Pressure 140 100: what to do?
Blood pressure is one of the most important indicators of the body. The average normal pressure is considered 120/80 or 120/70. However, hypertension (high blood pressure) is a very common syndrome, which people might not suspect.
On blood pressure (BP)
Hell is the pressure of blood on the walls of the arteries due to the pumping work of the heart. The pressure is measured by a special device – sphygmomanometer and expressed in millimeters of mercury. The result shows 2 pressure – top and bottom. The maximum force HELL up when ejection of blood from the aorta (left ventricle contraction) and is called systolic or upper (systole – contraction). Minimal force is relaxed the ventricle is diastolic or lower pressure (diastole – relaxation).
High blood pressure numbers
To acceptable standards include: top AD – 120 – 100, bottom – 80 – 60 mm Hg. station Pressure can be increased with load and stress, but in the absence of pathology is quickly restored to normal values. If the pressure is 140 over 90 or 140 over 80, it indicates an isolated arterial hypertension (diastolic pressure is elevated, lower or normal to boundary terms). You should monitor the blood pressure several days, and with results to go to the doctor. With available pathological symptoms (headache, especially with nausea, heaviness in the vertical position; frequent dizziness) to consult a doctor immediately.
High pulse pressure
The gap between the upper (systolic) and lower (diastolic) pressure is called pulse pressure and normally ranges from 30 to 40 mm Hg. Even if you change the HELL in the direction of increase or decrease pulse pressure usually is maintained at their level. However, in some cases the difference is more than 40 mm, which is a symptom of any pathology. When pressure is 140 over 70, and even more – 140 to 60, you need a thorough examination. A large gap in pressure may be the cause of serious diseases of heart, vessels and the endocrine system, such as:
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- aortic insufficiency (valve defect);
- outdoor botallov (aortic) flow;
- other heart disease;
- heart block;
- coarctation of the aorta;
- heart failure (chronic);
- intracranial hypertension;
- atherosclerotic changes in coronary and other vessels;
- severe course of hyperthyroidism.
In such diseases, accompanied by high pulse pressure, need constant supervision and treatment from a cardiologist.
Pressure 140 100
This AD is the first manifestation of arterial hypertension (hypertensive disease). Often this condition is revealed only to medical examinations or preventive visits to the clinic. Therefore, if the pressure is raised above normal at least once, should be monitored periodically. It is better to purchase a blood pressure monitor and measure daily. What if high blood pressure detected for several days in a row? You must consult a doctor for examination and appointment of appropriate treatment. Independently there is no drug can not be accepted.
While these indicators may develop a hypertensive crisis, symptoms of which are:
- intense headache;
- nausea and/or vomiting;
- the «veil» or «flies» before eyes;
- severe weakness;
- the appearance of a sticky sweat.
In this case you need to call an ambulance, which will help to remove krizova condition and to adequately reduce the pressure. In the future, you should visit a therapist, even if they feel normal, and complaints about the current state of health almost no. In the untimely appeal to the experts, the scornful attitude to the treatment of the inevitable development of a variety of irreversible complications, such as:
- Coronary artery disease with angina and risk of heart attack;
- heart failure;
- myocardial weakness;
- cerebral stroke;
- kidney failure;
- intracranial hypertension;
The reasons for the development of hypertension
To trigger the development of blood pressure increase can the following factors:
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- chronic stress and excessive emotional stress;
- irrational increased food (eating copious amounts of fatty, smoked, salted, fried food);
- regular consumption of alcoholic beverages;
- excessive Smoking;
- lack of sleep;
- frequent intense exercise.
Symptomatic hypertension occurs in somatic diseases, such as:
- pathology of the kidney (polycystic, pyelonephritis, nephropathy);
- endocrine diseases (acromegaly, hypothalamic syndrome);
- diseases of the Central nervous system (encephalopathy);
- hematological disease (erythremia).
Treatment of hypertension stage 1
It is very important for hypertensive patients, especially in the early stages of the disease when the pressure is not above 140 over 100, apply non-pharmacological measures. This normalization of weight, corrected diet, healthy recreation, physical activity, adequate sleep, minimizing Smoking and alcohol consumption (best – total failure), decrease the intake amount of salt that you include in the menu of plant-based foods containing vitamins and minerals (potassium, magnesium).
Drug treatment in the first stage of hypertension is usually carried out with one drug (monotherapy), which is chosen individually. Commonly prescribed potassium-sparing diuretic (Spironolactone) or beta-blocker (Propanolol). Perhaps the appointment vasodilating (vasodilator) medication (Sinopharm). Directly hypertensive activity have drugs that affect ReninAngiotensin system (Captopril, enalapril, Prestarium). When symptomatic hypertension paying attention to treatment of the underlying disease, combining it with the correction of HELL.