The autonomic dysfunction syndrome: what is it?

The syndrome of vegetative dysfunction (vegetovascular dystonia) is very often manifestations reminiscent of serious pathology of the cardiovascular and nervous systems, which causes a lot of fear. In fact, this syndrome can indeed provoke the emergence of new diseases, so its treatment should be approached responsibly.

What is it?

Syndrome called autonomic dysfunction is a clinical condition in which the vessels are no longer able to respond to send body signals. In children, the syndrome develops in a quarter of all cases. It is noteworthy that the syndrome is about 2 – 3 times more common among women. In fact, under a single term to unite all possible violations in the autonomic nervous system.

Reasons

Vegetative-vascular dystonia — polyetiological pathology. This means that the reasons causing it, produce a lot. The most common factors in the development of the syndrome of autonomic dysfunction include:

  • Hereditary characteristics.
  • Problem during the pregnancy and childbirth of the child, especially birth trauma and disruption in the development of the nervous system.
  • Increased anxiety and tendency to depression.
  • Tension, stress, poor upbringing.
  • Trauma, tumors and infectious lesions of the brain.
  • Fatigue.
  • Physical inactivity — lack of physical activity.
  • Hormonal disturbances, as in «critical» age (e.g., puberty), and in the case of endocrine diseases.
  • Frequent acute infectious disease or chronic diseases: sinusitis, pharyngitis, sore throat, dental caries, etc.
  • Smoking.
  • The abuse of alcohol.
  • Drug addiction.
  • Diseases of the spine.
  • Surgical interventions.
  • The adverse climatic conditions.
  • Excessive body mass.
  • Uncontrolled watching TV, playing in computer application (they also affect the nervous system).

Classification of VSD and symptoms

Distinguish tchetyre main types of dystonia: hypotonic, hypertonic, cardiac and mixed. What is the variation observed in a child depend on the symptoms and course of the syndrome.

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Vegetative-vascular dystonia on hypertonic type is characterized by a predominance of sympathetic, «activating» of the nervous system. This division provokes the acceleration of the heart rhythm, increased heart rate, headaches and dizziness, frequent feeling of heat and increased perspiration, fatigue. The patient may experience local blanching, redness and cold skin.

Vegetative-vascular dystonia on hypotonic type develops, on the contrary, with the parasympathetic, the «braking» of the nervous system. Because of this the patient is reduced vascular tone, decreases blood pressure. The patient complains of dizziness, frequent unexplained fainting, weakness, feeling «veil» before the eyes, tinnitus, etc. For the patients with the hypotonic type VSD characteristic jump in body temperature and excessive sweating of certain areas of the body.
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Vegetative dysfunction syndrome mixed type combines all of the above symptoms, it is periodic change of the «dominant» system. The characteristic feature in this case are jumps in blood pressure.

The cardiac type is diagnosed when the main symptoms occur in the cardiovascular system. Then the person complains of pain in the heart. They can be of completely different nature and have different intensity. In addition, common cases, when the pain gave into the hands, stomach, neck and head. Frequent in cardiac type of vegetative dysfunction syndrome of arrhythmias — irregular rhythms of the heart that a person even feels. Most often symptoms appear under the action of stress, hormonal changes in the body (puberty, pregnancy, menopause, etc).

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Treatment

The patient with autonomic dysfunction necessarily prescribe a comprehensive treatment. It should be aimed at eliminating the causes of disease and relief of human being. If there is a patient of neurotic disorders is also appointed consult a therapist recommended hypnosis and autogenic training.

For the treatment of autonomic dysfunction syndrome used mainly non-pharmacological methods. Particularly effective in the treatment show physiotherapy: physiotherapy, electrophoresis, galvanization, acupuncture, breathing exercises, balneotherapy and phototherapy. Special attention should be paid to exercise, as moderate physical activity enhance health and restore cardiovascular activity.

Patients with VVD of hypertensive and mixed type, we recommend taking a relaxing sedatives. The first time usually prescribed herbal teas, which are moderately effective. Then, if necessary, take stronger drugs. Those who suffer from the syndrome of autonomic dysfunction on hypotonic type, on the contrary, prescribe drugs that stimulate the nervous system.

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For removal of pains in the heart and reducing the workload on the body uses beta-blockers. If the pain is intense and still continue to trouble the patient is assigned drugs (short treatment). There are cases where the VSD affects the gastrointestinal tract and cause constipation or other digestive disorders. Then you need to choose the right diet to increase the amount drunk per day of the liquid, do physical exercise and give up bad habits.

Remember that to schedule a comprehensive therapy only by a qualified doctor. Do not self-medicate!