The symptoms of dystonia in adults
Vegetative-vascular distonia (VSD) is a chronic disease that often is functional in nature and manifests a variety of symptoms of disorders of cardiovascular, respiratory and autonomic systems. The closest is essentially a disease described in other countries, is a syndrome of da Costa.
A bit of history
In the second half of the twentieth century, the American surgeon Jacob Mendez da Costa said about soldiers suffering from symptoms associated with the cardiovascular system, but who have normal levels of the physical examination. He called it a clinical condition of an irritated heart. Da Costa described a typical patient, suffering from lack of air, palpitations, dizziness, chest pain, insomnia and headaches.
He noticed that the beginning of these symptoms are often preceded by heavy physical loads, infectious diseases or tedious military drills. Da Costa suggested that these signs are associated with stress and anxiety over the war, which made soldiers heart to work harder over a long period of time. In the future this condition called da Costa syndrome. It is also known as cardiac neurosis, chronic asthenia, neurocirculatory asthenia, primary neurasthenia.
The prevalence of VSD
The diagnosis of VSD in adults doctors set very often – almost 40% of patients who asked for help in connection with symptoms of cardiovascular disorders. Sick more often women young and middle-age, although the VSD can occur in older people.
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What causes VSD?
With dystonia to identify the sole or leading cause often impossible. The most important among the predisposing factors belongs to the genetic and constitutional characteristics of the organism and the characteristics of the individual, periods of hormonal changes (during pregnancy, during the abortion, during menopause). The factors causing the attack of VSD:
- Psychological – neuro-emotional stress, negative social events.
- Chemical and physical – fatigue, radiation exposure, prolonged exposure under the sun, intoxication.
- Infectious – long any infectious disease.
The clinical picture of VSD
The symptoms of dystonia can be very varied and can resemble other diseases of the cardiovascular system, which is sometimes difficult to immediately establish the correct diagnosis. For a VSD has a periodic nature with exacerbations and remissions. With age, the severity of the symptoms is reduced, people are easy to perceive signs of the disease.
Symptoms of VSD have a pronounced emotional nature. People often experience pain in the region of the heart with aching, stabbing, crushing, burning character. The duration of the pain syndrome can be very different – from several moments to many hours. Often there is pain moving from one place to another. As a rule, people with VSD are associated with the appearance of symptoms of physical fatigue, emotional stress, anxiety, weather changes, consumption of alcoholic beverages. Sometimes women attack of VSD occurs before menstruation.
The pain in the heart area in dystonia may be accompanied by palpitations and increased blood pressure, anxiety and worsening mood. Typically, when the IRR pain syndrome appears after exercise, not during, as it happens in strokes. Under intense attack can occur fear, feeling short of breath, sweating, feeling of a lump in the throat. It’s hard to stay in a stuffy room, he wants to open all the Windows.
Asthenic syndrome, the IRR is manifested in fatigue, reduced performance and General weakness. Also patients may experience some dizziness, «flies flashing in the eyes», the feeling of cold extremities. Vegetative crises sometimes there are tremors, chills, faintness, nausea, sweating and intense fear. Such States usually occur at night and last from 20 – 30 minutes 2 – 3 hours.
In mild VSD in humans, as a rule, the saved capacity for work, he can be slightly reduced exercise tolerance, pain is not expressed, seizures develop only after intense precipitating factors. At a moderate severity of the disabilities can be reduced, the person concerned severe pain, seizures, VSD accompanied by palpitations, much reduced exercise tolerance. In severe cases, the symptoms of VSD have a long and lasting in nature, physical performance is very reduced or lost, the person needs constant treatment.
How to prevent the attacks of VSD?
There are 5 main principles of good health, which are important for the prevention of VSD:
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- A healthy way of life.
- Physical activity.
- The rejection of bad habits.
- Normal sexual life.
Treatment of VSD
To relieve symptoms and prevent their development, it is necessary to eliminate from the life of the patient predisposing factors. The mild form of VSD is carried out restorative treatment (vitamins and herbal medications), psychotherapy, the practice of physical therapy and breathing exercises. In more severe cases, add to the treatment of acupuncture, therapeutic massage and the ingestion of drugs (e.g., beta-blockers, antidepressants or sedatives).