Poor blood clotting: causes, treatment
The formation of a thrombus in a vessel is a protective mechanism of the body, which normally is triggered by contact of blood with oxygen and serves to prevent loss of blood. If it were not for this mechanism, persons with any wound or injury could die from blood loss, he could not carry out the operation or to remove the tooth. That is why coagulation (blood test that reflects the clotting ability of blood) is a required analysis before surgery, childbirth, during pregnancy. It is also prescribed for a number of complaints, which can cause the low blood clotting.
Poor blood clotting, possible causes
It should be noted that the formation of a thrombus (physiological hemostasis) is a chain of sequential processes. In the implementation of the mechanism of blood clotting involves over a dozen different proteins, trace elements and cells. If you lack one of the factors is violated, the entire process of blood formation. Reduced blood clotting means that the mechanism of thrombus formation in any of the components is missing or malfunctioning.
The normal process of clot formation in vessels is controlled by the endocrine and nervous systems and the blood system. Most clotting factors are formed in the cells of the liver and spleen, that’s why the main reasons for the decline of coagulation are disease or pathological condition of the nervous and endocrine systems, the liver or the blood system.
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What is the analysis that reflects the clotting of blood?
Biochemical analysis of blood, the results of which you can judge the efficiency of the blood coagulation system, called koagulogrammou. It shows the coagulation time and the blood levels of some blood coagulation factors. If there is a need to determine the level of calcium in the blood, vitamin K or one of the clotting factors – for this purpose there are special tests.
Symptoms of low blood clotting
- Rashes on the skin. Depending on the reasons for poor clotting in the skin can appear as small petechial hemorrhages (petechiae) and a large hematoma.
- Bleeding in the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, intestines. The latter option may cause blood in the stool.
- Bleeding in the brain. Occur when the fragile blood vessels and low blood clotting.
- With trauma, laceration, contusion blood for a long time does not stop.
- Bleeding in the joints, muscles and internal organs can be observed in the hereditary disease hemophilia. Bruising (hematoma) can occur even with minor mechanical damage.
Treatment of the causes that led to the lowering of the clotting ability of blood
Medication low coagulation – this ambulance body. Depending on the causes of poor clotting, the patient may be assigned a lifetime use of certain drugs (for example, hemophilia) and diet enriched with vitamins and calcium. In any case, the treatment of such pathology as reduced clotting ability of blood is a complex of events.