The symptoms and treatment of IBS
Coronary heart disease (CHD) — disorders of the cardiovascular system, in which the disturbed blood supply to the heart because of narrowing of the coronary vessels or their occlusion by atherosclerotic plaque. Due to the progression of atherosclerosis diameter of the arteries is gradually reduced, and then the heart slowly perfused. What is the result? The myocardium does not receive the necessary minerals, oxygen and other nutrition.
Clinical forms of ischemic heart disease
For some patients will be surprised that myocardial infarction is one of the types of coronary artery disease. The fact that coronary heart disease has two main forms – chronic and acute. Chronic ischemic heart disease manifests itself in the form of periodic angina. In the case of acute form the patient develops a myocardial infarction.
Sometimes angina and spontaneous angina. The first option is an obvious connection between any factors (physical activity, stressful situations, etc.) by the attack. In the second case, chest pain can occur any time without any apparent reason.
Causes of IBS
The etiology of this disease is quite complex. There are a number of factors that can affect the appearance of a pathology or accelerate its progression. For example, in women, the disease develops less often. According to one version, even genetic factors (mutation of a particular gene) may influence the development of CHD.
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In any case, the main cause of coronary heart disease is atherosclerosis. Plaque clog the artery, after which the diameter of the vessel decreases and blood flows more slowly. Initially, the problem becomes apparent only during exercise — there is pain in the chest, called angina. Then the vessels are sealed stronger metabolic processes in the myocardium is slow, and pain begin to appear more often.
In some cases, the disease develops in parallel with chronic heart failure, typical signs of which are swelling and shortness of breath. If atherosclerotic plaque will suddenly rupture, the artery may block completely. Then predict the consequences difficult. Likely to develop myocardial infarction, the heart will stop and all will end in death.
Developing myocardial infarction after occlusion of the artery by more than 75%. If it happens slowly and gradually, that more easily adapts. A sharp overlap of the lumen of the vessel the most dangerous. The degree of complexity of the case depends on which artery is clogged. Than it is larger in size and diameter, the stronger the affects the heart.
Symptoms of coronary heart disease
There are several different groups of symptoms that develop when a particular type of IBS. There is a chance asymptomatic of the disease. In this case, it is possible to detect a disease only when you accidentally posted the survey. Angina is manifested by either pain behind the sternum (the patient is associating feeling with feeling, if you put something heavy on the chest), which «give» in the left part of the neck or the arm. In addition, the patient is concerned about shortness of breath even during normal walking or climbing stairs.
The main symptoms of arrhythmic forms — a feeling of lack of air, shortness of breath, increased work of the heart and disruptions in its functioning. In myocardial infarction the patient feels strong pain in the heart, resembling those which occur in attacks of angina, but more intense. In addition, the usual medications (e.g., Nitroglycerin) can’t stop the attack.
Is it possible to cure coronary heart disease?
Due to the fact that therapies are often ineffective, patients are recommend surgical treatment. There are many different methods, but all aimed at the extension of the lumen of blood vessels. Commonly used method of installation of a special stent, which artificially increases the diameter of the affected artery. Coronary artery bypass involves connecting another artery, most often taken from the patient to create «bypass» the affected area.
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Sometimes it makes sense to try conservative methods. Then, patients are administered drugs such as nitrates, Nitroglycerin, beta-blockers, small doses of acetylsalicylic acid, etc. is Very important diet for coronary heart disease. The diet should be moderate, with restriction of animal fats. You must also stop Smoking. In any case, the treatment of coronary artery disease not amenable. Therapy only slows the course of disease.
Complications of IBS
The main possible consequences of coronary heart disease are:
- myocardial infarction;
- acute disorders of cerebral circulation (stroke);
- heart failure;
- cardio partial replacement of muscle tissue (myocardium) coupling, due to which the heart cannot adequately pump blood and stuff.
All the preventive measures aim to prevent the emergence of atherosclerosis. To do this, you must carefully follow a balanced diet, sufficient physical exercise. It should also give up Smoking (it’s 25% increases the risk of sudden death among patients with IHD), and alcohol abuse. No harm will also be a regular examination by a cardiologist.
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