Prevention of thrombosis: simple ways to avoid illness

According to statistics, today the vessels 70% of people affected by thrombosis. In this disease in the lumen of vessels or cavities of the heart to form blood clots that prevent blood flow. The clot causes heart attacks, strokes, thrombophlebitis and other diseases. What factors provoke thrombosis and how can you protect yourself from this disease?

 

Risk factors

There are people for whom the prevention of thrombosis the most relevant. Who is increased tendency to form blood clots? This:

  • men after age 40;
  • women who have started menopause;
  • people, patients with obesity;
  • those who suffer from diseases of the cardiovascular system, diseases of the kidneys;
  • suffering from pathologies that are accompanied by blood clots;
  • lovers of alcohol and cigarettes;
  • sedentary;
  • suffering from cancer;
  • those who are prone to stress.

Other factors that serve as the trigger for the development of thrombosis:

  • injury;
  • diseases of a hereditary nature;
  • eating «wrong» foods.

Профилактика тромбоза: простые способы избежать заболевания

An integrated approach

Prevention of blood clots should be based on an integrated approach. First you need to figure out whether a person has a predisposition to thrombosis. Those who have at least one risk factor, it is recommended to conduct blood testing to identify thrombophilia. If there is a tendency to thrombosis, the time to do a comprehensive prevention and strengthening blood vessels. To preventive measures are:

  • An active lifestyle and a variety of working conditions by carrying out of industrial gymnastics.
  • Prevention of infectious diseases.
  • Getting rid of bad habits.
  • The rejection of tight clothes.
  • Proper nutrition and eating foods that hinder the formation of blood clots.
  • On doctor’s orders — a medication that reduces the risk of thrombosis.
  • The principles of nutrition

    The diet of people who have a risk of blood clots, should be varied and include the following products:

    • fresh vegetables and fruits;
    • meat low-fat varieties;
    • cereals;
    • dairy products;
    • oil of vegetable origin.

    The daily menu should contain soluble and insoluble fiber, which promote normal gut function and reduce cholesterol. It is important to eat foods that contain omega-3 in significant quantities. Therefore, the diet should include fish and fish oil. If you follow the recommended diet and to eat permitted foods, can reduce blood viscosity and triglyceride levels, reducing the risk of thrombosis.

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    You should fill dishes with vegetable oil, adding seasoning and the garlic and the ginger. It normalizes blood circulation by thinning the blood.

    To reduce the risk of thrombosis will help foods that contain flavonoids, the leader among them is the red grapes. An alternative might be a dry red wine (daily rate — not more than 100 ml), grape juice. To avoid the formation in the blood vessels of blood clots, the menu should include more foods that contain vitamin E:

    • olive oil and Flaxseed;
    • seed sunflower and flax;
    • avocado;
    • wheat is sprouted;
    • flour.

    This vitamin is an antioxidant and positively affects the body, strengthening blood vessels and protective functions, providing anti-sclerotic effect, preventing the occurrence of coronary heart disease.

    There are a number of products that have to be excluded from the diet to avoid thrombosis:

    • fatty meat varieties;
    • margarine;
    • butter;
    • meats;
    • cheese;
    • chocolate and bakery items that contain an excessive amount of fat.

    It is better to abandon sugar, by-products, carbonated drinks, refined flour. A week are allowed to eat no more than 3 egg yolks.

    The list of approved products is wide, so people will not feel the special limitations and can fully and variously to eat.

    Physical activity

    Most people in our profession have to spend the whole day in one position, it does not matter they sit or stand. First of all it concerns office workers, salesmen, drivers. This feature affects the health and causes stagnation of blood, which increases the risk of thrombosis. Even knowing this and understanding the danger of blood clots, not everyone can change jobs or the scope of its activities.

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    However, each due to the additional physical activity may carry out the prevention of thrombosis. This will help regular sport and special gymnastics. Those who are constantly sitting at work, supposed to do a break for 5 minutes every hour. And we are not even talking about the gymnastics in the workplace, you can simply walk to, which will help to stretch your legs.

    During off-time to maintain the tone of veins can dance, Cycling, swimming. The condition of the blood vessels are beneficial Hiking, Jogging, walking at an accelerated pace. You can attend physiotherapy sessions.

    However, not all sports are equally useful to prevent thrombosis. The experts recommend to abandon the occupations which provide the load on the arch of the foot. It’s aerobics, weightlifting, tennis etc. So before you engage in any sport, thrombosis prophylaxis, it is better to get expert advice. Only the doctor will explain what types of activities are effective in prevention of blood clots and cardiovascular disease, as well as give recommendations on how to strengthen blood vessels.

    Профилактика тромбоза: простые способы избежать заболевания

    Prophylaxis in surgical interventions and childbirth

    With any surgical procedure, as well as during labour should be the prevention of thrombosis. There are two main areas — physical methods and medical therapy.

    The first direction consists in bandaging the legs with elastic bandages, use of compression hosiery with a high level of pressure. It prevents stagnation of blood, reducing the risk of blood clots. Also using massage and specific exercise. After surgery, the patient is not allowed to stay, he was advised to get up in the evening or the next morning after surgery. However, after orthopedic surgery, can not be restricted to these measures and often need to use drug therapy.

    Drug therapy

    This method is used after complex operations and higher risk of blood clots caused by other factors. These include coronary heart disease, atrial fibrillation, varicose vein disease of lower limbs etc. the regimen of drugs prescribed by the doctor based on the patient’s condition. For this purpose, several groups of medicines:

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  • Direct anticoagulants are derivatives of heparin. High efficiency injection and can only be used under the supervision of medical personnel. No long-term use because they can cause internal bleeding.
  • Indirect anticoagulants — tablet medication, which block the synthesis of proteins in the liver that are responsible for blood clotting. These funds do not have effect with the first dose, so I accepted on the background of injection, gradually the patient is transferred to a tablet form. At reception there is also a need for continuous monitoring of laboratory parameters of blood in connection with the possibility of bleeding.
  • Antiplatelet agents — drugs that reduce blood clots by inhibiting platelet aggregation. Effective and cheap means — acetylsalicylic acid. Aspirin blocks the synthesis of thromboxane in platelets. The optimal effect is achieved by applying small doses of the drug. Indications for use as the operation is myocardial infarction, unstable angina, ischemic stroke, etc.
  • The use of drugs for prophylaxis of thrombosis allowed solely on prescription. Self struggle with blood clots with medication can be dangerous not only for health, but for the life of the patient.

    Following the simple advice listed above, everyone can reduce the risk of thrombosis, thereby improving the quality of life and possibly extend it.