Tachycardia in pregnancy
Pregnancy largely rearranges a women’s body. The emergence of new life directly or indirectly affects raberto all systems and organs, which are now subject to the new purpose – reproduction. One of the first Prestarium its activity in the cardiovascular system.
Normal functioning of the heart is 60 – 90 cuts on for one minute. If the indicators rise above, then you should talk about tachycardia – heart palpitations. Often tachycardia in pregnancy appears in women, the heart of which is experiencing additional load. Increased heart rate not only affects the mother’s health, but also affect the fetus, so the tach needs to be addressed in a timely manner.
Palpitations definitely affects the quality of life of the pregnant woman. The figure is only slightly higher than normal, there may be discomfort in the chest, anxiety and hot flashes. And here is the
«over-scale» one hundred and twenty beats expectant mother may faint. Therefore, continuous monitoring of indicators of cardiac activity is the key to successful gestation.
Causes of tachycardia in pregnant women
Palpitations depends on many factors – from the availability of physical load, stress, pathology of the heart and blood vessels, and more. The most common causes of tachycardia in pregnant women doctors can see the following:
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Gynecologists and cardiologists, watching pregnant women in the early stages, not the last role in the occurrence of tachycardia is given to hormonal changes and the high content of certain hormones.
Symptoms of tachycardia
The feeling of tachycardia is very individual because not all the classic signs occur in pregnant women. Some do not feel the changes of cardiac rhythm (for example, sinus tachycardia), as the body during pregnancy surpasses greater amount of blood to the viability of the fetus, and thus heart rate a little elevated. In order to be able to diagnose tachycardia, you need to pay attention to the presence of the following symptoms:
- dizziness, feeling of loss of consciousness;
- nausea, vomiting;
- the pain in the heart or behind the breastbone;
- numbness of arms, legs;
- anxiety, fear, panic;
- fatigue, drowsiness.
In pregnant women occurs most often sinus tachycardia. This means that the sinus rhythm of the heart reached the number of one hundred beats per minute. Such a condition is pathological, and physiological. Pregnancy may provoke sinus tachycardia. It occurs due to:
- increased load on the heart;
- the influence of hormones;
- accelerated metabolism;
- the load on the nervous system;
- compression of the heart;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system.
For mild sinus tachycardia there is no cause for concern – it is a normal phenomenon which takes place upon termination of the exposure to a provoking factor. If early pregnancy sinus tachycardia is quite rare, by the third trimester of her seizures can be repeated more often. This is due to the intensification of the processes of gas exchange in the fetus. The anxiety must cause a regular long seizures, which are accompanied by vomiting, loss of consciousness and chest pain. For a full examination and diagnosis of pathology of pregnant should contact the hospital.
A more serious disruption of the heart, paroxysmal tachycardia. Under this condition, the heart may be reduced to two hundred times a minute. Last attacks of paroxysmal tachycardia for-different – from several minutes to several hours. The cause of paroxysmal tachycardia is the occurrence of the center of excitation in the conducting division of the heart. Symptoms of paroxysmal tachycardia pronounced: women feel the chills, sudden weakness and at the same time, frequent palpitations, dizziness occurs, and sometimes fainting. If you experience symptoms of paroxysmal tachycardia should immediately seek medical help, because it threatens to myocardial infarction, myocarditis and other serious injuries.
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The treatment of the disease
Treatment of tachycardia depends on the causes of pathology. Sometimes just enough to eliminate the provoking phenomenon (stress, physical activity, etc.) to indicators of cardiac activity returned to normal. With a slight tachycardia caused by stress, you can drink sedatives (motherwort, Valerian tincture), and further to normalize the heart to take drugs with hawthorn and rosehip. In the later stages of pregnancy, added vitamins and minerals.
The medication should be done only after consultation with a doctor who will take into account all the individual characteristics of the patient and prescribe the remedy, safe for both mother and child. The most commonly used for tachycardia in pregnant women medicines are Adenosine, Flexeril, Propranolol, Panangin, Corvalol, and others. If pathology is caused by a more serious causes may require surgery, which is considered after the birth of a child.
To prevent manifestations of tachycardia, it is important to take preventative measures. Among them is proper diet, optimize sleep and rest, control of excess weight, avoiding harmful habits, consumption of vitamins and minerals.