Pulse 50 beats per minute: what to do?
Most people’s heart beats with a frequency of from 60 to 100 beats per minute in a state of tranquility. A smaller number of cuts indicates the presence of bradycardia. Sometimes the presence of bradycardia is completely safe, and sometimes it indicates the presence of life-threatening diseases.
If slight bradycardia?
On the one hand, if the pulse of the person is 50 beats per minute, it may not cause any problems, just pointing out his good physical form. Healthy young adults and athletes often have a heart rate. On the other hand, bradycardia is sometimes a sign of problems with the conducting system of the heart. This means that the natural pacemaker is not functioning properly, or that its conductive path is broken. In severe bradycardia the heart beats so slowly that sufficiently supplies the body with blood. This may be the cause of certain symptoms and even life-threatening. Often slow heart rhythm that requires treatment occurs in men and women older than 65 years.
What causes bradycardia?
Reduction of heart rate can be caused by:
- Changes in heart that are the result of aging.
- Diseases that cause damage to the conducting system of the heart (e.g., coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, endocarditis and myocarditis).
- Diseases that can slow the conduction of electrical impulses in the heart. Examples include hypothyroidism (reduced thyroid function) or electrolyte disturbances (for example, increased amounts of potassium in the blood).
- Taking certain medicines to treat heart disease or hypertension (e.g., beta-blockers, antiarrhythmics and Digoxin).
What are the symptoms of bradycardia?
A very sluggish heart rate may cause:
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- Shortness of breath.
- Reduced tolerance to physical load.
- Pain in the chest.
- The feeling of the heartbeat.
- Lower blood pressure.
Most people with a pulse of 50 beats per minute symptoms, or they think these signs are a normal part of aging.
Examination for bradycardia
To identify slow heart rate the doctor may need to count the patient’s pulse and inspecting. To confirm bradycardia it is necessary to conduct electrocardiography, which displays the electrical activity of the heart. Very often, the aetiology appears and goes, so a normal ECG does not always reveal it. Therefore, it may be necessary to carry out Holter monitoring, which is the daily ECG recording. In the course of a day or two people is a small device that records the electrical signals of the heart. Also, you may need laboratory analysis to detect other causes of slow heart rate.
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Treatment of bradycardia depends on its causes and presence of symptoms. For example, if the pulse is slow does not cause any complaints and ECG no signs of dangerous diseases, treatment usually is not required. If bradycardia is caused by damage to the cardiac conduction system, the patient may require implantation of a pacemaker. A pacemaker is a device that is placed subcutaneously, which helps to correct a slow heart rhythm. Most often, it is necessary for people older than 65 years who have a slow heart rate. If the bradycardia caused by other medical problems such as hypothyroidism or electrolyte disorders, their treatment can eliminate the slow rhythm.
If reduced heart rate is associated with the medication, you may need correction of dose or administration of other drugs. If discontinuation of treatment it is impossible, the patient may require implantation of a pacemaker. The goal of treatment is to increase the frequency of heartbeats, which in sufficient quantity will provide the patient with oxygen. If you do not hold the treatment of severe bradycardia it can lead to the development of serious problems, including fainting and injuries from Palani, as well as convulsions and even death.
What can be done with bradycardia alone?
Bradycardia is often the result of heart disease, so a healthy lifestyle can reduce the risk. The steps for this include:
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- Keeping a healthy diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, low-fat dairy products.
- Physical activity on most days of the week.
- Weight reduction if necessary.
- Quitting Smoking.
- Treatment of other diseases such as high blood pressure or increased blood cholesterol.
If the person lost consciousness, symptoms of myocardial infarction or shortness of breath should immediately call an ambulance.
Most people with pacemakers live a normal, full life. They need to avoid situations in which possible effects of strong magnetic or electric fields that can disrupt the functioning of the device. But most electronic devices use still secure. Also be sure to regularly visit the doctor who conducts the test stimulator. If you find any problems with its functioning you should immediately seek medical help.