Pressure early pregnancy
Monitoring of blood pressure in pregnant women is an important part of pregnancy. High blood pressure in early pregnancy threatened abortion, delayed embryo development and other serious complications.
In the body of a pregnant woman throughout the period of carrying a child there are different adjustment. Hormonal changes, depressed immune defense (this is necessary to save the fetus), increases the bloodstream and the volume of circulating blood, increasing the weight, changing the location of the internal organs. All this leads to the fact that the capacity of a woman before pregnancy health problems worse.
Faster just starting to respond to the changes in the body kidney, cardiovascular system and endocrine organs. Moreover, the deterioration of health in women, usually occurs in the first weeks of the pregnancy: occasionally the pressure increases, the «jumps» of sugar in the blood, a headache, weakness, nausea, palpitations, etc. a Special attention among all these symptoms, doctors give high blood pressure – hypertension.
What pressure is considered high?
About the increased pressure they say in the case if it exceeds the figures of 140/90 mm Hg. article it is important that the indicator was measured at rest, since the future mother is often a so-called white coat hypertension, caused by stress and fear of visiting the hospital.
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In addition, women at the first appointment in the antenatal clinic it is advisable to inform the doctor about his usual pressure before pregnancy. If it’s always been low (e.g., 90/60 mm Hg. calendar), the numbers 130/90 during pregnancy gynecologist can be regarded as a hypertension, especially when deterioration of health of the patient.
The causes of high blood pressure in pregnant women
Causes of hypertension in the early stages of carrying a child can be:
- heart disease;
- hypertension arising before pregnancy;
- endocrine disorders (diabetes, thyrotoxicosis, etc.);
- kidney disease;
- neurological disorders and stress.
What to do?
Upon detection of high blood pressure should consult a doctor, because it is crucial to identify the cause of the problem and start treatment in time. Uncropped high blood pressure during pregnancy early in the discussion subsequently leads to the development of placental insufficiency, malnutrition of the fetus, premature birth and other serious complications (silly to be afraid of the medication and to wait that the pressure is normalized independently over time). In addition, sharp jumps in blood pressure in the first trimester can cause miscarriage. The plan of examination of expectant mothers with hypertension usually includes:
- General clinical studies of blood and urine.
- Tests for thyroid hormones.
- Determination of blood sugar.
- Blood pressure monitoring (to measure the pressure several times a day, preferably at the same time, and record all the data).
- Ultrasound of the heart, kidneys, thyroid gland.
- Consultation of therapist, cardiologist, endocrinologist.
After the examination, the woman is prescribed therapy aimed at normalization of blood pressure and relief of the underlying disease, if diagnosed. Their own to begin antihypertensive therapy in pregnant women is very dangerous, because most drugs moms absolutely contraindicated.
In addition to drug therapy, pregnant women with high blood pressure must comply with malasaeva diet so that fluid does not stagnate in the body, more rest, walking on air, not nervous, and, of course, to regularly visit the gynecologist, to hand over blood tests and urine tests to monitor the fetus (ultrasound examination).
Doctors believed that I had cured the hypertension!
«Hypertension is not a death sentence. Just need to take care of myself» — the blog of actor Oleg Tabakov.
To start the prevention of hypertension is necessary at the stage of pregnancy planning. It is desirable to have a complete examination and to treat identified illnesses. Special attention doctors recommend to pay kidneys, heart and endocrine organs. Women with heart defects should consult about the possibility and safety of pregnancy with cardiologists.
In addition, it should be remembered that in the course of pregnancy negatively influenced by bad habits. For example, Smoking is the leading precipitating factor in the development of hypertension. Therefore all dependencies that can harm a child’s development, must be eliminated before conception.