Prevention of varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins – chronic progressive disease of the veins, accompanied by changes in their tone and shape, and reduced function with the formation of chronic venous insufficiency. Preventive measures will help slow the progression of the disease and reduce the risk of its occurrence those who are not yet suffering from this disease.

«Possible» and «impossible»

Varicose veins of the lower extremities imposes some restrictions on lifestyle. However, it is better to adjust their daily habits than to suffer from advanced forms of the disease and its complications.

  • Excess body weight is one of the main causes of the disease. Life strict control over its own weight reduces the risk of venous nodes and the need for surgical treatment.
  • Any heat treatments cause the blood vessels to expand, which has a detrimental effect on the already low tone of the venous wall. You should avoid saunas, sunbathing and waxing.
  • To properly organize work and rest contraindicated work requiring a long stay in the standing or sitting without the ability to exercise. It is important to find a few minutes during the day to lie down.
  • Welcome moderate regular cyclic load on the muscles of the lower leg. Muscle contractions act like a pump, not allowing the blood to stagnate in the varicose veins. Useful walking, Jogging, Cycling, swimming.
  • It is important to choose physiological footwear – the size, natural materials, do not RUB the foot, a small heel (no higher than 4 cm, otherwise the calf muscles are not fully engaged when walking). Blisters, scratches, and other skin damage treat with antiseptics, prevent the infected wounds on his legs.
  • Will have to give up any items of clothing, girdling the leg. Also harmful to sit in the posture «foot to foot».
  • Avoid any heavy lifting. Is strictly prohibited heavy lifting.
  • Smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages very quickly destroy the walls of blood vessels.
  • In the appointment of any drug tell doctor about varicose veins – this is especially true of hormone therapy, including oral contraceptives.
  • Follow the chair – natureline constipation contribute to increased pressure in the venous line. The same applies to chronic cough, and flatulence.
  • Time to treat infectious diseases (especially in the pelvic area) as a hidden bacterial infection can be cause of phlebitis – threatening complications.
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    Профилактика варикоза вен на ногах

    Active prevention of varicose veins in the legs

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    • To wear special compression stockings – he picks up the doctor-phlebologist, taking into account the stage of disease and size of the feet in volume. You can replace medical stockings and socks on the winding elastic bandage – ask the doctor to show you how to properly execute it. This item is mandatory in pregnant women, as the period of waiting for a baby is a time of heightened stress on the veins of the lower extremities and pelvis.
    • To do a contrast shower for the feet, cool baths for the feet.
    • To take courses of special phlebotonics drugs chosen by the doctor.
    • To do the upward foot massage – stroking in the direction from the foot to the thigh.
    • During the day and during the night’s sleep, tuck the legs in an elevated position so that the feet were above the level of the heart. This is the case when it is useful to put your feet up on the table literally.

    Physiotherapy

    Special exercises improve venous and lymphatic drainage of the lower limbs, normalize microcirculation and trophism of soft tissues.

  • Starting position – lying on his back. Bend one leg at the knee and hip joints, straighten up, hold it for a few seconds and lower to the floor.
  • I. p. the same. Pull both legs to your chest, straighten up, hold, then back to chest and straighten on the floor.
  • I. p. – lying on your back with both legs extended straight up. Socks stop make circular movements in different directions.
  • I. p. – lying on back, straight leg raised on a chair. Turns bend of the foot, directing the toes to the head.
  • Useful exercise «bike» and «birch».
  • I. p. – sitting on a chair with support heels on the floor. Move the socks to the side, keeping the heels off the support.
  • I. p. – standing, feet close. Roll down with the heels on the socks and back, shifting the weight of the body.
  • I. p. the same. Take a deep breath, sits up on tiptoes, stretch arms up. Exhaling, perform the «swallow».
  • I. p. any. Squeeze and relax your gluteal muscles.
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    All exercises, perform 10 to 15 times. The maximum effect is achieved with regular daily exercise. Prevention of varicose veins of the lower extremities requires a disciplined and competent approach, periodic monitoring specialist and non-medication. Careful attention to the feet prolong their health, strength and beauty.