Pulmonary infarction: the essence and symptoms
Pulmonary infarction is a disease which occurs due to blockage of the pulmonary artery formed a clot in it. Also, this condition occurs due to drift of the thrombus from peripheral veins. He closes the arterial lumen, which stimulates the growth of local pressure. This develops into internal bleeding.
Pulmonary infarction can happen to both small and large area of lung tissue. The larger the radius, the higher the probability of death.
Most often this disease occurs as a result of:
Hemorrhagic pulmonary infarction often occurs against a background of myocardial infarction and heart failure. People with obesity also are at risk. The disease often is diagnosed in pregnant women and those who are in the postpartum recovery period. It happens when the growth of the metastases that accompany cancer.
The symptoms of this dangerous disease are hard to miss. First felt discomfort in the chest, and squeezing. While walking and coughing pain is worse. In humans, the rhythm of breathing. Often marked pallor of the skin, while the body stands a cold sweat.
The person has shortness of breath and reduced heart rate and blood pressure. The patient also notes a rise in body temperature and fever. Often there is bruising nasolabial triangle. Yellowing of the skin – a symptom of a massive pulmonary infarction.
Cough is an important symptom of the disease. He first dry, then becomes wet. While coughing blood appears. After a time the man clears his throat with brown mucus.
If there is suspicion of pulmonary infarction, should immediately call an ambulance. When listening to the lungs the doctor will note the noise of friction of pleura and shallow breathing. The decision accurate diagnosis is impossible without performing radiographs of the lung. If the victim had developed pulmonary infarction, the picture will be visible wedge-shaped shadow at the bottom or in the middle of the lung. The most common affected right lung.
Diagnosis is complicated by the fact that the symptoms of this disease are very similar to symptoms of myocardial infarction, so the patient is administered an electrocardiogram. The doctor also pays attention to history. For example, angina may indicate a heart attack, recent surgery or thrombophlebitis – pulmonary infarction.
This disease can also be confused with lobar pneumonia. For the latter, the characteristic fever, herpes rash and expectoration of rust-colored.
Upon admission to the medical institution to the patient also do a blood test and a CT scan of the lungs.
This dangerous disease immediately begin to heal. Therapy must be comprehensive. Primarily eliminated pain syndrome. For this intravenous dipyrone or morphine.
If the patient suffers from shortness of breath is oxygen. Important role in the treatment of pulmonary infarction are playing anticoagulants, for example heparin. This drug is administered intravenously. Heparin stops the formation of blood clots in the lung tissue.
If a person has had hypotonia, he intravenously injected reopoligljukin, which increases the pressure and improves circulation.
Often a heart attack of lungs complicated by the accession of a bacterial infection, so the patient is prescribed a course of penicillin or other antibiotics.
This disease is unacceptable to treat the funds borrowed from folk medicine.
Some preventive measures will help to reduce the risk of disease. If the person survived the operation, it is necessary to provide at least minimal physical activity. Without the pressing need not to take drugs that trigger the increase of blood clotting. The same applies to drugs that are administered intravenously. After surgery or during prolonged immobility will be very useful elastic bandaging of the lower extremities. It will help to prevent the formation of blood clots, which, breaking away, causing pulmonary infarction.