Statins to lower cholesterol

Statin therapy prescribed to patients with cardiovascular disease. Statins to lower cholesterol should be taken on a regular basis.

What is statins?

Statins are group of drugs that can significantly reduce the concentration of LDL-cholesterol (low density lipoprotein or bad cholesterol) in the blood in humans. The mechanism of action of these drugs is that drugs provoke a significant drop in production in the patient of specific enzymes responsible for the production of cholesterol. Statins generally reduce the production of cholesterol by the body of 40 – 45%, thereby reducing the risk of heart attack, ischemia and angina.

Side effects

Despite the undeniable benefits to health and may cause many unpleasant side effects:

  • sleep disorders;
  • asthenia;
  • constipation;
  • diarrhea;
  • migraine;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • myalgia;
  • abdominal pain;
  • bloating;
  • thrombocytopenia;
  • neuropathy;
  • dizziness;
  • weakness;
  • drastic weight loss, obesity;
  • hepatitis and jaundice;
  • pancreatitis;
  • arthritis, myositis;
  • joint pain;
  • muscle cramps;
  • rashes and hives;
  • Eritrea;
  • itching;
  • impotence;
  • swelling;
  • diabetes.

Who should drink statins?

Absolute indications for the medication group statins are:

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  • hypercholesterolemia, insensitive to a radical change of diet and diet, lasting more than 3 months;
  • Статины для снижения холестерина

  • high coronary risk, associated with transient hypercholesterolemia;
  • acute coronary syndrome;
  • arterial hypertension;
  • stroke, condition after stroke with infarction;
  • atherosclerosis of the arteries;
  • cardio in postinfarction condition;
  • surgery on the major arteries and blood vessels, heart.

Patients with diabetes and women of childbearing age to drink statins optionally, before it is necessary to consult a qualified professional.

Contraindications

To take statins is prohibited:

  • during pregnancy;
  • for people with allergies;
  • during lactation;
  • liver diseases (cirrhosis, hepatitis).

List of cholesterol medications

Medication for lowering the concentration of cholesterol in the blood – a great many, the following is an indicative list of the range of pharmacy.

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Table 1: List of tools from cholesterol.

Types of statins

The effectiveness of a group of drugs

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Drugs

Atorvastatin

Can reduce blood cholesterol by 47 – 50%

Tulip

Atomix

Liprimar

Atolis

Atorvastatin Canon

Torvacard

To see a cancer specialist

Rosuvastatin

Lowers total blood cholesterol up to 55%

Crestor

Rosuvastatin

The HSE

Martini

Rookard

Devastor

Rosalie

Roxera

Simvastatin

Lowers cholesterol by 35 – 38%

Simcard

Vasilip

Simla

Zocor

Simgal

Opencor

Simvahexal

Simvastatin

Simvor

Simvastol

Simvacard

Fluvastatin

The reduction of bad cholesterol by 29%

Lescol Forte

Lovastatin

Able to reduce the concentration of cholesterol in the blood by 22 – 25%

Cardiostatin

Holetar

Статины для снижения холестерина

At what level of blood cholesterol, the doctor may prescribe taking statins?

It should be noted that an infinite reduction of cholesterol is a road to nowhere. Man can not live without it, this substance present in the body in large quantity, is the fuel and building material. Cholesterol is of two types: «bad» and «good». «Good» is just the same is the «fuel» of the body, the source of strength and energy. The Central nervous system of a person without it can not function. The «bad» cholesterol differs in that it has a high tendency to «stick» to the walls of blood vessels, creating a «cholesterol plaque» – a direct path to atherosclerosis. To get rid of is only from the second type of cholesterol. Learn also its concentration can, passing blood. Better to do it at qualified hospitals, where the accuracy of determining the concentration of fat in the blood is maximum.

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Standards of cholesterol

Patients with cardiovascular diseases it is necessary to periodically donate blood and check cholesterol levels. A normal value is considered the value of 200 mg/DL. However, few can boast of such a figure. The average woman 35 to 40 years is 240 mg/DL. When cholesterol from 250 to 280 mg/DL are recommended to review the diet and start a healthy lifestyle. Dietary recommendations for patients with elevated cholesterol (increase critical):

  • reduce intake of butter, replacing it with vegetable (olive, vegetable, sunflower);
  • replace fatty cheese, cottage cheese, sour cream and eggs (egg yolk) to soy and its derivatives: it will help to get rid of cholesterol and extra pounds;
  • eat garlic in its raw form: it contains enzymes that help to digest and assimilate animal fat;
  • do not eat lard, better replace it with fatty fish;
  • grape juice (red grapes) is very useful for people with high levels of «bad» cholesterol.

If cholesterol over 280 mg/DL, you need to see a doctor for treatment (diet, exercise, medications, monitoring cholesterol levels). Control the new lifestyle you should have at least 4 – 5 months. You need to not less than 1 time in 30 days to give blood for the test.

Risk factors

Monitor the amount of cholesterol recommended by:

  • men aged 40+;
  • women after menopause;
  • diabetes;
  • hypertension;
  • if a person smokes.

How to choose a statin?

To drink or not to drink drugs from the group of statins is an individual choice of each person. However, you should know that once you drink these drugs, take them will have for life. Change can only the dosage of medication that is prescribed by a doctor after reviewing the results of a blood test.

Self-assignment to itself of statins and their reception are not allowed! To select a tool needs a skilled surgeon, guided by patient’s condition, the testimony of his tests and medical history.

To prescribe the drug right therapist or cardiologist, taking into account age, sex, presence of extra pounds, diabetes and heart disease. Selected drug you need to drink strictly according to the doctor’s instructions by discussing them with cheaper counterparts, which can be purchased in pharmacies.

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Attention!

  • Receiving statins are elderly, already drinking cure of hypertension or diabetes, can cause myopathy (muscle cell and atrophy).
  • Patients with hepatitis or cirrhosis can drink Rosuvastatin in small doses: the drug has the additional property of protecting the cells of the liver. The administration of antibacterial drugs and alcohol at the same time with Rosuvastatin are not allowed!
  • Patients with muscle pain and injuries, it is advisable to choose pravastatin.
  • Patients with a history of chronic ailments of the kidneys, it is forbidden to accept the following statins: Lipitor, Atorvastatin and Lescol.
  • For example simultaneous reception of two types of statins with appropriate dose reduction of both drugs.
  • To combine statins with nicotinic acid is fraught with some unpleasant consequences: intestinal haemorrhage, rhabdomyolysis, myopathy and fall of blood sugar levels.