The narrowing of the blood vessels of the brain: treatment, symptoms, causes

In a healthy person the blood vessels elastic enough to respond adequately to the action of internal (e.g., physical or emotional stress) or external (a sharp change of air temperature) factors, if necessary, in time to shrink or expand.

In the presence of atherosclerosis, hypertension and other pathologies of the lumen of vessels of pathologically reduced. This leads to constant (chronic) or sudden (acute) deficiency of blood supply of certain organs and tissues. If the narrowed blood vessels of the brain, it is oxygen deprivation that can lead to a complete loss of certain functions (motor, speech, visual, auditory, etc.).


The narrowing of blood vessels occurs most often in atherosclerosis. The mechanism of occurrence of this pathology, in turn, is closely connected with the lifestyle and peculiarities of the diet of the person.

In atherosclerosis observed the deposition of cholesterol compounds on the inner walls of arteries, veins and small capillaries. As a result, formed atherosclerotic plaques that clog blood vessels and cause a reduction in their diameter. Constricted blood vessels worse perform their functions, the blood gets to the brain in insufficient quantities. This in turn leads to headaches, dizziness, memory loss, etc. Why is this happens? The main causes of this pathology include:

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  • The presence of hypertension or diabetes mellitus.
  • Smoking and abuse of alcohol.
  • Elevated cholesterol levels.
  • Age over 45 years (men) or 55 years (for women).
  • Genetic factors.
  • Excess weight and obesity.
  • An unbalanced diet.
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Signs of narrowing

In chronic (long-term) for pathology there is a gradual buildup of symptoms ranging from General malaise and headache to serious neurological disorders. If we arrange all possible with the narrowing of the blood vessels of the brain symptoms by severity and time of occurrence, the list will look like this:

  • Fatigue, weakness, General malaise.
  • Migraines and other types of headaches.
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  • Dizziness.
  • Excessive irritability.
  • The sense of constant mood elevation, increased psihomotornoe anxiety.
  • Touchiness, tearfulness.
  • Forgetfulness, short term memory loss.
  • Shuffling or festinating gait character associated with the interference functions of the cerebellum.
  • The occurrence of frequent false urge to urinate.
  • Serious problems with sense of balance.
  • Progressive dementia.
  • Otkazivanje the frontal lobes of the brain, in consequence of which the man himself can not move due to the loss of the sense of balance.
  • The trouble with all the organs located in the pelvis (and their functions).

It is also possible the dramatic development of symptoms of constriction of the blood vessels in the brain. This is due to the acute nature of the disease and actually is a direct cause of stroke with characteristic signs. Often also an acute form of disease, occurs along with myocardial infarction. In some cases, quick course of narrowing of the blood vessels can lead to sudden death of the patient within three days after the development of pathology.


First, the doctor evaluates the patient’s physical data. He analyses the functioning of the nervous system by examining possible changes in this area, assesses the nature of breathing and the cardiovascular system. As the main instrumental method is used Doppler blood vessels. It is necessary to study the patency of the arteries, veins and capillaries, to assess their anatomy, nature and speed of blood flow. As additional diagnostic methods are also prescribe Mr — and CT-angiography. These types of surveys most accurately describe the state of the vessels, help to identify narrowing, thrombosis or an aneurysm (enlargement).

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How to treat narrowing of the blood vessels of the brain?

Treatment of acute forms of pathology is performed urgently if you experience the first symptoms of the disease. Further therapy and rehabilitation of the patient require a stay in hospital.

With regard to chronic forms, in this case, it is possible to treat a patient and ambulatory. You first need to follow a proper balanced diet, reduce the amount of fatty meats in the diet, as well as other animal proteins. This will allow you to normalize the level of cholesterol in the body and prevent the development of atherosclerosis. In addition, useful is the application of physiotherapy techniques, fresh air, multivitamins, micro — and macroelements and other preventive measures. It is necessary to give up Smoking and excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.

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It is especially important to adhere to all of the above recommendations to the people of middle and old age, as they have the risk of atherosclerosis is much higher than in younger patients. As medical treatment vasodilators drugs, statins and fibrates (used to normalize cholesterol and improve lipid metabolism). May also be administered tranquilizers and antidepressants for comorbid mental or neurological disorders.

Remember that to compile a course of treatment of a patient only by a qualified neurologist. Treatment of folk remedies or other non-traditional methods can be dangerous to your health. Do not self-medicate!