Preparations of magnesium for the heart: a review of the popular drugs
Every organ for proper functioning requires a number of minerals and vitamins, which usually enter the body with food. If we talk about the heart muscle, it needs magnesium and potassium. When the food comes insufficient quantity, physician decision on prescribing drugs that contain them at the right volume.
Effects of magnesium and potassium on the body
Potassium is necessary for normal functioning of the conduction system of the heart, intestines, blood pressure monitoring, transmission of excitation from nerve to muscle, maintain water and electrolyte balance. In addition, this element takes part in the regulation of metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates, their synthesis and conversion of glucose into glycogen. The need for it depends on human activity. When different physical exercise per day may require from 2 to 5 g of potassium, and to fill it with food quite easily. For example, the banana is the daily need of the element, and it is absorbed almost 90 % (provided that the body works normally and problems with the intestines not). In addition to bananas, this element is rich in leafy greens, dried apricots, raisins, beans, melon, watermelon, kiwi, in small quantities it is in black bread, potatoes, beef and milk.
Magnesium is required for energy through the breakdown of glucose. In addition, he is involved in many processes of the body, aimed at the stability and recovery of cells, affects neuromuscular transmission, maintenance of vascular tone, improves the absorption of calcium. This effect allows you to keep the cardiovascular, muscular and skeletal systems were normal. The daily norm is 400 mg. can be Obtained from cereals, legumes, cabbage, nuts, seafood and fish. Magnesium-rich milk and cheese, and the absorption is much higher.
The symptoms of lack of potassium and magnesium
If the body of potassium, it replaces the sodium received by a person of ordinary table salt, and in this case, the consumption of it increases. However, this threatens to increase circulating blood volume due to the saturation of the body with salt and water. Because of this, the heart becomes hard to decrease, especially if the body lacks magnesium. It is expressed with chest pain, arrhythmia. Due to the inability of the heart to fully contract and relax could happen oxygen starvation of the organism.
If you have a rapid irregular pulse and high blood pressure, your body is probably lacking potassium and magnesium. A person can feel constant unjustified lack of energy, apathy, cramps and inability to concentrate. Any one of these symptoms is cause to immediately consult a doctor for examination, on the basis of which it can appoint special preparations of magnesium and potassium to normalize the functioning of the heart.
Potassium and magnesium
If there is disruption in the intestines, in particular, impaired absorption, and obtain data elements from food in the right quantity is impossible, the doctor may prescribe special medications. They should be used in sufficiently large doses, as in one pill content of the respective trace element is low.
Another name Asparkam. This drug is the most popular and at the same time quite inexpensive. Given if you have any heart problems, including arrhythmia and angina. The main purpose of the reception Panangina to compensate for the potassium loss while taking diuretics, which are used in hypertension or heart failure. In the diagnosis of ventricular arrhythmias the drug can normalize the rhythm, but more often used as auxiliary means.
Assigned to medication as a preventive elderly patients in case of recurrent arrhythmia, paroxysmal tachycardia, in combination with a reduced level of potassium. In addition, Panangin able to improve the tolerability of cardiac glycosides and prevent side effects from them.
Or magnesium orotate dihydrate. Used with caution as can cause allergies, loss of appetite, nausea, diarrhea. Used for the treatment of children older than 1 year. Is assigned in the complex therapy and as a preventive treatment for the following diseases:
- the heart attack;
- heart failure (chronic form);
- arrhythmias due to magnesium deficiency;
- the angiospasm;
Feature of the product is the possibility of a prolonged use.
Available in two forms: tablets and solution for internal ingestion. A feature of the drug is a combination of the dihydrate of magnesium lactate and vitamin B6. Is used to relieve muscle spasms and cramps in the gastrointestinal tract, recovery heart rate, normalize sleep, eliminate irritability. You can use pregnant.
Accepted and analogues In Magne-6, among which are Magistad, Magnelis V-6, a Taxonomist, magnesium + B6. They are quite rich in these micronutrients, so the daily dosage can be small.
This drug is quite effective and popular because it contains a combination of acetylsalicylic acid and magnesium hydroxide. Thanks to this combination drug prevents the damage of the mucosa by acetylsalicylic acid. Indications for admission Cardiomagnyl are:
- adolescent hypertension, which is combined with overweight, hyperlipidemia and genetics of cardiovascular diseases;
- baby coronarita that arise as a result of Kawasaki disease, infective endocarditis;
- systemic vasculitis;
- vegetative dystonia;
- infectious-toxic cardiopathy;
- medications that provoke an accelerated withdrawal of magnesium from the body;
- myocardial infarction.
This drug is an aqueous solution of magnesium carbonate and citric acid. The first component is used to normalize the acid-alkaline balance of the body in hypoxia and other pathological conditions. In addition, the citrate of magnesium may be delivered to the cells of biologically active substances and neutralize toxins. The combination of magnesium citrate and mutually enhances each component’s impact on the body.
Another name for Magnesium sulfate. This drug can relieve the swelling of the vascular wall, resulting in a decrease in blood pressure. That is why magnesium sulfate is used for the relief of hypertensive crisis, and allowed the use of the drug during pregnancy.
Magnesium sulfate powder is used as a laxative; in the IVS to reduce the swelling and tone the uterus during pregnancy.
Drugs magnesium and potassium are to a greater extent auxiliary than these that can treat cardiovascular disease. They help to carry out substitution treatment in the case diagnosed the lack of these elements in the body. Despite the apparent safety of the medication, taking them should monitor a doctor. This is due to the fact that harmful is not only the lack of potassium and magnesium in the body, but also their excess.
Remember that synthetic magnesium and potassium will not be a full replacement for natural ingredients, they can only complement a proper diet.