The upper pressure high, pressure low

Blood pressure (BP) has two parameters – the systolic and diastolic values. Systolic blood pressure shows the pressure on the vascular wall of the arteries during systole (contraction of the heart) and the diastolic – during diastole (between heartbeats). It is important to understand that heart health is important the normal value of these two indicators.

The unit of measurement of blood pressure – mm Hg. article (millimeters of mercury). While reducing the heart ejects blood into the arteries, through which it reaches all parts of the body. This repulsive force exerts pressure on the walls of blood vessels, which is called the systolic. Normal values of systolic blood pressure from 90 to 120 mm Hg. station upper-Level pressure above 140 mm Hg. the article indicates hypertension.

When the heart relaxes, the pressure exerted by blood on the vascular wall, is reduced. It’s called diastolic. Normal diastolic blood pressure is 90 mm Hg. article If it is above 90 mm Hg. article, it indicates the presence of hypertension.

Why the person may experience increased upper and decreased lower pressure?

The main reason for the simultaneous increase in systolic BP and decrease in diastolic atherosclerosis of the aorta and its major branches. With increasing age and ageing systolic blood pressure rises. This happens mainly due to the increase stiffness and reduce elasticity of large arteries of the body (especially the aorta) and its main branches.

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Diastolic blood pressure during aging behaves differently. To 50 years it rises together with the systolic. However, after this their paths diverge, diastolic blood pressure begins to decrease and the systolic – continues to grow. This is because the small blood vessels in muscles and organs become stiff, slowing down the «runoff» of blood in the capillaries. There are many other complex effects that may help reduce diastolic and increased pulse pressure during aging. Pulse pressure you can learn by taking away from the top pressure the bottom. As a rule, the elderly and is high pressure top and low bottom. Some doctors suggest that increased pulse and systolic pressure represent values of age of the arteries.

The main reason for the loss of arterial wall elasticity is atherosclerosis, this process contributes to diabetes. Other causes of increased pulse pressure are aortic valve insufficiency, arteriovenous malformation (hidden connection between arteries and veins) and diseases of the thyroid gland.
Верхнее давление высокое, нижнее давление низкое
Aortic valve insufficiency is a condition in which the aortic valve not closing completely during diastole. In this regard, during diastole in the heart, returned a certain amount of blood (there is a so-called regurgitation). One of the signs of aortic valve regurgitation is to decrease diastolic pressure to very small values. Other symptoms are:

  • Pain in the chest.
  • Fainting.
  • Fatigue.
  • Palpitations.
  • Shortness of breath during physical exertion or in the supine position.
  • Swelling in the legs, feet or stomach.
  • General weakness.

Arteriovenous malformation is a defect of the vascular system, which consists of a direct connection of arteries and veins among themselves, bypassing the capillaries. This disease is rare, most often observed malformations in the brain and spinal cord. When the malformation connects the major arteries and veins, it can lead to a decrease in peripheral resistance, which in turn is accompanied by an increase in systolic and decrease in diastolic blood pressure.

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What to do with the simultaneous increase in systolic BP and decrease in diastolic blood?

Unfortunately, nobody can answer the question of how to lower diastolic pressure without affecting the lower. The only universal method of solving this problem does not exist. Treatment depends on the cause of the simultaneous development of high systolic and low diastolic blood pressure.

If this problem is caused by the tightening of the arteries with age, it’s likely something radically affect it is impossible. There are no methods to increase diastolic blood pressure without a concomitant increase systolic. However, you can try to prevent or slow the development of toughening of arterial walls, directing their efforts to comply with the rules of a healthy lifestyle, which include:

  • Rational and healthy diet.
  • Reduction of salt intake.
  • Physical activity.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Smoking cessation and alcohol abuse.
  • Controlling stress.

These activities help to prevent or slow the development of atherosclerosis, a leading cause of loss of vascular wall elasticity. In addition, you may be drug treatment of atherosclerosis, and therapy of concomitant diseases that accelerate its development (e.g., diabetes).

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Oleg Tabakov has shared his secret to a successful struggle with high pressure.

If the increased pulse pressure caused by aortic valve insufficiency, to correct this problem surgically. Perhaps his prosthetics via an open or minimally invasive surgery when the diseased valve is replaced with artificial. These operations are characterized by high efficiency if they are carried out on time.