The vessels of the head and neck: symptoms and treatment

In medical practice there is a large number of diseases of the blood vessels of the neck and head. This may be related to meteorological and climatic factors, living conditions and age-related characteristics of a specific person. Most often, the doctor treated patients with symptoms of pathological narrowing or widening of blood vessels.

Reasons

Most often, the vessels of the head and neck affected due to the development of atherosclerosis. The so-called disease in which the walls of arteries and veins is delayed «bad» cholesterol and are formed atherosclerotic plaques. They impede the normal blood circulation and saturation of tissues and organs with oxygen and nutrients.

Distinguish destinatarului and stenosing atherosclerosis. In the first case, cholesterol deposits observed along the vessel wall, that does not cause significant narrowing. For stenosing type of the disease an atherosclerotic plaque grows outwards, causing not only the narrowing of blood vessels, but excessive clotting. Risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis and diseases of arteries and veins:

  • Middle and old age (depending on the specific pathology).
  • Excess weight and obesity.
  • Physical inactivity — lack of physical activity.
  • Smoking and abuse of alcohol.
  • Improper diet with excessive animal fats, lack of protein, etc.

To provoke the deposition of cholesterol on the walls of blood vessels can some other diseases: hypertension, especially complicated by periodic crises, diabetes, syndrome of autonomic dysfunction and metabolic disorders. Another important factor is heredity.

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Symptoms

Different pathology of the vessels of the head and neck can provoke completely opposite symptoms. For example, when the same vascular dystonia, the person may suffer from hyperactivity and nervousness or, on the contrary, weakness, drowsiness and unconscious States. Therefore, the correct diagnosis and determine the cause of the disease can only by a qualified technician. The symptoms of vascular pathologies of the head and neck include:

  • Dizziness and headache.
  • A feeling of heaviness or squeezing in the head.
  • Pulsating feeling in his temples.
  • Drowsiness, fatigue, or Vice versa, hyperactivity and irritability.
  • Intolerance even a feasible exercise.
  • Unexplained fainting.
  • Mood swings.
  • Numbness of the hands or feet.
  • The loss of vision.
  • Forgetfulness, problems with memory and attention, and in the future — and thinking.
  • Changing gaits on shuffling or mincing.
  • Serious violations functions of the brain, resulting in sick can not coordinate their movements, defecation and urination.
  • Progressive dementia.
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Signs of vascular disorders of the head and neck are arranged in the order of occurrence. First, a person may not disturb any symptoms, it feels good and does not notice the jumps in blood pressure or oxygen starvation of the brain. However, over time the disease progresses rapidly and causes deterioration.

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Diagnosis

There are many modern methods of detection of vascular pathology. However, you need to start with a consultation with a cardiologist and neurologist. Specialists listen to your heart, assess the condition of the nervous system and record the parameters of the respiration.

If necessary, appoint additional methods of examination: Doppler study, angiography, MRI, CT, vascular ultrasound, and heart, etc. Remember that the pathology of vessels are often accompanied by heart damage, so the need for complex diagnostics.

Treatment

Successful treatment of diseases of the blood vessels should start with diet and mode of life of the patient. Take care of proper balanced diet. Better to cut back or eliminate fatty, fried, smoked, salted or too spicy. First, these dishes provoke the accumulation of fat in the body, which can lead to obesity. Secondly, an unbalanced diet threat the rapid development of atherosclerosis and other pathologies that trigger changes in blood vessels.

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Replace fatty meats boiled or steamed, often eat low-fat fish and seafood. Also eliminate soda and reduce the amount of salt consumed to a minimum, it creates an additional burden on the heart and blood vessels, water retention in the body. Useful for vessels considered to be fresh fruits and vegetables, especially those rich in selenium, onions, garlic, broccoli, legumes, nuts, etc.

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Will not hurt the feasible physical activity: therapeutic exercise, easy exercises, swimming, walking. They strengthen the heart muscle and improve the health of the person. In addition, a passion for the sport will help get rid of excess weight.

If we talk about medical treatment, it is important drugs are statins and fibrates — they lower cholesterol, prevent further formation of atherosclerotic plaques and, in General, regulate lipid metabolism. Appointed antioxidants. These drugs slow down the aging and death of cells of the nervous and cardiovascular systems, thereby preventing the development of pathologies.

Might be necessary the use of anticoagulants — drugs that prevent blood clotting. The use of these funds will help to protect yourself from excessive clot formation and clogging of blood vessels. For the same purpose used antiplatelet drug.

As a maintenance therapy appointed vitamin complexes and preparations with a high content of minerals (calcium, ferrum, etc.). Some patients needed additional physiotherapy treatments.

Remember that to properly consider therapeutic interventions may only qualified doctor. Do not self-medicate, it is dangerous for your health!