Pulse 100 beats per minute at rest: what to do?
There are cases when the heart rate increases not only for visible reasons (physical or emotional burden, stay in a mountain area). It happens that the palpitations occurs and in complete peace. To resolve this unpleasant and unsafe for the health of a symptom should find out the reason causing it.
Pulse: norm and deviations
For a healthy person, normal pulse of 60 to 80 – 85 beats per minute. The decrease in heart rate (slowing heart rate) below 60 is called bradycardia. Increased heart rate above 85 beats per minute is tachycardia. Most often, the pulse rate changes when the pressure oscillation, but there are other possible causes.
Tachycardia (frequent or high pulse)
Tachycardia can be caused by both physiological and pathological reasons. Physiological tachycardia, either spontaneously or after improving the diet, lifestyle or eliminate a negative situation. This increase in pulse is called objective reasons and occurs in the following cases:
- enhanced training, intense physical labor;
- stay at high altitude above sea level;
- emotional reactions (fear, anxiety, worry, delight, etc.);
- stay in the heat or in a poorly ventilated, stuffy room;
- a fever of any etiology (for each increased degree heart responds with increased heart rate by 10 beats per minute);
- the consumption of large portions of food (overeating);
- the abuse of alcohol, caffeinated and energy drinks, Smoking.
A pathological increase in heart rate is called a specific disease and requires careful clarification of the causes. Most often it is associated with abnormalities of the heart, but sometimes with problems other internal organs. A persistent increase in resting heart rate can cause the following conditions:
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- congenital and acquired heart defects;
- heart attack;
- postinfarction cardiosclerosis;
- «pulmonary» heart (increased right) in hypertension;
- violation of conductivity in the atrioventricular area or sinus node;
- dystrophy of myocardium;
- neurocirculatory (vegetative-vascular) dystonia;
- severe form of angina pectoris;
- different types of anemia;
- silicosis, emphysema;
- the increased release of hormones by the adrenal glands;
- different types of neuroses;
- psychosis and affective condition;
- intoxication and poisoning.
High pulse during pregnancy
A frequent complaint of pregnant women is palpitations. This condition usually occurs in the second half of pregnancy when the load on the female body increases in connection with fetal growth. Change of a hormonal background, the compression of the growing uterus on the diaphragm and inferior Vena cava may contribute to the development of permanent tachycardia. Treatment in such situations are doctors of female consultation: obstetrician-gynecologist, internist, cardiologist. Accordingly, the condition of the woman after the examination, appointed by drugs that can harm an unborn baby, but help to alleviate the condition of women.
Pulse 100 beats per minute: what to do?
At physiological tachycardia pulse in most cases restores itself. If objective reasons for the occurrence of tachycardia is not observed, or the pulse of long bounces for example, after a meal, load, and other causes of tachycardia should be referred for medical care. Perhaps there is any revealed no pathology requiring treatment.
If you experience an acute attack tachycardia – pulse rate above 100 beats per minute – you need to call an ambulance. Waiting for health workers it is important to stay calm and take the following actions:
- undo tight clothing (belt, collar);
- to provide fresh air (open a window);
- you can take Valerian Extract (if no contraindications)
- wash in cold water;
- wet a towel with cool water and apply to the chest;
- to take a semi-sitting position;
- breathe deep, breath to breath;
- it is possible to apply the method, calling the phenomenon Aschner-Dagnini (oculo-cardiac reflex in which the heart rate slows): close your eyes and with the power to put pressure on the eyeballs to stay in this position for a few seconds, then repeat 3 – 4 times.
Symptoms that accompany a high pulse
Often tachycardia, a particularly acute attack, when pulse rate 100 – 120 beats or more, combined with the fear of death, dizziness, appearance of a profuse sticky sweat, shortness of breath, feeling of heaviness in the heart area. If the tach constant (about 100 strokes), most often develops weakness, low threshold of endurance, fatigue, loss of appetite and depressed mood. With prolonged and frequent bouts of possible bruising and numbness of the hands and feet as a result of lack of oxygen to the tissues.
To identify diseases of laboratory and functional researches, consultations of medical specialists: cardiologist, neurologist, endocrinologist, psychiatrist and narcologist. Performed clinical and biochemical blood tests, research on hormones. Are assigned to the deep study of the heart: EKG, ultrasound, Holter daily monitoring, ECHO-ECG.
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Therapy will depend on the results of the survey and the identified diagnosis. To relieve tachycardia are assigned to preventive measures and drug treatment. To prevent provocation of occurrence of attack you should follow the recommendations:
- excluded from the diet or to minimize food from spicy foods, chocolate;
- to give up or minimize Smoking, consumption of alcohol, energy, caffeinated beverages, and cocoa;
- to efficiently distribute the load, both physical and mental;
- try to control your emotional reactions in stressful situations.
At the discretion and on the direct recommendation of a physician, the following drug treatments:
- sedatives: Valerian Extract, Motherwort, Glycine;
- tranquilizers: Phenazepam, Diazepam;
- beta-blockers different groups: Propanolol, Metoprolol, Verapamil, Cordanum, Ritmilen.
Subject to the recommendations of the doctor and timely reception of prescription drugs the heart rate returns to normal, the patient’s quality of life is significantly improved.