In acute course of the disease, the patient observes changes in the location of: Vienna becomes rough and hard. On palpation there is a feeling of acute pain. The skin at the site of inflammation is red and itchy, under your fingers you can feel a tense cord. In addition to the local symptoms, acute phlebitis of lower limb veins may be accompanied by General weakness, pain in the extremities and elevated body temperature.
The chronic course of the disease the clinical picture is erased. In periods of remission, the process subsides, the patient may not notice any pathological changes. In periods of relapse clinical picture is fully consistent with the syndrome of acute phlebitis. Inflammation of the veins, and deep, accompanied by swelling of the lower extremities that significantly worsens the patient’s quality of life.
Under the generalized form of phlebitis patients may experience intoxication symptoms: sweating, fever, associated with high fever, severe headache and vomiting. Marked yellowness whites of the eyes and skin.
A very dangerous complication of the disease is thrombosis.
Methods of treatment and prevention
Treatment of phlebitis of the veins carried out under the supervision of the attending physician, individually designed tactic, which takes into account several factors:
- the age of the patient;
- the cause of the disease;
- allergic anamnesis;
- the severity of the disease.
To accurately diagnose the disease and to select appropriate treatment, it is necessary to conduct a series of diagnostic procedures, including angiography and ultrasonography provide more information.
Treatment of phlebitis can be performed in several ways:
- treatment with folk methods.
At the initial stage the treatment of phlebitis is an outpatient procedure with the help of conservative methods of therapy. When purulent lesions of the vessels is necessary to hospitalize the patient in a hospital where the treatment will be conducted under the close supervision of the surgeon and phlebologist.
To reduce the disturbing symptoms and eliminate inflammation in the veins it is advisable to use:
- the broad-spectrum antibiotics;
- anti-inflammatory drugs non-steroidal origin.
- drugs that promote blood thinners.
In addition to systemic exposure, it is necessary to use a liniment for topical treatment, which promote rapid recovery, relieve inflammation and swelling, and also blood thinners. With this purpose often use Troxevazinum ointment, gel Lioton, Heparin ointment. These liniments need several times a day to RUB into the affected area of the veins.
Conservative treatment should be supplemented with a change in the usual lifestyle of the patient:
- rational fractional power in which there is a sufficient amount of vitamins, fruits and vegetables;
- the complete exclusion from the life of the patient as nicotine and alcohol;
- feasible physical activity;
- a sufficient amount of time allotted to sleep for the night and rest.
In the case when conservative therapy does not bring the expected effect or the risk of developing complications in the form of thrombosis, the patient is recommended surgical treatment. These operations are carried out in specialized centers; after the intervention it is necessary to carefully follow all recommendations of the attending physician in the rehabilitation period.
Traditional methods of treatment produces a therapeutic effect, but it is best if they will complement the primary medical treatment. Very well proven teas prepared from the leaves of hazelnut, viburnum, marigold. Topically, you can apply compresses of a decoction of calendula, mother and stepmother, grated horseradish.
For the prevention of disease is very important to follow a few simple rules:
- the observance of perfect hygiene of the body;
- timely treatment of wounds and pustulous skin diseases of the lower extremities;
- in the event of diseases which are complicated with phlebitis (varicose veins of the lower extremities), must be timely treatment of the disease;
- at the first disturbing symptoms should go to a doctor for professional medical help immediately.
Phlebitis is a serious disease, but timely treatment and preventive methods can be overcome and lead an active and fulfilling life.