Stroke: symptoms, first aid

Angina (heart attack) — the so-called pathologies in which nutrition is impaired of a certain area of the heart muscle with oxygen, due to which there is a weakening or even necrosis — death of tissue.

Angina is a fairly dangerous disease, if not detected in time and not treated, can develop myocardial infarction, the consequences of which are unpredictable. In addition, no treatment may be the reason that seizures will become more frequent, respectively, and the quality of life is much worse.

What is angina? The mechanism of its development

Immediately it should be noted that angina — often the only symptom, indicating the possible presence in the patient of coronary heart disease (CHD). Usually, a heart attack develops independently of any influencing factors, all of a sudden, though my heart up to this point can be damaged even in a few years. In most cases, the immediate cause of angina is spasm or blockage of the arteries that feed the heart.

Most often, this pathology occurs in patients with atherosclerosis, when fat droplets accumulate on the inner wall of blood vessels and «prevent» the natural flow of blood. Over time can form plaque that significantly impair blood flow. In more severe cases, form blood clots, which can lead to death. Allocate a list of «risk factors», pointing to patients who need to be very careful and seriously engage in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. These include state and pathology:

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  • male;
  • age 50 – 55 years (the most dangerous) and older;
  • the abuse of food with animal fats;
  • elevated levels of cholesterol in the blood (hyperlipidemia);
  • overweight and obesity;
  • lack of physical activity (including physical inactivity in bedridden patients and invalids);
  • Smoking;
  • frequent intoxication;
  • increased viscosity of blood;
  • arterial hypertension;
  • anemia;
  • emotional stresses.
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Signs of angina

To determine the patient’s angina, sometimes it is enough just to pay attention to its condition and health. Angina patients experience severe pain and characteristic is a feeling of discomfort, pressure and compression in the chest. Depending on what part of the heart gets it blood supply is bad, the pain may have a different localization. In some cases, there is the radiation (spread) pain in upper limb, shoulder, jaw or neck. The duration of the attack usually does not exceed 5 – 15 minutes. If the time to provide medical help, the pain gradually goes away. In more severe cases, angina bothers from 30 seconds to half an hour.

There may also be other symptoms. Most often they, too, can be seen immediately. The skin of the sick person becomes pale (and in atypical situations – blush). On his forehead are drops of cold sweat, and hands remain cold, and the fingers lose sensitivity. Breathing becomes shallow (i.e. shallow), inhalation and exhalation occur less frequently. The pulse at the beginning of the stroke quickens, with the gradual improvement of the state of the heart rate also falls.

How to remove angina at home?

What to do if you suspect a person stroke? If some of your friends or relatives is suffering from angina, the algorithm of emergency care must be well established. This will quickly help the patient and also to prevent the development of complications.

First aid is the elimination of pain. In order to facilitate the course of deterioration of blood supply to the heart, you need to start to put a person. Even if there are no benches or beds, try to come up with a suitable option. In the most unfavorable situation do not hesitate to put the patient right on the floor or ground. Then it is necessary to improve the air flow in the body, to facilitate breathing of the patient. Open the patient’s chest: unbutton a button on your shirt, take off the jacket, «stretch» t-shirt, etc.

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Usually, patients who know that they have angina, carry with them special pills that help with attacks. This pre-hospital medical care that can be provide at home. Remember that you should not self-diagnose and buy the following drugs if you (or the patient whom you help) were not prescribed by the treating physician.

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The drugs used in angina are Valokordin, Nitroglycerine, Validol (sublingually pills — need to be put under the tongue, so the faster they get into the blood). Of the more modern medicines emit aerosols Nitrospray, Socket and other. If after a few minutes after rendering medical care the patient does not get better, immediately call an ambulance. Before arrival of doctors need to be constantly with the patient to monitor his condition and try to distract from the pain with conversation.

Urgent help at an attack of angina can be, in principle, any person, even without medical education. The most important thing — precisely to practice the skills, be confident in their actions and before from theory to practice, to consult with a qualified professional. Take care of your health and avoid diseases through prevention!