Spider veins on face: causes, removal, pictures
Spider veins usually appear on the face, in the cheeks and nose. They look similar to a star or spiderweb: located in the center of the larger red point and moving away from her small red lines (dilated capillaries). This occurs because increasing the diameter of the small capillaries, due to which they can be seen through the skin with the naked eye.
In medical terms spider veins are called telangiectasias. From Greek, the expression translated as «the extension end of the vessel.» Also spots on the face can be called stellate angioma, that is, neoplasms of blood vessels. The name of the disease used if the Central part of the sprocket is heavily favored over the surface of the skin.
Spider veins on the face may appear for different reasons, and in some cases, not without the influence of any factor. To increase the risk of telangiectasia and stellate angioma can:
- Genetic predisposition to the extension of the capillary.
- Chronic pathology.
- Current long-term venous insufficiency.
- Lesions of the vascular system and its dysfunction.
- The period of carrying a child and childbirth.
- Hormonal disturbances.
- Excessive physical activity.
- Abuse of the procedures of the Solarium, sauna or bath.
- An unbalanced diet and a sedentary lifestyle.
- Addicted to too hot or spicy food, overeating.
- Gynecological problems.
- Diseases of the internal organs.
- Frequent nervous breakdowns and stress.
The stage of development of pathology
The first stage is the least problematic for the patient. It does not cause even cosmetic discomfort. At this stage, facial redness and skin spots occur only after exposure to vasodilator factors: heat treatments, sunbathing or drinking alcohol. After some time, the capillaries return to normal, and the redness disappears until the next «attack».
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In the second stage, the vessels will seriously be affected, causing lose the ability to shrink to a normal state. As a result, the patient complains of stable vascular pattern on the face and skin overdrying. At this stage the easiest way to help the patient. But this requires time to begin therapy.
In the third stage due to destruction of the small capillaries skin is poorly oxygenated and nutrient-disturbed microcirculation. Possible congestive and inflammatory processes, the appearance of rosacea — acne pinkish. The third stage of the disease requires a more serious approach and a long combination therapy.
The applied method of therapy depends on the stage of the disease, the severity of spider veins on the skin and other factors. Removal of vascular pattern need to consult a dermatologist or a beautician. Depending on neglect the specific situation, the doctor will suggest to remove or reduce the visibility of the capillary network on the skin.
One of the newest methods of treatment is considered laser photocoagulation. So we call the procedure of laser removal of spider veins. The advantage of photocoagulation at least that it helps prevent the re-emergence of «webs», does not leave the skin scarred and ugly traces or scars. Most effective are the lasers with green and yellow spectra of emission — they do not injure the top layer of skin. During the procedure, the walls of damaged blood vessels «stick together», causing the capillaries are not so visible on the skin.
The disadvantage of laser photocoagulation can be considered a narrow range of use. The procedure is effective only for patients with a recent defeat: the diameter of the sprocket must be up to 2 mm. Traditional techniques to remove the vascular pattern, are considered as the electrocoagulation (burning), and cryotherapy (impact on capillaries with liquid nitrogen). They are now used much less frequently because they can leave ugly scars or scars.
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For more advanced cases using the methods of sclero — and ozone therapy. The first variant involves the introduction into the lumen of the capillaries drugs-sclerosants. This leads to the separation of the vessel from blood flow. After 1 – 1.5 months after the procedure, the capillary disappears completely. In the case of ozone into the vessel is injected oxygen-ozone mixture, which also leads to the disappearance of the affected capillaries. Both methods don’t leave scars or scars on the skin.
However, only one cosmetic or surgical procedures is not enough to treat the problem without relapse. You need to understand that in most cases the capillaries are excessively expanded in the presence of other diseases of internal organs. So before going to the beautician definitely pass a comprehensive examination.
To improve the condition of the whole organism and prevention we can recommend the use of sunscreens. From cosmetics containing alcohol, fruit acids, flavors, eucalyptus essential oil, menthol and honey should be abandoned — they provoke irritation to the skin and can cause allergies. Do not forget about proper nutrition with increased amounts of fruits and vegetables, healthy lifestyle.
Phlebectomy may be performed only by a qualified technician. Do not self-medicate with traditional methods and do not refer to unverified organizations. Take care of your health!